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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 26 June 1909, in Dijon; died 6 December 1996, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, engraver, draughtsman. Wall decorations, designs for mosaics, stained glass windows, tapestries, stage costumes and sets.

A pupil at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons in 1930, Bertholle studied in Paris from 1932-1934, and subsequently attended classes run by the painter Roger Bissière at the Académie Ranson, where he met his friends and associates Manessier, Etienne-Martin, Le Moal and Véra Pagava. He was artistic director of the Gien porcelain factory from 1943-1957, and taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1965-1980. He was a member of the Institut de France, a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur and a Commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. Initially an admirer of Puvis de Chavannes, whose work he had encountered at the city museum in Lyons, Bertholle later discovered Manet (at the Paris Exposition Universelle of 1932), and through the latter, Van Gogh and Renoir. Following his early, highly-coloured Expressionist period, Bertholle was greatly influenced by the Flemish fantasies of Breughel and Heironymus Bosch, and ultimately by the Surrealists - as may be seen in his painting of the ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 26 August 1922, in Boucau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques); died 26 December 1991, in St-Antoine (Gers).

Painter, monotype artist, pastellist, draughtsman, lithographer. Nudes, landscapes, still-lifes. Stage sets, designs for stained glass.

At the age of 15 Roland Bierge was taking evening classes in applied arts in Bayonne. As a painter, he was self-taught, discovering Van Gogh in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 1890, in Munich; died 1973, in Brunswick.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver (wood), graphic designer. Stage sets, posters, glass painting.

Between 1910 and 1914, Dexel studied art history in Munich. He began painting in 1912 after a trip to Florence. Dated 1914, ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 29 September 1935, in Philippeville, Algeria.

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, engraver, medallist, illustrator. Figures, landscapes. Wall decorations, designs for stained glass, postage stamps.

Irolla's figurative painting is traditional, depicting the skies of Champagne, its valleys, vineyards, village churches and streets. He executed stained glass windows (Châlons-sur-Marne), mural decorations (Vitry-le-François, St-Memmie, Châlons-sur-Marne) and numerous postage stamps. He also illustrated several books, notably ...

Article

Polish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 19 April 1869, in Ropczyce; died 1946, in Wadowice.

Painter, engraver. Allegorical subjects, portraits, interiors, still-lifes, landscapes. Stage sets, church decoration, designs for stained glass.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

Józef Mehoffer studied at the Cracow academy from 1887 to 1889...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1934, in Vierzon.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator. Scenes with figures. Stage sets, designs for stained glass.

Nouvelle Figuration.

Milet settled in Paris in 1954 and attended the engraving studio of Hayter. He works in a meticulous style, depicting the hostility of nature to an unsettling degree. His is a visionary universe, teeming with the hacked forms of skeletons, animals and symbols. He has created theatre sets and cartoons for stained glass windows. He has also executed illustrations for: ...

Article

Juliana Nedeva-Wegener

(b Kazanlŭk, Feb 19, 1897; d Sofia, Jan 25, 1927).

Bulgarian painter, stage designer, printmaker and stained-glass designer. At the time of his graduation in 1925 from the National Academy of Arts, Sofia, he had already had three successful solo exhibitions in which his interest in decorative paintings of ethnic themes was already apparent. He continued to work in a rather avant-garde style, painting Bulgarian folk themes that avoided the excesses of academic realism and ethnographic detail. He worked in a wide variety of media, executing figure compositions, portraits and landscapes that depict the romance and fantasy of Bulgarian folklore and mythology, as in St Elijah (distemper and ink, 1923; Sofia, priv. col.), a Rebec-player (watercolour, 1924; Sofia, N.A.G.) and Shepherds (India ink, 1926; Sofia, N.A.G.). He also painted frescoes and designed stained glass. In 1926, after returning from Italy and Austria, he held a further exhibition in Sofia and worked as senior scene-painter at the National Theatre (Naroden Teatâr Ivan Vazov) in Sofia, a position he held until his death in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 22 June 1923, in Flamicourt.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, sculptor, lithographer, illustrator. Designs for tapestries, designs for mosaics, designs for stained glass, stage sets.

Les Mains Èblouies.

Bernard Maurice Quentin arrived in Paris around 1940, where he studied painting, sculpture and architecture at the École des Arts Decoratifs and the École des Beaux-Arts. After World War II, during which he took part in the resistance, he became acquainted with Picasso through his visits to the Maison de la Pensée Francaise (House of French Thought) and his links with the Communist Party. From 1946, he was a regular figure in St-Germain-des-Prés, mingling with philosophers, poets, writers, painters and sculptors, comedians and musicians of existentialist, surrealist or other persuasion, which constituted at that time the core of Parisian intelligentsia, and becoming friends with Pierre Dmitrienko, Serge Rezvani and François Arnal....

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Born 2 February 1923, in Barcelona.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor, engraver, lithographer, illustrator, poet. Stage sets, designs for stained glass.

Albert Ràfols-Casamada learned drawing with his father, the painter Albert Ràfols y Culleres, then from 1942-1945 he studied architecture at the University of Barcelona, at the same time attending the Tarrega art school. He was self-taught as a painter and started to paint in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 May 1871, in Paris, France; died 13 February 1958, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, engraver, potter. Religious subjects, figures, landscapes. Stage sets, designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries.

Georges Rouault completed his primary education in 1885 and was apprenticed to stained-glass artists – first the Tamonis, then Hirsch. He received a direct offer from Albert Besnard for stained-glass windows for the School of Pharmacy to be made from his design sketches, but he refused out of loyalty to his employer. He was encouraged to consider painting as a career, having been introduced to the appreciation of art by his grandfather, Alexandre Champdavoine, who, modest white-collar worker though he was, knew and admired Honoré Daumier, Gustave Courbet, and Édouard Manet. Rouault achieved entry to the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1891, first in Elie Delaunay’s studio, then in Gustave Moreau’s (where he met Henri Matisse, Albert Marquet, Rudolf Lehmann, Henri Evenepoel, and others). Though he failed twice at the Prix de Rome, he won the Prix Chenavard in 1894 and, by 1900, he had obtained a mention and a bronze medal. In 1903, as Gustave Moreau’s executor, he became the curator of the Musée Gustave Moreau in Paris....

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active from 1919 and naturalised in France from 1947.

Born 11 February 1909, in Warneton (Flanders); died 5 May 1984, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, engraver, illustrator. Stage costumes and sets, murals, designs for mosaics, tapestries, and stained glass windows.

Gustave Singier's childhood was spent in war-torn Belgium under the German occupation. His father was a cabinet-maker and his mother a weaver. He started to paint in 1923, at the age of 14. He studied for three years at the École Boulle before going on to work (until 1936) as an interior architectural draughtsman and furniture designer, while painting in his free time. He met the painter Charles Walch, who encouraged him in his work and opened his eyes to his own potential as an artist painting from nature. He taught at the Académie Ranson in Paris from 1951 to 1954, then at the École des Beaux-Arts from 1967 to 1978....