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Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active also active in England.

Born 25 July 1881 or en 1878, in Ukkel; died 1953.

Watercolourist, engraver, illustrator, draughtsman.

Symbolism.

Jean de Bosschère was a multi-faceted artist whose work constitutes a bridge between literature and the graphic arts. He divided his time between Belgium, France, Italy and especially England, where he lived for many years. From ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 4 December 1883, in Novara (Piedmont); died 1 March 1963, in Turin.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, urban landscapes, landscapes with figures, figures, portraits, still-lifes.

Symbolism, Pittura Metafisica (Metaphysical Painting), Novecento Italiano, Magic Realism.

Felice Casorati was the son of an officer. Though he studied law at Padua, he also studied music and painting. He first painted by himself, before turning to the Paduan painter, Giovanni Vianello, for advice. His first exhibit was at the Venice Biennale in 1907. He was considered one of the protagonists, if not the leader, of the Italian Symbolist movement, which at that time included Alberto Martini, Carra, Romolo Romani and Russolo. The group was much influenced by the Viennese Secessionists, French Symbolism, and English artists such as Aubrey Beardsley. The wish to establish a modern Italian painting movement in tune with new trends abroad became apparent at the group's exhibit at the Ca' Pesaro in Venice in 1913. There, Casorati exhibited some 40 works. It is noteworthy that in 1913, the reference to the 'New Style' was somewhat outdated, given that Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism, and the beginnings of Abstraction had already appeared elsewhere. Nevertheless, it was this dynamic imperative of the group that gave rise to Futurism, which itself would engender ( ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 16 August 1867, in Lunéville; died 28 October 1949, in Bourg-la-Reine.

Painter, engraver, illustrator.

Symbolism.

School of Pont-Aven (certain similarities).

Paul-Émile Colin was self-taught. He studied and practised medicine for a number of years before enrolling at the Académie Colarossi in ...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1861, in Lille; died 1938, in Ghent.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, graphic designer. Figure compositions.

Symbolism.

Charles Doudelet studied music at the Ghent conservatory and sculpture at the Ghent school of industrial art and design. He lived abroad for many years, mostly in Italy. He was a member of the artistic group ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 August 1870, in Paris; died 1950.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, engraver. Religious subjects, figures, nudes, genre scenes, still-lifes. Murals.

Symbolism.

Groupe Libre Esthétique.

From the beginning of his career it was a constant concern of Georges d'Espagne to assert his originality. His studies at the École des Arts Décoratifs, Paris, did not last very long, for he wanted immediate independence and decided to follow courses in the private academies of Montparnasse. In about 1900, he became acquainted with Maurice Denis, Bonnard and Vuillard, and his collaboration with Denis led to a renewal of religious art in France....

Article

Finnish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 26 or 29 May 1865, in Pori, 26 April according to some sources; died 7 March 1931, in Stockholm.

Painter, pastellist, fresco artist, engraver, illustrator. Genre scenes, portraits, landscapes.

Symbolism.

Akseli Gallen-Kallela began his studies at the Finnish fine arts school in Helsinki in ...

Article

Dutch, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1868 or 1869, in Amsterdam; died 1938, in Amsterdam.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, fresco artist. Designs for stained glass, murals.

Symbolism, Constructivism.

Holst studied at the Hogeschool voor de Kunsten in Amsterdam from 1885 until 1890 and taught there ...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 9 February 1863, in Tägerwilen; died 12 August 1956, in Bern.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, illustrator. Landscapes, flowers, animals.

Symbolism.

Die Walze group.

Kreidolf was a lithographer's apprentice in Constance from 1879 to 1883, and then studied under Gabriel von Hackl and Ludwig von Löfftz at the art academy in Munich. He settled in Switzerland during World War I in 1916. Later, he continued his training by studying nature in the Bavarian countryside for several years. In addition to landscape painting, he was a talented illustrator of children's books based on animals and flowers, collections of poetry, and literary and scientific works, including: ...

Article

Austrian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 22 November 1864, in Vienna; died 9 February 1918, in Vienna.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, watercolourist, pastellist. Mythological subjects, figure compositions, portraits, still-lifes.

Symbolism.

Wilhelm List studied under Christian Griepenkerl at the academy in Vienna from 1885 until 1889 and then at the academy in Munich, after which he spent time in Bouguereau's studio in Paris. Along with Klimt, he was one of the founders of the Vienna ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 19 September 1913, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Figures, portraits, landscapes, flowers. Church decoration, stage sets.

Symbolism.

The son of Roger Maillart, the painter, and grandson of Diogène Maillart, Jean Denis studied under Devandez and Orthon Friez. He was awarded the Médaille de Vermeil de la Ville de Paris in ...

Article

German, 20th century, female.

Born 1935, in Münster.

Painter, draughtswoman, lithographer. Artists' books.

Symbolism.

Rune Mields is a self-taught artist who started out as a bookseller but turned to drawing after the birth of her four children. She has lived and worked in Cologne since ...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 30 August 1866, in Ghent; died 1941, in Laethem-St-Martin.

Sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator. Figures. Groups, busts.

Symbolism.

Laethem-St-Martin Group (First School).

Georges Minne's father was anxious that his son follow in his footsteps and, as a result, Minne started out studying architecture at the academy in Ghent. He abandoned his architectural studies at the age of 18, however, opting instead to sculpt and engrave. He studied under Jean-Joseph Delvin and Théodore Joseph Canneel at the academy in Ghent. He spent time in Paris in 1891 and was confirmed in his early endeavours by his friends, the Belgian Symbolist poets Emile Verhaeren and Maurice Maeterlinck, and the Flemish poet Georges Rodenbach. He was invited by the ...

Article

Polish, 19th century, male.

Born 6 February 1866, in Warsaw; died 5 January 1895, in Warsaw.

Painter, engraver, watercolourist, illustrator. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Symbolism.

Podkovinski studied at the Warsaw academy from 1882 to 1885 and at the St Petersburg academy from 1885 to 1886...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 12 February 1889, in St-Gilles-lez-Bruxelles; died 6 September 1927, in Algiers.

Painter, pastellist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer. Figures, portraits.

Symbolism.

Walter Louis Émile Sauer studied under Montald, Jean Delville and Emile Fabry at the fine arts academy in Brussels and also took special courses in the art of Japanese printing. He painted female portraits that are both sensuous and withdrawn, a combination which imparts an uncommon inscrutability to his work. In 1921 he provided illustrations for Limbosch's ...

Article

Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 7 January 1865, in St Petersburg; died 22 November 1911, in Moscow.

Painter, illustrator, designer. Mythological subjects, genre scenes, portraits, landscapes. Stage sets.

Art Nouveau, Symbolism.

Peredvizhniki (Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions), Abramtsevo Artists’ Colony.

The son of the composer Alexander Serov and the musician Valentina Bergman, ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 July 1924, in Rheims.

Painter, watercolourist, lithographer, sculptor, illustrator. Designs for tapestries, designs for stained glass.

Symbolism.

Luc Simon was born into the Simon family, who were masters of stained glass in Rheims for ten generations. He studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris. He spent some time in Tunisia and travelled across Africa in the steps of Arthur Rimbaud. In ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 27 February 1871, in St Joost-ten-Node; died 1946.

Painter, draughtsman, pastellist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Historical subjects, figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes, waterscapes, flowers.

Symbolism.

Groupe Le Sillon.

Gustave Stevens studied with Jean Portaëls at the Brussels academy and with Fernand Cormon in Paris. He was one of the founders of the ...

Article

Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 11 November 1868, in Cherkassy; died 1939, in Peterhof.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, illustrator.

Symbolism.

Viktor Zamirailo trained under of Nikolai Murashko at the school of fine art in Kiev. He painted murals for Kirillov Church and for St Vladimir Cathedral in Kiev and also worked as a book illustrator. He was influenced by Mikail Wrubel....