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Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 29 July 1798, in Cottbus; died 23 July 1840, in Berlin.

Painter, engraver, lithographer, decorative designer. Landscapes, landscapes with figures, seascapes, ruins, architectural views. Stage sets.

Biedermeier.

Karl Blechen studied at the Berlin Akademie der Künste under the landscape artist Lütke. As an impoverished young painter, he came to the attention of the architect and stage designer, Schinkel, who found him a job as scene painter at the Königstadt Theatre in Berlin in ...

Article

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Born 1705, in Rouen; died 1774, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver (burin). Genre scenes, landscapes with figures, architectural views, ruins. Stage sets.

Blondel lived in Amsterdam, and painted models of stage sets for the theatre in Amsterdam, which appeared at a sale in Amsterdam in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 February 1922, in Paris.

Painter, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver (linocut). Figure compositions, genre scenes, figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes, landscapes with figures, architectural views. Stage sets.

Maurice Boucard studied art and law, and worked as an art teacher. Until 1963 he was in charge of the scenic workshop at the Vichy Opera. In ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 11 January 1911, in Tournai; died 1996.

Sculptor (metal), ceramicist, engraver, lithographer. Stage sets, designs for tapestries, architectural integration.

Pierre Caille attended evening classes at the academy in Tournai, and in 1929-1930 worked in Joris Minne's workshop at the École d'Architecture et des Arts Decoratifs in Brussels, founded by Henry van de Velde in ...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1898, in Leeuwarden; died 1972.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver (wood), lithographer. Figures, interiors, landscapes, urban landscapes, architectural views. Wall decorations, postage stamps.

M.C. Escher was born into a family of artists, and began by studying engineering at the technical university in Delft, while also studying at the school of architecture and decorative arts in Haarlem. A keen traveller, he lived in Italy from 1923 to 1935 and returned to settle in Holland in 1937. With a wide following in many countries, this Dutch artist's works were not truly known and appreciated in France until 1972 onwards, despite some articles that had revealed his art to the French-speaking public prior to this....

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Active in Ferrara.

Died 1644.

Painter, engraver, architect, engineer, poet. Stage sets.

Francesco Guitti worked for the city and for the duke. In 1638 he produced the plan for the decoration of the stage sets for the first Carnival, which he published with other plans, as engravings, under the title of ...

Article

British, 18th century, male.

Born 1700 or 1710, in Kent; died 30 November 1765.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver (etching). Landscapes, landscapes with figures, harbour scenes, rustic scenes, architectural views. Stage sets.

George Lambert was a student first of William Hassel, and then of Woolton. He acquired a considerable reputation as a theatrical scenery painter at Lincoln's Inn Field theatre and then at Covent Garden. He went on to become one of the first English artists to make a serious study of picturesque effects in the landscape, a development which would lead to the famous 19th-century school of landscape art. He was one of the founders and, in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in Belgium.

Born 1939, in Düsseldorf.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver. Stage sets.

Jörg Madlener studied architecture in Darmstadt and Frankfurt.

Brussels

Darmstadt

Oldenburg

Vienna (Albertina Mus.)

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Strasbourg; died 1961 or 1965.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator. Stage sets, stage costumes.

Jacques Pajak attended at the École d'Architecture in Strasbourg in 1948 and studied cinematography in 1951. From 1960 he spent much of his time working on graphic works and industrial aesthetics. In ...

Article

Italian, 19th century, male.

Born 1784, in Venice; died 1851, in Vienna.

Painter, engraver, lithographer. Urban views, architectural views. Stage sets.

After studying in Venice Antonio de Pian moved to Vienna, where he became a member of the academy of fine arts in May 1845...

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Born 25 May 1730, in Laino; died 7 May 1804, in Munich.

Painter, engraver (including burin), architect. Stage sets.

Lorenzo Quaglio studied under his father, thought to have been Giovanni Maria Quaglio the Elder. He would, therefore, have been the brother of Domenico Quaglio the Elder. He mainly worked in Mannheim for the court theatre....

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 23 October 1795, in Munich; died 8 March 1878, in Munich.

Painter, lithographer. Architectural views, landscapes. Stage sets.

Simon Quaglio was the fourth son of Giuseppe Quaglio. He studied under his father and his elder brother Angelo Quaglio the Elder....

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 24 October 1796, in Edinburgh; died 25 November 1864, in London.

Painter, watercolourist, lithographer, designer. Landscapes, urban landscapes, architectural views, church interiors, interiors, ruins. Stage sets.

Orientalism.

David Roberts came from a humble background and was initially apprenticed to a painter-decorator, but soon turned his hand to stage set design. In ...

Article

German, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1754, in Mannheim; died c. 1826.

Painter, engraver, architect. Genre scenes, portraits, landscapes. Stage sets.

Schlicht was a pupil of L. Quaglia. He engraved portraits, genre scenes and landscapes. He was a professor at the academy in Düsseldorf.

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Active from 1945 in France.

Born 14 June 1927, in Teschen.

Painter (including gouache), sculptor (bronze), engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Figures, scenes with figures, architectural views, flowers. Stage sets.

Spitzer is a Polish painter of Jewish origin, who was marked by World War II. He moved to Paris and studied at the École des Beaux-Arts. His work evokes the horrors of escape, exile and massacre. Deliberately Expressionist, he uses thick textures, a violent graphic style, and his painting often takes on tones of derisive farce. Spitzer is also an illustrator. His works include: ...

Article

Maria Cristina Bandera Viani

(b Florence, Nov 2, 1727; d Milan, Nov 14, 1812).

Italian painter and engraver. He trained in Florence with Agostino Veracini (1689–1762) and Francesco Conti (1681–1760), and studied architecture and stage design under Antonio Galli-Bibiena. His earliest known painting is a fresco of 1758: Heavenly Father in Glory in the Dominican church in Livorno. He enriched his art by the study of Correggio’s works in Parma, and also those of Bolognese painters, making engravings (1764–7) after paintings by Guido Reni, Agostino Carracci, Annibale Carracci, Guercino and others. These were praised in 1765 by Pierre-Jean Mariette and were later collected in an album entitled Venticinque quadri ai maestri eccellenti incisi da Giuliano Traballesi (Milan, 1796).

In 1764 he won a competition at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Parma with the painting Furius Camillus Liberating Rome from the Gallic Senones, a work that is deeply influenced by the Bolognese tradition and by the Roman classicism of Nicolas Poussin. The success of this painting won Traballesi major commissions in his native Tuscany, where the transition from Rococo to Neo-classicism had been encouraged by the reforms initiated by Leopoldo II Habsburg-Lorraine when he became Grand Duke of Tuscany in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1956, in Paris.

Painter, pastellist, engraver, draughtswoman, sculptor, illustrator. Stage sets, artists' books.

Mâkhi Xenakis is the daughter of Iannis Xenakis, the composer. After completing architectural studies, she turned to the design of stage scenery. When visiting New York in ...