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Odeion  

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[Lat. odeum]

Type of concert hall where musical performances and recitations took place in the Greek and Roman world; the word derives from ode (Gr.: ‘song’). The oldest known odeion was built for musical contests by Pericles (mid-5th century bc) at the foot of the Acropolis next to the Theatre of Dionysos. It was almost square (c. 68×62.4 m) and covered with a pyramidal roof, said to have been based upon the roof of the tent of Xerxes, King of Persia. The forest of columns needed to support the roof must have created visual and acoustic problems. There is no archaeological evidence for any other odeion until the 1st century bc, although there are many examples of a related type of building, the Bouleuterion or ekklesiasterion. The ekklesiasterion at Priene (c. 150 bc), for example, has rectilinear seating on three sides, while the bouleuterion at Miletos (c....

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Area in a theatre between the stage and the audience’s seating area. In the ancient Greek theatre this was a large circular space used by the chorus and dancers in the ancient Roman theatre it was semicircular and reserved as seating for distinguished spectators in the modern theatre it is a narrow space, usually sunken (the ‘pit’), for musicians....

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Parodos  

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Skene  

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