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French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 22 June 1952, in Bordeaux.

Painter (including mixed media), sculptor, potter. Stage sets.

At the age of 24, Philippe Aïni gave up his job as a pastry cook to become an artist, although he lacked any training. At first, he was supported and encouraged to exhibit by Jean-Pierre Roche of the Galerie Émergences in Bordeaux (...

Article

Inmaculada Julián

(b Madrid, Feb 26, 1937).

Spanish painter, sculptor, potter, printmaker and stage designer . As a painter he was mainly self-taught. After working as a journalist in 1957, he left Spain in 1958 to avoid military service, settling in Paris. There he continued to work both as a journalist and painter. From 1968 to 1972 he lived in Milan, returning to Paris in 1973. His work developed from expressionism to realism (Nueva figurina), which reflected on the pictorial language and function of painting and the artist’s role in society. He manipulated ready-made images, words and elements derived from commercial art and the work of other painters. His pieces formed series whose titles referred to the legacy of the Spanish Civil War and the contemporary political situation to help make their critical point. His work frequently provoked controversy, for example his series Arcole Bridge and St Bernard’s Pass (1962–6) was based on the theme of Napoleon Bonaparte as a symbol of imperialism (e.g. ...

Article

Blanca Serrano Ortiz de Solórzano

(b Roman, Moldavia, 1908; d Havana, 1991).

Cuban painter, sculptor, filmmaker, set designer, and ceramicist of Romanian birth. A pioneering figure in the development of concrete abstraction in Cuba, he was a member of the Havana-based artist group Diez Pintores Concretos, and he collaborated with the Argentine art movement Arte Madí.

In 1926 Darié moved to Paris where he studied Law, worked as a cartoonist for French and Romanian print media, and befriended avant-garde artists. In 1941 he fled Vichy France for Cuba, obtaining citizenship four years later. After a period of lyrical abstraction inspired by the local landscape, Darié turned to non-objective art. His first solo exhibition, Composiciones, was held at the Lyceum in Havana in 1949, and later traveled to the Carlebach Gallery in New York where the Museum of Modern Art acquired Composición en Rojo (Composition in Red, 1946).

In New York, Darié met the painter Jean Xceron (1890–1967), who introduced him to the sculptor Gyula Kosice, who was one of the founders of ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 7 January 1888, in Paris; died 26 March 1976, in Fréjus (Var).

Sculptor, ceramicist, fresco artist. Busts, funerary monuments, stage sets, wall decorations.

Baron Léon Albert Marie de Leyritz was a pupil of J.P. Aubé and from 1906 of Antonin Mercié at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He received the Prix Chenavard in ...

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active in Uruguay, Argentina and France from 1938.

Born 17 December 1919, in Pontevedra (Galicia).

Painter, sculptor, engraver, ceramicist. Murals, stage sets.

When he finished his studies in Spain, Leopoldo Novoa went to live in Uruguay and then Argentina from 1938 to 1961...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1954, in Oldenburg.

Painter, watercolourist, installation artist, sculptor (steel/bronze/ceramics), draughtsman. Scenes with figures, figures, architectural views, still-lifes. Stage sets.

Düsseldorf Constructive Sculpture.

Thomas Schütte was a pupil of Klaus Rinke, Gerhard Richter and Fritz Schwegler from 1973 to 1981...