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Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 10 March 1871, in Waidhofen-am-Ybbs; died 19 May 1956, in Vienna.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator. Genre scenes. Toys.

Art Nouveau.

Secession group.

Andri studied under Julius Berger and Edouard Lichtenfels at the Venice Academy, then, from 1892, under Claus Meyer at Karlsruhe Academy, before returning to settle in Venice. In ...

Article

Phillip Dennis Cate

[Georges] (Hulot)

(b Beauvais, April 26, 1863; d Paris, Feb 6, 1938).

French illustrator, typographical designer, writer and printmaker . He went to Paris in 1883 to pursue a literary career. His first humorous essays were published that year in the Chat Noir journal. He was introduced to the many avant-garde artists and writers who frequented the Chat Noir cabaret in Montmartre and contributed to the journal. Of these Henri Rivière and Eugène Grasset were especially important to his artistic development, Rivière coaching Auriol in drawing while Grasset introduced him to typographical design. Auriol’s close association with Rivière culminated in the latter’s album of lithographs, Les Trente-six Vues de la Tour Eiffel (1902; for illustration see Japonisme), for which Auriol designed the decorative cover, end-papers and typography.

Auriol served as writer, illustrator and editor of the Chat Noir for ten years (1883–93). He produced book covers for the Chat-Noir Guide (1888) and the two-volume Les Contes du Chat Noir...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1 October 1879, in Weimar; died 12 September 1958, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, engraver, illustrator. Ex-libris plates.

Jugendstil.

Marcus Behmer was self-taught. He was influenced by Beardsley, Stuck and the rigour of Behrens. The subtlety of his brushstrokes highlights his strange compositions in which animals and fantasy beings are often combined in erotic postures. He provided numerous drawings for a variety of magazines ( ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active also active in Japan.

Born 1860, in Paris; died 1927.

Painter, engraver (etching), illustrator, poster artist.

Japonisme, Art Nouveau.

At a very young age, Georges Ferdinand Bigot trained under Jean-Léon Gérôme (1824-1904) and Carolus-Durand (1837-1917) at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He learnt etching with Félix Buhot and collaborated on the journal ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 13 May 1867, in Bruges, Belgium, to English parents; died 11 June 1956, in Ditchling.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, illustrator. Religious subjects, figure compositions, figures, local scenes (carnival), rustic scenes, urban landscapes, architectural views, urban views, harbour scenes, seascapes...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1 February 1872, in Frankenhausen-am-Kyffhäuser.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator. Military subjects.

Jugendstil.

Hugo L. Braune studied at the Weimar school of art, where his teachers were Theodor Hagen and Karl Walter Leopold von Kalckreuth. He lived in Berlin and during World War I became a painter of military subjects. He illustrated many different German books, including Grimm's ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 3 September 1878, in Strasbourg; died 18 April 1947, in Munich.

Painter, graphic designer, draughtsman, interior designer, illustrator, engraver (wood). Designs for tapestries, ex-libris plates, posters, designs (wallpaper/jewellery).

Jugendstil.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven). Darmstadt Artists' Colony.

Paul Bürck was apprenticed to a decorative painter in Munich, and was also able to attend the Kunstgewerbeschule (school of industrial art and design). He was one of the first artists to be invited to the Mathildenhöhe artists' colony in Darmstadt between ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 22 January 1873, in Danzig (now Gdansk); died 23 December 1942, in Frankfurt am Main.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, graphic designer, interior designer. History painting, portraits, landscapes. Posters, designs (furniture/jewellery).

Jugendstil.

Darmstadt Artists' Colony.

Johann Vincenz Cissarz trained at the Dresden academy between ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 8 or 18 September 1870, in Nuremberg; died 13 March 1957, in Munich.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer, engraver. History painting. Ex-libris plates, posters, murals, designs for mosaics, designs (ceramics/typefaces/glassware).

Jugendstil.

Julius Diez was the nephew of the painter Wilhelm von Diez. He was a pupil of Ferdinand Barth and Rudolf von Seitz at the Kuntsgewerbeschule in Munich between ...

Article

German, 19th century, male.

Born 19 November 1865, in Hamburg; died 11 June 1902, in Badenweiler.

Painter, decorative artist, illustrator, engraver, designer, ceramicist, textile designer. Portraits, landscapes, flowers. Designs for stained glass, designs for tapestries, ex-libris plates, advertising posters, fabrics, ceramics, metal objects, ironware, lamps, furniture, typefaces, jewellery, wallpaper...

Article

Laurie A. Stein

(b Hamburg, Nov 19, 1865; d Badenweiler, June 11, 1902).

German designer, illustrator and painter. He trained as a businessman before entering the Kunst- und Gewerbeschule in Hamburg. He studied at the Kunst- und Gewerbeschule in Nuremberg and from 1885 attended the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Munich. His early paintings are naturalistic landscapes but around 1890 he shifted towards Symbolism (e.g. the Four Ages of Life, 1893–4; untraced). In 1894 he decided to devote himself to the decorative arts. Encouraged by Justus Brinckmann, a collector and museum director, and Friedrich Deneken (later Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Museum, Krefeld), Eckmann studied the Japanese woodcut collection at the Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, Hamburg. Using traditional Japanese techniques, he began producing his own woodcut designs in 1895. Three Swans on Dark Water (1895; Hamburg, Mus. Kst & Gew.) reflects a general preoccupation with late 19th-century music, art and literature with swans as symbolic images, and they were a frequent motif in many of his subsequent works. Eckmann’s woodcuts, as well as ornamental borders, vignettes, bookplates and other graphic designs, were illustrated in such periodicals as ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 16 October 1878, in Hohensalza; died 3 February 1965, in Seefeld/Obb.

Architect, typographer, illustrator, engraver, writer. Designs (book-binding).

Jugendstil.

Fritz Hellmut Ehmcke trained in lithography in Berlin between 1893 and 1897 and became a professional lithographer. He joined the applied arts teaching institution at the Kunstgewerbemuseum in Berlin. He taught at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Düsseldorf, and at the Staatschule für Angewandte Kunst in Munich. In ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 2 November 1873, in Stettin (now Szczecin, Poland); died 8 February 1955, in Bayerischzell.

Painter, engraver (wood), illustrator. Ex-libris plates.

Jugendstil.

Fritz August Gottfried Endell was the son of the architect Karl Friedrich Endell (1843-1891) and the brother of August Endell, who was also an architect. He went to Munich in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 6 September 1868, in Paris, to Belgian and Dutch parents; died 26 November 1943, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, engraver, lithographer, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator, designer. Scenes with figures, figures, landscapes. Designs for tapestries, and stained glass windows.

Symbolism, Japonisme, Art Nouveau...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 23 November 1883, in Horn near Lippe (North Rhine-Westphalia).

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, engraver. Portraits, landscapes.

Jugendstil.

Wilhelm Giese studied at the Kunstschule in Weimar between 1900 and 1904, and perhaps also at the Kunstgewerbeschule. Certainly, he was active in Weimar up to 1905. He joined the Secession. Working as an etcher, he produced portraits and became renowned for his views of Magdeburg and the banks of the Elbe, as well as views of Berlin ( ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 15 February 1883, in Marktheidenfeld; died 15 February 1964, in Nuremberg.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator. Landscapes with figures, landscapes. Designs (ex-libris/fabrics/furniture/porcelain).

Jugendstil.

After losing his mother at a very early age, Hermann Gradl was brought up by his father's family, with one of his cousins, Hermann Gradl Sr, a Jugendstil artist who was highly thought of at the time. He was first trained at the Städtische Gewerbeschule, Munich, then in ...

Article

Phillip Dennis Cate

(b Lausanne, May 25, 1841; d Paris, Oct 23, 1917).

French illustrator, decorative artist and printmaker of Swiss birth. Before arriving in Paris in the autumn of 1871, Grasset had been apprenticed to an architect, attended the Polytechnic in Zurich and travelled to Egypt. In Paris he found employment as a fabric designer and graphic ornamentalist, which culminated in his first important project, the illustrations for Histoire des quatre fils Aymon (1883). Grasset worked in collaboration with Charles Gillot, the inventor of photo-relief printing and an influential collector of Oriental and decorative arts, in the production of this major work of Art Nouveau book design and of colour photomechanical illustration. Grasset used a combination of medieval and Near Eastern decorative motifs to frame and embellish his illustrations, but most importantly he integrated text and imagery in an innovative manner which has had a lasting influence on book illustration.

In 1881 he was commissioned by Rodolphe Salis to design furnishing in a medieval style for the latter’s new Chat Noir cabaret in Montmartre. This project brought him in direct contact with Montmartre avant-garde artists such as Adolphe Willette, Théophile-Alexandre Steinlen, Henri Rivière and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. Grasset’s numerous posters include ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active from 1933 in Sweden.

Born 28 February 1867, in Leipzig; died 26 January 1948, in Stockholm.

Sculptor, painter, draughtsman, engraver, caricaturist, illustrator, poster artist. Portraits, scenes with figures, landscapes.

Jugendstil.

Thomas Theodor Heine was a student of Carl Janssen at the Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf. He settled in Munich in 1889. Here he formed an association with a group of painters which included Lovis Corinth, Ludwig Dill and Wilhelm Trübner, who used to meet during the summer in Dachau, a town near Munich, which became a sort of German Barbizon, where painting was done in the open air. In 1892, he brought out his first cartoon in the weekly ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 17 August 1861, in Darmstadt (Hesse); died 23 August 1945, in Pillnitz, near Dresden.

Painter, lithographer, engraver, illustrator, pastellist, decorative designer. Mythological subjects, genre scenes, landscapes.

Symbolism, Jugendstil.

Group of Eleven (Gruppe der Elf).

Ludwig von Hofmann was born into the wealthy middle class in Germany. His father was a senior adviser to Bismarck, and his uncle was the painter Johann Michael Heinrich Hofmann. Later, he would be taught by his uncle at the Kunstakademie, Dresden (1883-1886), but first he studied law. He completed his art education in the academies of Karlsruhe, under the supervision of Ferdinand Keller, from 1886 to 1888, and Munich. In 1889, he went to study at the Académie Julian in Paris, where he discovered Puvis de Chavannes and Albert Besnard. From 1891 to 1894, he lived in Berlin and Munich, and became interested in the work of Hugo von Marées, before moving to Rome. In 1892, he became a founder member of the Group of Eleven with Corinth, Liebermann, Skarbina and Leistikow, precursors of the Berlin Secession of 1899. In 1903, he became a professor at the Kunstakademie in Weimar, and in 1916 professor of mural art at the Kunstakademie Dresden, where he remained until 1931. He was a founder member of the Deutscher Künstlerbund (German Federation of Artists). 1918 saw the publication of a monograph by Edwin Redlob: ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active then naturalised in 1918 in Austria.

Born 27 July 1881, in Wunsiedel (Upper Franconia); died 1965, in Vienna.

Painter, engraver (wood), draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer, watercolourist, illustrator. Figures, animals. Designs for carpets, designs (wallpapers).

Jugendstil.

Ludwig Heinrich Jungnickel studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich in 1896, and then, after his family moved to Austria, at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna in 1899, under the supervision of Christian Griepenkerl and August Eisenmenger. In Vienna, he worked for various design companies, producing designs for wallpaper and similar work, and starting his collaboration with the Wiener Werkstätte (Vienna Studio) in 1903. Around 1906, he completed his training at the Vienna Akademie der Bildenden Künste in graphic art, where he learned engraving with William Unger. He taught at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Frankfurt from 1911. He was a member of the Deutscher Werkbund. He formed a friendship with Egon Schiele and Kokoschka. He obtained Austrian nationality in 1918 and, between 1921 and 1930, travelled regularly to Italy, visiting Rome, Naples and Sicily. The Nazis banned him from practising his art and subjected him to persecution. He withdrew to Split in 1938. On returning to Austria in 1952, he was rehabilitated and received the title of professor, and his art was acclaimed....