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Article

Lebanese, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 12 August 1943, in Beirut.

Engraver, painter, illustrator.

Assadour Bezdikian left Lebanon at the age of 18; he studied at the Pietro Vannucci academy in Perugia during the summer months of 1962, 1963 and 1964, then from 1964 to 1970...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active in London.

Born 10 March 1903, in Braintree (Essex); died 21 November 1989, in Saffron Walden (Essex).

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, illustrator, printmaker, graphic designer. Military subjects, rustic scenes, landscapes, seascapes, harbour scenes, architectural views, church interiors. Decorative panels.

Edward Bawden studied at Cambridge School of Art ...

Article

Algerian, 20th century, male.

Active in France since 1953.

Born 1931, in Mestghanem.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, painter (gouache), watercolourist. Designs for tapestries.

Abdallah Benanteur began his artistic studies at the school of fine art in Oran, completing them at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris. He settled in Paris in 1953. From 1972 to 1976, he taught in the architecture department of the École des Beaux-Arts and at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris....

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 May 1867, in Bruges, Belgium, to English parents; died 11 June 1956, in Ditchling.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Religious subjects, figure compositions, figures, local scenes (carnival), rustic scenes, urban landscapes, architectural views, urban views, harbour scenes, seascapes...

Article

Donald A. Rosenthal

(b Bordeaux, July 16, 1804; d Paris, Feb 18, 1868).

French painter, illustrator and writer. His early training was as a theatrical scene painter and a designer of lithographic illustrations. In Bordeaux he studied with Pierre Lacour (ii) (1778–1859) and worked with Thomas Olivier (1772–1839), chief scene designer at the Grand-Théâtre. He subsequently studied in Paris in the studio of the landscape and history painter Julien-Michel Gué (1789–1843) and worked for the decorators of the Théâtre Italien.

From 1827 Dauzats provided lithographic designs for Isidore-Justin-Séverin Taylor’s series Voyages pittoresques et romantiques dans l’ancienne France (1820–78). He travelled in the French provinces, particularly Champagne, Dauphiné and Languedoc, often sketching the medieval monuments that had come into vogue during the Romantic period.

Dauzats also collaborated on lithographs for many other publications, including Taylor’s Voyage en Orient. For this last project Dauzats travelled to Egypt, Syria, Palestine and Turkey in 1830, a trip that he described in his book ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active from 1926 in France.

Born 27 December 1901, in London; died 4 May 1988, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, portraits, landscapes.

Surrealism.

London Group.

Stanley William Hayter was a painter's son who studied science at King's College, London, taking degrees in organic chemistry and geology. From 1922 to 1925, he worked for the Anglo-Iranian Oil Co. in Abadan, but then decided to abandon this career for art. In 1926, he settled in Paris, remaining there apart from his many journeys abroad and the years 1940 to 1950 which he spent in the USA. In Paris, he attended the Académie Julian, studying under the Polish engraver Joseph Hecht and Jacques Villon. In 1927, he set up his own studio in the Rue du Moulin Vert, open to all comers and to all kinds of research, later, in 1933, moving to 17 Rue Campagne Première, which became known as Atelier 17. Many of the great artists of the time joined him there, including Miró, Arp, Tanguy, Giacometti, Matta, Brauner, Kandinsky, Vieira da Silva, Alechinsky, Courtin, Ubac, as well as André Masson, with whom he explored automatic drawing. In the USA in the 1940s, Hayter came into contact with other European and American painters, such as Pollock, Rothko, Motherwell, Gorky and Baziotes. Subsequently, he returned to Paris and, in 1972, was awarded the Grand Prix of the City of Paris for his engraved work....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active since 1969 active in Venezuela then in Italy.

Born 13 May 1942, in Essen; died 1981.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator.

From 1961 to 1967, Georg Klusemann studied at the Staatliche Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf under Theo Otto in his stage design and painting workshop. He practised engraving between ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 1801; died 1876.

Draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, writer. Figures, scenes with figures, local scenes, costume studies.

Edward William Lane was trained in engraving. Recognised as a great scholar in the Arab world and an excellent artist, he was above all a man with a passion for Egypt, which he discovered between ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 26 July 1825, in Carpentras (Vaucluse); died 5 May 1901, in St-Didier (Vaucluse).

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator. Portraits, landscapes.

Orientalism.

After receiving guidance from his brother, the painter Jean Joseph Bonaventure Laurens, Jules Joseph studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Montpellier, then in Paris, at the studio of Paul Delaroche. From 1846 to 1849 he accompanied a geographical, scientific and historical mission to Turkey and Persia. He acquired a reputation as an orientalist on his return to Paris. A member of a circle of artistic celebrities, his friends included Victor Hugo. Laurens exhibited at the Paris Salon, receiving a third-class medal for lithography in 1853 and a third-class medal for painting in 1857, a further third-class for lithography in 1859, a second-class for lithography in 1861 and a medal for painting at the Exposition Universelle of 1867. He was made a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 1868. He also wrote and illustrated articles on the Middle East for publications including ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 15 November 1924, in Montrouge near Paris.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Designs for stained glass.

In 1941 Philippe Lejeune became a pupil in Maurice Denis' Atelier d'Art Sacré. He was a great traveller and journeyed round the world, spending time in the Middle East and living in the South Pacific, before settling near Paris in Estampes, where he was curator of the museum....

Article

(b Najaf, 1944).

Iraqi calligrapher, painter, printmaker and writer, active in Paris (see fig.). He studied painting and calligraphy in Baghdad from 1960 to 1969, and in 1969 exhibited his work at the Iraqi Artists’ Society exhibition and at the French Cultural Centre in Baghdad. The same year he went to Paris and studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts until 1975. Thereafter he lived in Paris. Although influenced by traditional calligraphy, he developed his own calligraphic style, which incorporated painterly elements. In many of his works, for example Je suis le feu tapi dans la pierre. Si tu es de ceux qui font jailler l’étincelle alors frappe (1984; Paris, Inst. Monde Arab.), he employed proverbs and quotations from a range of sources. He also researched and wrote about Arabic calligraphy.

Article

Mirak  

Persian School, 15th century, male.

Died 1507.

Painter, calligrapher, illuminator, engraver. Miniatures.

Mirak was the master of Bihzad, the most famous Persian painter of miniatures. Little else is known of his life or works, except that he practised martial arts and was probably responsible for some of the miniature paintings in the luxury illuminated copy of the poet Nizami’s ...

Article

Iranian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1950, in Lahijan.

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, pastellist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Landscapes, fruit, flowers.

Farhad Ostovani was born in northern Iran and started painting at the age of 12 with a traditional master. He went on to study fine arts at Tehran University from ...

Article

American, 19th–20th century, male.

Active from 1891 in France.

Born 21 June 1859, in Pittsburgh; died 25 May 1937, in Paris.

Painter, illustrator, pastellist, watercolourist, engraver, photographer. Religious subjects, genre scenes, harbour views, landscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes, animals.

Symbolism.

Tanner’s father was the minister of the African Methodist Episcopal Church in Pittsburgh, then in Philadelphia from 1866, and became Superintendent of his Church in 1888. His mother, Sarah Miller, had escaped slavery during her childhood, getting to Pittsburgh through the network called the Underground Railway. She set up a school in her own house for the children of the community. Tanner studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts from 1880 to 1882 under Thomas Eakins (Eakins did a portrait of Tanner in 1900). He became an illustrator, notably for ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 June 1861, in Lyons; died 27 April 1943, in Treignac.

Painter, illustrator, lithographer, watercolourist. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, waterscapes, seascapes. Murals, designs for tapestries.

Edmond Tapissier studied under Jean-Baptiste Chatigny in Lyons, and under Alexandre Cabanel and Fernand Cormon at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He spent time in St Petersburg and then visited Italy, Greece and the Middle East. Tapissier was appointed as a naval painter in ...

Article

Lebanese, 20th century, female.

Active in France.

Born 1923, in Beirut; died 1985, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Landscapes, flowers.

Solange Tarazi left the Lebanon for Paris, where she studied under Yves Brayer at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière. In 1971 she spent time in Iran. Her painting is based on memories and nostalgia for the East. Technically, she favoured fluid, transparent materials, including watercolours. An elliptical, allusive design bordering on abstraction may be enough to identify an environment - an intimate garden or vast horizon - since her main interest lay in creating chromatic harmonies, starting with a dominant blue and breaking into sunny hues with the use of reds and oranges....

Article

Blanca García Vega

(b Málaga, Aug 15, 1821; d Madrid, Feb 19, 1882).

Spanish lithographer, illustrator and painter. In 1859 he enlisted for the African Campaign in Morocco, and the studies he did in Africa led to drawings for an atlas of the battles in Africa (Madrid, 1860), as well as those for Crónicas de la guerra de Africa (Madrid, 1859) by Emilio Castelar and for Diario (Madrid, 1859–60) by the novelist Pedro Antonio de Alarcón (1833–91). He promoted a section for lithography at the Escuela de Artes y Oficios in Madrid. An excellent portraitist, he also made numerous drawings and illustrations for newspapers, royal chronicles and for Iconografia española (Madrid, 1855–64) by Valentín Carderera y Solano, as well as lithographs of bullfights. He provided decorative works for various public buildings in Madrid and the provinces.

A. Canovas: Pintores malaqueños del siglo XIX (Málaga, 1908) A. Gallego: Historia del grabado en España (Madrid, 1979), p. 356 E. Paez Rios...