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Article

Russian, 20th century, female.

Born 1889, in Ivanovskoje; died 25 May 1924, in Moscow.

Painter (including gouache/mixed media), collage artist, designer, potter. Nudes, figures. Stage sets.

Suprematism, Constructivism.

Bubnovy Valet (Jack of Diamonds) group.

Liubov Sergueievna Popova came from a cultivated family. She studied in the studios of Stanislav Zhukovsky (...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Born 1899; died 1982.

Sculptor, graphic designer, poster artist, photomontage artist. Stage sets.

Constructivism.

Vladimir's path is inseparable from that of his brother Georgiy, up until the latter's death in 1933. They were the sons of a Swedish painter who took on Russian citizenship. From ...

Article

Ukrainian, 20th century, male.

Born 16 December 1885, in Kharkov; died 31 May 1953, in Moscow.

Painter, sculptor, assemblage artist. Stage sets.

Constructivism, Kinetic Art.

Groups: Bubnovy Valet (Jack of Diamonds), Soyuz Molodezhi (Union of Youth), Oslinyy Khvost (Donkey's Tail).

Vladimir Tatlin's father was an engineer and his mother a poet. He dropped out of school to join the navy, travelling to Egypt and the East. On his return, he gave private lessons while studying at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, and the Penza Institute. In 1909 or 1910, he spent the summer at Tiraspol with Larionov, whom he had already known for a time, but was so short of money that he had to join a local circus as a wrestler. In 1913 he toured Paris, Morocco, Syria, Turkey and Berlin, where he took part in the Russian folklore festival, singing Russian popular songs and accompanying himself on the bandura, a stringed instrument of Tatar origin. (Many years later, in 1962, Pavel Mansurov told Michel Seuphor that the famous bass Fedor Shaliapin had tears in his eyes when listening to Tatlin.) With the money he made in Berlin, Tatlin went to Paris to see the Cubists, and above all Picasso, whose work he had already seen exhibited in Moscow. He then returned to Moscow, where he joined the Jack of Diamonds group (1912-1913) and the Union of Youth (1913-1914). He left Moscow for Leningrad in the 1920s....

Article

Daniel Robbins

(b Angoûleme, April 4, 1885; d Paris, March 25, 1937).

French painter, collagist, draughtsman and stage designer. A few years younger than most of the Cubists with whom he became associated, he received a traditional art education at the Ecole Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1906 to 1910. He did not participate in any of the manifestations of Cubism that took place before World War I. His interest in the movement appears to have developed under the influence of Albert Gleizes, who painted his portrait while both served near the front in the 167th regiment at Toul in 1914–15. By 1916 Valmier was making small and very delicate collages markedly different from those of Picasso, Braque or Gris, composed of minutely fragmented surfaces.

In 1919 Valmier signed a contract with the dealer Léonce Rosenberg, for whose Bulletin de l’effort moderne he later designed a cover. Rosenberg gave him his first one-man exhibition at his Galerie de l’Effort Moderne, Paris, in ...