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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born February 1903, in Tunis; died 24 January 1978, in Aix-en-Provence.

Painter, architect, decorative designer, designer, poster artist. Wall decorations, stage costumes and sets, furniture, advertising art.

Art et Lumière.

Félix Tahar Marie Aublet was the son of the Orientalist painter Albert Aublet. He was brought up both in Neuilly, France, and in a Moorish palace in Tunis, where the family spent six months of the year. His second forename, Tahar, means 'blessed one' in Arabic. In ...

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 13 May 1879, near London; died 7 April 1961, in Sussex.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, designer, graphic designer. Still-lifes, landscapes, portraits. Designs for wallpapers and fabrics, furniture, stage sets.

Bloomsbury Group, Omega Workshops, London Group, Euston Road School.

Vanessa Bell was the daughter of Sir Leslie Stephen, the sister of Virginia Woolf and the wife of the art historian Clive Bell. She started her training with the Royal Academician Sir Arthur Cope, and continued it at the Royal Academy of Art under the direction of the American portrait painter John Singer Sargent between 1900 and 1904....

Article

(Nightingale)

(b London, March 25, 1929; d Brightwell Baldwin, March 29, 1998).

English designer. He was educated at Charterhouse School, Surrey, and studied painting, illustration, typography, and stage design at the Central School of Arts and Crafts, London. He served in the British Army Educational Corps (1949–51), then travelled in Europe for a year, pursuing a keen interest in architecture and interiors. In 1953 he redecorated his mother’s London house, a photograph of which was published and led to several similar commissions, and established his own design studio in London. In 1955 he formed a partnership with an English antiques dealer, Tom Parr (1930–2015), and together they ran Hicks & Parr, a small decorating and antiques shop in Chelsea. Among their early successful projects were the redecoration of the residences of Sir Rex and Lady Benson, Frederick and Mary Ponsonby, 10th Earl and Countess of Bessborough, and President Kwame Nkrumah in Ghana. In 1959 Hicks set up independently as David Hicks Ltd, then as David Hicks Associates, and later David Hicks International Marketing, with branch offices in France, Belgium, Switzerland, Germany, Pakistan, and Australia. During the 1960s Hicks became one of the most fashionable decorators in Britain, noted for his eclectic tastes, use of strong colours, and designs for geometric-patterned carpets and textiles, inspired by the work of Matisse and Edouard Vuillard. His employment of wall-to-wall carpeting in geometric-repeat motifs, together with his mix-and-match furnishing fabrics, became widely popular. He supplied designs to some 500 furnishing fabric and carpet manufacturers in North America and Britain during the 1960s and 1970s. He decorated the private apartments (...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 28 June 1885, in Munich; died 1967.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist, decorative designer, lithographer. Stage costumes and sets.

Ludwig Kainer started out as a doctor and only later became an artist. From 1904 to 1914, he lived in Paris. In ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1879 or 1880, in Liège; died 1956, in Brussels.

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, decorative designer, poster artist. Portraits. Stage costumes.

Georges Koister designed stage costumes and contributed to a number of papers in France and Belgium.

Liège: Portrait of Mme F. W....

Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1865; died 1927.

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, poster artist, scenographer. Figure compositions, scenes with figures, portraits, landscapes, urban views. Stage sets, wall decorations, furniture.

Félix Lafuente Tobenas joined the Diocesan Seminary of Santa Cruz in Huesca at the age of 12. While preparing for the examination to become a primary school teacher, he took lessons at a drawing school, where his teacher was impressed by his talents. On his teacher's advice, he went to Madrid to enrol in the school of applied arts, where he worked intensively at academic drawing and made copies of the old masters in the Prado. He also took a course in theatrical design. In ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 20 July 1889, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, poster artist. Stage sets, decorative panels.

A pupil of the landscape painter Adrien Bruneau, Marchand exhibited in Paris at the Salon des Artistes Français and the Salon des Indépendants, but worked mainly in Normandy and Rouen in particular. He also executed decorative panels for large hotels in Normandy....

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active in Italy from 1971.

Born 20 April 1927, in Chisinau-Cris.

Painter, sculptor, graphic designer, designer, interior designer, scenographer. Stage sets, stage costumes, advertising art.

Ion Mitrici graduated from the N. Grigorescu Institute of Fine Arts in Bucharest in 1954. He was a member of the Union of Plastic Artists of Romania ...

Article

Fani-Maria Tsigakou

[Yiannis, Giannis]

(b Arta, April 23, 1916; d Athens, Dec 20, 2009).

Greek painter, printmaker, illustrator, stage designer and decorative artist. From 1931 to 1936 he studied painting and printmaking at the Higher School of Fine Arts in Athens under Konstantinos Parthenis and Yannis Kefallinos (1893–1957). As soon as he graduated he participated in the exhibition of Greek printmakers that was organized in Czechoslovakia in 1936. The same year, on a scholarship from the Academy of Athens, he went to Rome and then to Paris to study at the Ecole Supérieure des Beaux-Arts and the Ecole des Arts et Métiers. He returned to Athens in 1940, when he participated in the last pre-war panhellenic exhibition, in which he was awarded the first prize. During the period of the German occupation (1941–4) he started painting portraits to earn his living. In these his restricted palette and the opposition of light and shadow with as little half-tone as possible reveal his concern with the flattening of form and space. His post-war canvases are painted with a directness of execution and solidly modelled forms. His concern with the structure of form led him gradually to geometrical compositions. In ...

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Montreal; died 1991.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator, decorative designer. Stage sets, frescoes, posters, fabric designs, advertising art.

Groupe des Automatistes.

Jean-Paul Mousseau was initially a pupil of Brother Jérôme at the Collège Notre Dame in Montreal, then studied in the studio of Borduas ...

Article

Austrian, 20th century, female.

Active in Belgium.

Born 1917, in Vienna.

Designer, illustrator, graphic designer, scenographer. Stage costumes and sets, wall decorations, medals, postage stamps.

From 1932 to 1939 May Néama was a pupil at the studios for publicity and décor of the theatre of the Instituut voor Sierkunsten en Ambachten in Antwerp, where she taught between ...

Article

Paul Louis Bentel

(b Vienna, 1872; d New York, July 10, 1933).

American architect, stage designer, interior designer and illustrator of Austrian birth. He studied at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna under Karl Hasenauer. Urban first received recognition as an architect in the USA in 1904 when his design for the interior of the Austrian Pavilion at the World’s Fair in St Louis, MO, was awarded a Gold Medal. He subsequently established himself in Europe as a stage designer; in 1911 he emigrated to the USA to assume a position as set designer with the Boston Opera Company.

After the completion of the Ziegfield Theater (1922), New York, Urban solidified his reputation as an architect with unexecuted proposals for several large theatres. For the Metropolitan Opera House, intended as the focal point of the first schemes for the Rockefeller Center (1926–8), he proposed a semi-circular seating arrangement, to which he added galleries that projected from the proscenium into the seating area to break down the separation between audience and stage. In ...

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 28 January 1905, in Grays (Essex); died 21 May 2002, in Hemingford Grey (Cambridgeshire).

Painter, graphic artist, stage set designer, fabric designer, lithographer. Landscapes, figures, portraits.

Elisabeth Vellacott studied at Willesden School of Art from 1922 to 1925, and at the Royal College of Art in London ...