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Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

Athena S. E. Leoussi

(b Villefranche, Rhône, 1872; d Paris, 1909).

French designer and lithographer. He began his training in Villefranche, where he studied painting, and in 1893 he moved to Paris, entering the Ecole Normale d’Enseignement du Dessin. There he became a pupil and disciple of Eugène-Samuel Grasset, the Professor of Decorative Arts, and was also influenced by Luc Olivier Merson. Berthon’s main output consisted of posters and decorative panels. However, he also produced bookbindings and furniture designs, both of which he exhibited at the Salon in 1895; designs for ceramics for Villeroy & Boch in the late 1890s; and a few designs for the covers of such magazines as L’Image (July 1897) and Poster (May 1899). His work is in an Art Nouveau style, and he adopted that movement’s plant and figural motifs, especially the motif of the femme fatale, and also its long sinuous lines. These features can be seen in such works as the poster ...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 31 July 1863, in Rolle (Vaud); died 1948, in Lausanne.

Painter, engraver, decorative artist. Figure compositions, figures, portraits. Murals, designs for stained glass, furniture.

Art Nouveau.

Ernest Bieler was the uncle of André Charles Bieler. He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris under Jules Lefebvre and Gustave Boulanger. He divided his time between the mountainous regions of the Valais and the shores of Lake Geneva; his body of work evokes the everyday life of the peasant communities in the Valais and the Canton of Vaud at the beginning of the twentieth century. Bieler was commissioned to paint compositions for the ceiling of the Victoria hall in Geneva; decorative panels and windows for the federal government building in Bern; stained glass windows for the Vevey church of St-Martin; and decorations for the vintners' festival. Additionally, he exhibited woodcut engravings and designed furniture....

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 May 1867, in Bruges, Belgium, to English parents; died 11 June 1956, in Ditchling.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Religious subjects, figure compositions, figures, local scenes (carnival), rustic scenes, urban landscapes, architectural views, urban views, harbour scenes, seascapes...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 6 March 1866, in Flensburg; died 5 January 1945, in Wiesbaden.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, decorative designer, graphic designer. Portraits, landscapes, urban landscapes, still-lifes, flowers, decorative motifs. Designs for carpets, designs (furniture/posters/jewellery/book-binding).

Jugendstil.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven)...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 22 January 1873, in Danzig (now Gdansk); died 23 December 1942, in Frankfurt am Main.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, graphic designer, interior designer. History painting, portraits, landscapes. Posters, designs (furniture/jewellery).

Jugendstil.

Darmstadt Artists' Colony.

Johann Vincenz Cissarz trained at the Dresden academy between ...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 19 November 1865, in Hamburg; died 11 June 1902, in Badenweiler.

Painter, decorative artist, illustrator, engraver, designer, ceramicist, textile designer. Portraits, landscapes, flowers. Designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries, ex-libris plates, advertising posters, fabrics, ceramics, metal objects, ironware, lamps, furniture, typefaces, jewellery, wallpaper...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 17 August 1861, in Darmstadt (Hesse); died 23 August 1945, in Pillnitz, near Dresden.

Painter, lithographer, engraver, illustrator, pastellist, decorative designer. Mythological subjects, genre scenes, landscapes.

Symbolism, Jugendstil.

Group of Eleven (Gruppe der Elf).

Ludwig von Hofmann was born into the wealthy middle class in Germany. His father was a senior adviser to Bismarck, and his uncle was the painter Johann Michael Heinrich Hofmann. Later, he would be taught by his uncle at the Kunstakademie, Dresden (1883-1886), but first he studied law. He completed his art education in the academies of Karlsruhe, under the supervision of Ferdinand Keller, from 1886 to 1888, and Munich. In 1889, he went to study at the Académie Julian in Paris, where he discovered Puvis de Chavannes and Albert Besnard. From 1891 to 1894, he lived in Berlin and Munich, and became interested in the work of Hugo von Marées, before moving to Rome. In 1892, he became a founder member of the Group of Eleven with Corinth, Liebermann, Skarbina and Leistikow, precursors of the Berlin Secession of 1899. In 1903, he became a professor at the Kunstakademie in Weimar, and in 1916 professor of mural art at the Kunstakademie Dresden, where he remained until 1931. He was a founder member of the Deutscher Künstlerbund (German Federation of Artists). 1918 saw the publication of a monograph by Edwin Redlob: ...

Article

Austrian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 July 1862, in Baumgarten, near Vienna; died 6 February 1918, in Vienna.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer, ceramicist, lithographer, illustrator. Figure compositions, allegorical subjects, figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes. Wall decorations, designs for tapestries, designs for mosaics, designs for jewellery...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 25 October 1865, in Bromberg (now Bydgoszcz, Poland); died 24 July 1908, in Schlachtensee (Berlin).

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, decorative designer, writer. Landscapes, landscapes with figures, waterscapes. Posters, designs for carpets, designs for tapestries, designs (wallpapers/book-binding)...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 27 September 1861, in Stargart; died 3 March 1918, in Berlin.

Painter, engraver, interior designer. Portraits, landscapes. Designs (jewels/glassware).

Symbolism, Jugendstil.

Wilhelm Lucas von Cranach was descended from the famous painter Lucas Cranach. He studied in Weimar under Leo Graf, Leopold von Kalckreuth and Ludwig von Gleichen-Russwurm, before completing his training in Paris. He opened a studio at the Weimar school of art, lived in Berlin from ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 24 November 1864, in Albi; died 9 September 1901, in Château de Malromé (Gironde).

Painter, ceramicist, printmaker (lithography), draughtsman, caricaturist, illustrator, decorative designer. Genre scenes, portraits, figures, nudes, animals. Designs for stained glass.

Japonisme, Art Nouveau.

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was the son of Count Alphonse de Toulouse-Lautrec Monfa and Countess Toulouse-Lautrec Monfa, née Adèle Tapié de Céleyran. Toulouse-Lautrec’s father had a typically aristocratic love of art and sport, above all hunting (he reared falcons on his estates and even brought them with him to Paris). The young Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was in all probability destined to follow in his father’s footsteps until, within a period of one year, between 1878 and 1879, he broke first one thighbone, then the other. Despite both the medical care he received and extended convalescence, his legs atrophied (probably the result of calcium deficiency) and he was left unable to walk properly, let alone indulge in sports. As an antidote to long periods of inactivity and boredom, he began to draw and paint, as his father, uncles, and grandfather had done before him – albeit out of choice, rather than necessity....