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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active from 1950 active in France.

Born 15 November 1925, in Tompkinsville (Kentucky).

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist. Stage sets, decorative schemes.

Joseph Dudley Downing was a pupil at the Art Institute of Chicago from 1946 until 1950. As soon as he had completed his studies, he moved to Paris. Here he lives and works, dividing his time with Ménerbes in the South of France....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 10 December 1874, in Fort Wayne (Indiana); died 15 April 1960, in Falls Village.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Wall decorations, stage sets, posters.

Charles Buckles Falls was a member of the Society of Illustrators and the National Society of Mural Painters and was awarded a number of distinctions....

Article

Leland M. Roth and Gordon Campbell

(John)

(b Vienna, Sept 22, 1890; d New York, Dec 27, 1965).

American architect, stage designer, furniture designer and writer of Austrian birth. In 1920 he worked with Adolf Loos in Vienna. He was also in contact with the artists associated with De Stijl and began experimenting with innovative theatre designs. In 1924 he produced the Endless Theatre design. The ‘Endless’ was a double-curved shell of reinforced concrete that could enclose any irregularly traditional divisions into floor, wall, and ceiling but offered the inhabitant an open interior that could be modified at will. For the theatre he adapted the ‘Endless’ by devising a double-spiral stage interconnected by ramps and rings of spectator seats. Kiesler believed that the Endless Theatre, without proscenium or curtain, projecting out into the audience, with perpetually moving walls bathed in light of ever changing colour, would promote greater interaction between actors and audience.

For the celebrated Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes in Paris in 1925...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1910, in Philadelphia; died 1975.

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. Stage sets.

Gabriel Kohn's father was an engraver, and he studied under him before being admitted at the Cooper Union in 1929 to study sculpture with Gaetano Cecere. He went on to learn modelling at the Institute of Design, while working for New York sculptors in the early 1930s. From ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 24 October 1883, in New York; died 18 November 1945, in Brandenburg.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, decorative designer. Figures. Designs for ceramics, stage sets.

Jugendstil, Art Deco.

Paul Scheurich studied at the arts academy in Berlin from 1902 to 1904. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 10 June 1928, in Brooklyn (New York City).

Watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative designer. Stage costumes and sets.

Maurice Sendak comes from a family of Polish Jews who emigrated to the USA before World War I. While working as a window dresser he attended an evening course at the Art Students' League so that he could become an independent illustrator. He lives and works in Ridgefield (Connecticut)....

Article

Paul Louis Bentel

(b Vienna, 1872; d New York, July 10, 1933).

American architect, stage designer, interior designer and illustrator of Austrian birth. He studied at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna under Karl Hasenauer. Urban first received recognition as an architect in the USA in 1904 when his design for the interior of the Austrian Pavilion at the World’s Fair in St Louis, MO, was awarded a Gold Medal. He subsequently established himself in Europe as a stage designer; in 1911 he emigrated to the USA to assume a position as set designer with the Boston Opera Company.

After the completion of the Ziegfield Theater (1922), New York, Urban solidified his reputation as an architect with unexecuted proposals for several large theatres. For the Metropolitan Opera House, intended as the focal point of the first schemes for the Rockefeller Center (1926–8), he proposed a semi-circular seating arrangement, to which he added galleries that projected from the proscenium into the seating area to break down the separation between audience and stage. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 3 April 1905, in Lebanon (Ohio); died 1976.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer, architect. Costume studies.

Russel Wright lived and worked in New York. He designed stage costumes.