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Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 1930, in Vienna.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, sculptor, collage artist, decorative designer. Scenes with figures, figures. Stage sets.

Groups: Hundsgruppe (Dog’s group), Phantastischer Realismus group.

Ernst Fuchs enrolled at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna in 1945. From 1946 to 1950, he was a pupil of Gütersloh, whom Salvador Dalí considered the most important painter of his time (after himself). In around 1950, he was one of the founders of the Viennese ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1939, in Antwerp.

Painter, engraver, illustrator.

André Goezu attended the academies in Brussels and Antwerp. His output, somewhat Symbolist, belongs to Fantastic Realism.

Brussels (Bibliothèque royale Albert Ier, Prints Collection)

Rome (Accademia Belga)

Lokeren, 11 March 1995...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Engraver, draughtsman, illustrator.

Gaston Goor was active between 1925 and 1952. A traditional artist, his realist style played on the effects of light and shade. He created several book covers, notably for Roger Peyrefitte, and also illustrated books, including: Writers and Artists...

Article

Helen A. Cooper

(b Boston, MA, Feb 24, 1836; d Prout’s Neck, ME, Sept 29, 1910).

American painter, illustrator and etcher. He was one of the two most admired American late 19th-century artists (the other being Thomas Eakins) and is considered to be the greatest pictorial poet of outdoor life in the USA and its greatest watercolourist (see fig.). Nominally a landscape painter, in a sense carrying on Hudson River school attitudes, Homer was an artist of power and individuality whose images are metaphors for the relationship of Man and Nature. A careful observer of visual reality, he was at the same time alive to the purely physical properties of pigment and colour, of line and form, and of the patterns they create. His work is characterized by bold, fluid brushwork, strong draughtsmanship and composition, and particularly by a lack of sentimentality.

Homer was the second of three sons of Charles Savage Homer, a hardware importer, and Henrietta Benson Homer, a gifted amateur watercolourist. Brought up in Cambridge, MA, where he attended school, he had an active outdoor boyhood that left a lifelong liking for the country. An independent, strong-willed young man, he showed an early preference for art and was encouraged in his interest by both parents. Like a number of self-educated American artists, Homer was first known as an illustrator. At 19 he became an apprentice at the lithographic firm of ...

Article

Bulgarian, 20th century, male.

Born 1903.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. History painting.

Petrov Ilya taught at the school of fine art in Sofia and worked as an official artist. His compositions, in a Realist style, are filled with figures portraying scenes from history.

Sofia (Nacionalna chudozestvena galerija): ...

Article

British, 18th century, male.

Died c. 1795, in London.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator. Flowers, animals.

A naturalist, William Lewin was the brother of John William Lewin. He featured at the Free Society of Artists in 1764 and 1782 with drawings and paintings of flowers. He published the following works with original engravings: ...

Article

Jens Christian Jensen

(Friedrich Erdmann von)

(b Breslau, Silesia [now Wrocław, Poland], Dec 8, 1815; d Berlin, Feb 9, 1905).

German painter, draughtsman, illustrator, printmaker, and teacher. He was the most important artist working in Berlin in the second half of the 19th century and in his later years was one of the most successful and respected artists in Germany. Living virtually all his life in Berlin, he executed numerous paintings and illustrations relating to events in Prussia’s recent history and was the foremost chronicler of the life of Frederick the Great (reg 1740–86). Through his portraits and industrial scenes and his more intimate studies of interiors and local religious events he became one of the greatest German proponents of Realism (see Realism, §3).

He was the son of Carl Erdmann Menzel (d 1832), the head of an educational institute in Breslau, who abandoned his profession in 1818 to establish a lithographic printing works. In 1827, at age 12, Adolph Menzel exhibited a drawing and in ...

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Born 1761, in Dresden; died 1798, in Leipzig.

Engraver, illustrator.

In 1782, Johann Salomo Richter accompanied the naturalist Leske in his travels across the Lusatian mountains, and illustrated his book entitled Voyage Across Saxony, published in 1785.

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Born 1912, in Chengdu (Sichuan); died 1964.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Scenes with figures.

Zhang Yangxi was a woodcut engraver of the Realist school. He studied at Chengdu and in 1945 was appointed art editor of the Chengdu Ziyu Huabao, an illustrated weekly specialising in social satire. He was appointed chairman of the print-making department of the Central Academy of Fine Art (CAFA) in ...