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Stephan von Wiese

(b Mecklenburg, March 13, 1930).

German sculptor and stage designer. He studied painting at the Kunstakademie in Berlin-Weissensse (1949–53), working first in the style of Socialist Realism. During his period at the Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf he undertook self-imposed repetitive exercises such as archery, and he modelled his first relief-form paintings by hand. In 1957 he made his first relief structures with nails leading to works such as White Picture (nails on canvas on wood, 1959; Krefeld, Kaiser-Wilhelm Mus.). He also incorporated corks (e.g. Cork Picture Light Medium, 1960; Düsseldorf, Kstmus.) and cardboard tubes set into the surface of the painting. The nailed picture became the antithesis of the painted picture; it allowed Uecker to explore the articulation of light through the shadows created by the nails, the unchanging ritual of hammering and the violation of taboo surfaces. In 1958 he began to work on circular nail formations, leading in 1961 to his rotating nailed illuminated discs....

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1875, in Moscow; died 1958, in Moscow.

Painter, graphic artist, designer. Local scenes, landscapes. Stage sets.

Symbolism, Socialist Realism.

Groups: Peredvizhniki (Wanderers), Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia (AKhRR).

Konstantin Fedorovich Yuon studied under Abram Arkhipov, Konstantin Korovin, and Konstantin Savitsky at the Moscow Institute of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture from 1892 to 1898 and in the studio of Valentin A. Serov from 1898 to 1900. He then went travelling to Germany, Switzerland, Italy, and France, and on his return taught in his own studio in Moscow from 1900 to 1917. He taught at the USSR Academy of Art (1934–1935) and the Moscow Art Institute (1952–1955)....