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American, 20th century, male.

Born 1882, in Columbus (Ohio); died 1925, in New York.

Painter, illustrator, lithographer. Figure compositions, portraits.

Group of Eight (Ashcan School).

George Wesley Bellows was a student of William Chase, Kenneth Hays Miller and, especially, Robert Henri, whose private courses he attended in 1904. He was one of the youngest members of the Ashcan School, of which Henri was the chief mover and theoretician, which found its subjects in scenes of unadorned urban street life, with its noises, smells and dirt. He was often inspired by Thomas Eakins, though in choice of subjects rather than style. He featured in an exhibition of the National Academy of Design in New York, where he obtained a prize in 1908 and became a member in 1909. He took part as a representative of American Realist artists in the organisation of the Armory Show in 1914, which was unquestionably the defining artistic event in the USA in the early 20th century. He also belonged to a group within American artistic society known as the Fifteen Group. In 1920 and 1925, he was briefly one of the Woodstock Group, and bought a house in that town....


American, 19th–20th century, male.

Born 26 September 1862, in Utica (New York); died 1928, in Florence.

Painter, illustrator, engraver, watercolourist. Allegorical subjects, genre scenes, figures, nudes, landscapes.

The Eight (Ashcan School).

Arthur Bowen Davies first studied art at the Academy of Design in Chicago in 1878. He then spent two years in Mexico as an industrial draughtsman (1880–1882). On his return to the USA he studied at the Art Institute of Chicago in 1882 with Roy Robertson and Charles Corwin (1882–1886). Four years later he went to New York, where he worked as a magazine illustrator and studied at the Art Students League. In 1893 he made a study trip to Europe, where he encountered Whistler, Delacroix, the Pre-Raphaelites and some Italian painters. In the early years of the 20th century, under the influence of Robert Henri, many painters not only strove to represent reality as it was but also were keen to depict social contexts with a militant desire for verism, showing the background to the things and people they were painting. Among these artists, in 1907 Luks, Sloan and Glackens had the works they submitted to the National Academy of Design rejected. Robert Henri, himself a member of the Academy, withdrew his own work from the exhibition in protest. The following year these four artists were joined by Arthur Davies, Everett Shinn, Maurice Brazil Prendergast and Ernest Lawson in presenting a group exhibition of their own. The group continued to exhibit under the name the...


American, 19th–20th century, male.

Born 2 August 1871, in Lock Haven (Pennsylvania); died 7 September 1951, in Hanover (New Hampshire).

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Figures, nudes, landscapes, landscapes with figures.

Group: The Eight (Ashcan School).

John Sloan studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, from 1892 to 1894. He sold his first canvas at the age of 14. He regularly worked as an illustrator for newspapers such as the ...