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German architect, archaeologist and writer. He was one of the leading figures of Berlin’s architectural establishment in the latter half of the 19th century. On completion of his studies in 1852, he was given the prestigious post of Bauleiter at the Neues Museum in Berlin, designed by Friedrich August Stüler. He subsequently became a lecturer and in ...

Article

Lawrence E. Butler

American archaeologist and teacher. After receiving his MA in 1893 from Princeton University with a fellowship in archaeology, Butler studied architecture at Columbia University. From 1895 until his death he held various appointments at Princeton in architecture, archaeology, and art: his teaching of architecture as one of the fine arts led to the creation of the Princeton School of Architecture, of which he became the founding director in ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 1926, in Lesbos.

Painter. Landscapes.

Manolis Calliyannis began painting aged 15, and went on studying architecture until 1947. An pilot in the RAF during World War II, he then studied at the University of Johannesburg in South Africa and settled in Paris, where he exhibited for the first time in ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in England.

Born 1925.

Painter.

Michael Christos Caras studied architecture. He lived and worked in London from 1955. He created canvas reliefs by stretching canvases across different wooden frames.

He took part in collective exhibitions from 1960, including the European painting prize, Ostend (...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 18 December 1928, in Hanover, to Greek parents.

Painter, print artist.

The son of the famous architect Ioannis Despotopoulos, Rhigas Despotopoulos grew up on Chios, in the Ionian Islands, and was educated at the American College of Athens. In ...

Article

Anastasia N. Dinsmoor

American architect and Classical archaeologist. He studied architecture at Harvard University, graduating in 1906, and worked for three years in architectural practice. Architectural history claimed him, however, and he devoted his life to the study of Greek architecture, becoming one of the leaders in this field. He divided his time between teaching at Columbia University, where he received a PhD in ...

Article

Greek, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1866, in Athens.

Painter, architect.

Adolphos Gelbert settled in Paris in 1900 and trained at the École des Beaux-Arts.

Article

Dimitris Tsougarakis

Greek architect and archaeologist. He graduated from the National Polytechnic at Athens as an architect in 1908 and gained his doctorate from the University of Athens in 1915, having studied ancient Greek architecture with Wilhelm Dörpfeld (1853–1940), prehistoric archaeology with Georg Karo (...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 24 June 1878, in Alexandria, to Greek parents; died 1967.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman (including charcoal). Historical subjects, nudes, portraits, landscapes with figures, landscapes, architectural views, animals.

Constantin Parthenis studied in Vienna and then Paris. From 1930 to 1946, he taught at the fine arts school in Athens. He lived and worked in Corfu. An extremely discerning artist, Parthenis played an important role in the arts (particularly modern art) in Greece. Among other achievements, he fostered knowledge of Impressionism in Greece....

Article

Jordi Oliveras

Spanish Catalan architect, architectural historian, archaeologist and politician. He graduated from the Escuela Superior de Arquitectura, Barcelona, in 1891, afterwards working as a municipal architect in Mataró. In 1897 he began working as an independent architect in Barcelona, while also teaching at the Escuela Superior de Arquitectura and writing on architectural history. His first works as an architect, the Casa Martí (...

Article

Greek, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 16 February 1852, in Istanbul, Turkey; died 2 October 1909, in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman. Genre scenes, portraits, local figures, architectural subjects, interiors with figures, animals.

Theodoros Rallis (Théodore Jacques Ralli) studied in Paris under Gérôme and Lecomte du Nouy and at the École des Beaux-Arts. He travelled widely in the Middle East and North Africa, finding many sources of inspiration. He exhibited first in 1875 at the Paris Salon, and subsequently at the Salon des Artistes Français, of which he was a member. He received an honourable mention in 1885 and a silver medal in 1889 for the Exposition Universelle, and served as a member of the jury for the 1900 Exposition Universelle. He also exhibited at the Royal Academy in London from 1879. He was made a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 1901....

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active from 1948 to 1964 in France.

Born 6 August 1914, in Eleusis; died 26 January 1965, in Athens.

Painter. Stage costumes and sets.

An architecture graduate of the polytechnic school in Athens, Thanos Tsingos initially practised as an architect in Greece until the war, beginning to paint in 1932. He enlisted in the Greek army in 1939 and served until 1945. When the Germans reached Greece, he joined up with the allied forces in the Near East. After the war he spent time in Brazil where he worked with the architects who drew up the plans for Brasilia. He settled in Paris in 1948 and devoted himself to painting. He spent time regularly in Greece from 1958 and settled in Athens in 1964....

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Active in France after 1947 (naturalised French citizen 1965).

Born 29 May 1922, in Braila, Romania; died 4 February 2001, in Paris.

Sculptor. Architectural integration, stained glass designs.

Iannis Xenakis studied civil engineering at the Athens polytechnic but his studies were interrupted by World War II and then the civil war in Greece. In ...

Article

Greek, 20th century, male.

Born 1903, in Athens; died 2004.

Sculptor. Monuments.

George Zongolopoulos studied architecture and sculpture at the Athens School of Art. He then went to Paris, where he worked in the studio of Marcel Gimond, and to Italy. Until 1956 he worked mainly in marble and cast bronze but afterward turned to welded metal and plexiglass. His acute sense of space led him to create works for architectural settings, such as the fountains in Omonia Square, Athens, which he made in ...