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Article

Cecile Johnson

American installation artist, painter, printmaker and sculptor. Bartlett studied at Mills College, Oakland, CA (1960–63), and at the Yale School of Art and Architecture, New Haven, CT (1964–5). The progressive approach to modern art taught at Yale and the nearby thriving art scene of New York were instrumental in her early development (...

Article

Lewis Kachur

French painter, collagist, draughtsman, printmaker and sculptor. His most important contribution to the history of art was his role in the development of what became known as Cubism. In this Braque’s work is intertwined with that of his collaborator Pablo Picasso, especially from 1908 to 1912...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1903, in Cologne-Lindenthal; died 1983.

Painter (mixed media), draughtsman, engraver. Figures.

Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity).

Gottfried Brockmann worked initially as an apprentice architect and studied painting in his spare time; as of 1922, he and his 'progressive' contemporaries exhibited in Cologne, Düsseldorf and Krefeld. He continued to follow courses at the fine arts academy in Düsseldorf and, by ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 3 August 1928, in Le Puy-en-Velay.

Sculptor (copper/brass/stone/plaster/bronze), draughtsman, watercolourist, collage artist, painter (including gouache), fresco artist, engraver. Figures. Monuments, architectural integration.

Henry Simon Comby studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons, and then under Fernand Léger and Jean Deyrolle in Paris. He moved to the Var in ...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1946.

Born 27 February 1922, in Bucharest.

Painter, lithographer, sculptor, sculptor of assemblages. Architectural views.

Horia Damian studied at the school of architecture in Bucharest for six months and after exhibiting at the official exhibition received the first prize in drawing. In ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 1941, in Prestatyn, Wales.

Sculptor, installation artist, draughtsman, engraver. Animals. Monuments.

New Image (related to), New British Sculpture.

Barry Flanagan originally studied architecture at Birmingham College of Art before working in a variety of occupations. He then studied at St Martin's in London, where his teachers included Anthony Caro. He graduated in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1912, in Ixelles (Brussels); died 1982.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, mixed media.

Henri Heerbrant was a student of architecture at the Académie St-Luc in Brussels but abandoned his studies in the final year to work as a draughtsman in various offices. He appears to have begun drawing for himself in ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Buenos Aires; died 1971.

Painter (mixed media), engraver, illustrator.

Nueva Figuración.

La Vega began by studying architecture. A self-taught painter, he was also a musician, poet and, in addition, an advertising agent. He travelled to Europe, notably France, lived for two years in the USA and studied at Cornell University....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active since 1983 active in France.

Born 1948, in Augusta (Georgia).

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, mixed media. Architectural views.

MacKendree studied philosophy and then visual arts at Georgia State University. He left the USA in 1975 to set up in Greece, and then in ...

Article

Estonian, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 26 August 1950, in Tallinn.

Architect, filmmaker, installation artist, performance artist, printmaker. Happenings. Conceptual Art.

Jüri Okas studied architecture at the Tallinn Art Institute from 1970 to 1974. From 1970 to 1976, Okas used an 8 mm movie camera as a means of observing Estonia’s urban environments and coastline, making at least 10 films. Meanwhile, he made numerous intaglio prints from his photographs and films, some of which documented happenings he organised with fellow architects Leonhard Lapin and Vilen Künnapu....

Article

Spanish, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active since 1980 in France.

Born 1954, in Madrid.

Painter (including mixed media), engraver. Still-lifes, flowers, architectural views, landscapes. Artists' books.

José María Sicilia was a pupil of architecture and then of painting at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid from ...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 31 January 1822, in Coburg (Bavaria); died 9 October 1888, in Coburg.

Lithographer, writer, architect.

A pupil at Karlsruhe Technical Collage, Streib published a series of lithographs of old Coburg.

Article

Spanish, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 13 December 1923, in Barcelona. Died 6 February 2012, in Barcelona.

Painter (including mixed media), collage artist, engraver, illustrator, sculptor, assemblage artist, ceramicist. Murals, architectural integration, designs for mosaics, stage sets.

Dau al Set (Seven-faced Die) Group.

After the long period, from the beginning of the Spanish Civil War to the end of World War II, during which manifestations of avant-garde art were practically forbidden in Spain, Antoni Tàpies became the first Spanish painter to achieve international reputation and give young Spanish artists the impetus that would allow them to take over from the generation of Pablo Picasso, Juan Gris, and Joan Miró. While a student, he had begun to show an interest in modern art and experimented with drawing and painting, although he had received no formal training. He began studying law in 1943 but continued to paint, abandoning law in 1946. In 1948, with a group of Barcelona writers and painters, he collaborated to the ...

Article

Marita Sturken

Culture of images and visuality that creates meaning in our world today. This includes media forms such as photography, film, television, and digital media; art media such as painting, drawing, prints, and installations; architecture and design; comic books and graphic novels; fashion design, and other visual forms including the look of urban life itself. It also encompasses such social realms as art, news, popular culture, advertising and consumerism, politics, law, religion, and science and medicine. The term visual culture also refers to the interdisciplinary academic field of study that aims to study and understand the role that images and visuality play in our society; how images, gazes, and looks make meaning socially, culturally, and politically; how images are integrated with other media; and how visuality shapes power, meaning, and identity in contemporary global culture....