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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 19 August 1890, in Fontainebleau; died 22 April 1969, in Paris.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, figures, landscapes. Designs for tapestries, wall decorations, stage sets.

Yves Alix studied at the Académie Julian in Paris, and won a place at the École des Beaux-Arts, but instead chose to enter the Académie Ranson, where Bonnard, Vuillard, K.-X. Roussel, Maurice Denis and Sérusier worked as teachers. He began exhibiting his work in 1912 at the Salon des Indépendants, of which he became a committee member, as well as at the Salon d'Automne. He also exhibited at the Salon des Tuileries and the Salon Comparaisons. Alix's work featured in a large number of solo exhibitions, mostly in art galleries in Paris, but also in Strasbourg, and at a retrospective exhibition in 1990 to mark the centenary of his birth, held at the Donadeï de Campredon hotel of the Isle-sur-la-Sorgue....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1960.

Born 1934, in Bad Bellingen.

Painter (including gouache), performance artist, watercolourist, engraver (etching), monotype artist, draughtsman. Stage sets, artists' books, posters.

Hermann Amann is very active. He has published written works and given numerous lectures on painting. As a painter, he produces very colourful, very musical works, with a dynamic rhythm, made up of geometric figures in thick lines or black rings, biomorphic forms and graphic signs. He also produces engravings (etchings and monotypes), artists' books ( ...

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 10 April 1888, in Barcelona; died 1977.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator. Figures, portraits, genre scenes, scenes with figures, still-lifes. Stage sets.

Mariano Andreu settled in France on a long-term basis and exhibited at the annual Paris exhibitions, at the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts in 1914, at the Salon d'Automne (of which he was a member) and at the Tuileries (after 1924). His first exhibition was in Barcelona, and he later also exhibited in London, Munich, New York and other cities. In 1936, he exhibited at the exhibition of ...

Article

Nelly Perazzo

(b Torroella de Montgri, Catalonia, March 3, 1911; d Buenos Aires, Oct 8, 1966).

Argentine painter, printmaker, illustrator, sculptor and stage designer of Spanish Catalan birth. He arrived in Buenos Aires in 1913. Although his uncle, José Planas Casas (b Catalonia, 1900; d Argentina, 1960), taught him the rudiments of art, he was basically self-taught and began to exhibit his work in 1934. Synthesizing ideas from Zen philosophy, psychoanalysis and the theories on cosmic energy espoused by the Austrian psychologist Wilhelm Reich with his interests in automatism, poetry and painting, he found a creative sense of direction from an early age. He applied his methods not only to paintings but to stage designs, illustrations, collages, prints, polychrome sculptures and boxlike constructions; as a painter he worked both in tempera and in oil, and he also produced 72 murals.

In 1936 Batlle Planas inaugurated a Surrealist phase with a series entitled Paranoiac X-rays, followed by another group of pictures, Tibetan Series, populated by spectral figures related to works by Yves Tanguy. Between ...

Article

British, 20th century, female.

Born 13 May 1879, near London; died 7 April 1961, in Sussex.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, designer, graphic designer. Still-lifes, landscapes, portraits. Designs for wallpapers and fabrics, furniture, stage sets.

Bloomsbury Group, Omega Workshops, London Group, Euston Road School.

Vanessa Bell was the daughter of Sir Leslie Stephen, the sister of Virginia Woolf and the wife of the art historian Clive Bell. She started her training with the Royal Academician Sir Arthur Cope, and continued it at the Royal Academy of Art under the direction of the American portrait painter John Singer Sargent between 1900 and 1904....

Article

Danish, 20th century, male.

Active from 1947 active in France.

Born 20 or 29 May 1924, in Kolding; died 21 October 1999, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, newspaper cartoonist. Stage sets, stage costumes.

Lars Bo was the son of an architect and painter who duly followed in his father's footsteps. His earliest drawings were of animals of every description. He enrolled at the academy of applied arts in Copenhagen in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1920.

Painter (including gouache), draughtsman, engraver, illustrator, decorative designer. Stage costumes and sets, postage stamps.

Oscar Bonnevalle studied at the Ghent academy and went on to produce postage stamp designs which demonstrate a genuine feeling for realism and traditional folklore....

Article

Australian, 20th century, male.

Active also active in the USA.

Born 30 January 1885, in Kew (Melbourne); died 11 February 1969, in London.

Painter, draughtsman, stage set designer, engraver (etching, linocut), illustrator, writer, critic. Scenes with figures, portraits.

London Group.

Horace Brodzky was born in Australia but ultimately settled in Britain. In ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 3 September 1921, in La Baule.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator. Scenes with figures, portraits, nudes, landscapes, still-lifes. Stage sets, stage costumes, church decoration.

Jean Bruneau was a student at the École des Beaux-Arts in Nantes from 1938 to 1945 and won the Prix de la Ville de Nantes in his final year. In ...

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 1804, baptised in London, in the parish of St Luke; died 1875, in London.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, caricaturist. Genre scenes, portraits. Stage sets.

Robert Buss learned engraving from his father, with whom he studied for six years before going to further his studies with George Clint. While with Clint, he trained as a portrait painter and stage designer. He supplied illustrations for works by authors such as Charles Knight, Captain Marryat, Mrs Trollope (or Troloppe), Harrisson and Ainsworth. Despite this work, he also found time for painting and one of his canvases, ...

Article

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Baptised 19 November 1724 in Amsterdam; died 7 April 1801.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, watercolourist, illustrator. Mythological subjects, genre scenes, portraits, landscapes. Stage sets.

Jacobus Buys studied under Cornelis Pronck and Cornelis Troost. He painted portraits, historical pictures, theatre scenery and vignettes for books, as well as imitating the grisailles of Jakob de Wit....

Article

Czech, 20th century, male.

Born 23 March 1887, in Hronov nad Metuji; died March 1945, in Bergen-Belsen, Germany, in the concentration camp.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, figures. Stage sets.

Socialist Realism.

Groups: Mánes, Skupina Vytvarnych Umelcu (Group of Plastic Artists).

Josef Capek was the brother of the playright Karel Capek, the author of ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 24 February 1958.

Painter (including mixed media), collage artist, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist. Stage sets.

Olivier de Cayron is a self-taught painter whose work betrays the influence of Pollock, Dubuffet and, on occasion, Michaux. In 1985, he was one of the co-founders of the ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 20 July 1960, in London.

Painter, printmaker, theatre designer. Stage sets, artist's books.

Stephen Chambers studied at Winchester School of Art from 1978 to 1979, at St Martin's School of Art from 1979 to 1982 and at Chelsea School of Art ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 25 March 1897, in Paris; died 12 July 1981, in St-Germain-en-Laye.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Scenes with figures, landscapes, still-lifes. Designs for tapestries, stage costumes and sets.

Roger Chastel's father was a banker and a collector. In 1914, he entered the Atelier Cormon at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, which he left quite quickly for the Atelier Jean-Paul-Laurens at the Académie Privée Julian. Having been drafted in 1916, he was discharged in 1919 and enrolled at the Académie Ranson. At the same time, encouraged by the caricaturist Sem, he was commissioned to produce fashion designs and cartoons for magazines, including the leading contemporary French fashion magazine ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in France after 1928.

Born 1878, in Likochino (Kalinin region) or Novgorod; died 1936, in Lörrach, Germany.

Painter, watercolourist, print artist, illustrator, miniaturist. Portraits. Stage sets.

Mir iskusstva group.

Sergei Chekhonin studied at the Art School of the Society for the Encouragement of the Arts (...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1925.

Born 1900, in St Petersburg; died 1943, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), print artist (aquatint), illustrator. Landscapes, urban landscapes. Stage sets.

Georgi Cherkesov trained at the St Petersburg Academy of Art and started his career as an illustrator and set designer. In ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1913, in Milan; died 1993.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, engraver, sculptor, illustrator. Figures, landscapes, still-lifes, animals. Stage sets.

Clerici was a keen reader of the Surrealist review Le Minotaure in his youth, and this strongly influenced his later work.

From the outset of his career, he was active in creating stage sets for opera, ballet and the theatre, at the Fenice in Venice, the Rome opera house and other venues, for the works of Monteverdi, Purcell, Lulli, Goldoni and Stravinsky. He also worked as a book illustrator. In his more personal work, he first gained a reputation as a sculptor. After ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active also active in France.

Born 1957, in Concord (New Hampshire), United States.

Painter, sculptor, collage artist, pastellist, draughtsman, engraver, screen printer, illustrator. Stage sets.

Neo-Expressionism, Citationism.

George Condo is an American artist who lived in Paris before moving to New York in the early 1980s. There, he met Andy Warhol, Julian Schnabel, Jean-Michel Basquiat, and Keith Haring, and he worked with Beat Generation authors William S. Burroughs and Allen Ginsberg. In 1999 he received an award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 13 December 1904, in Meynes; died 21 June 1977, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), engraver, illustrator. Figure compositions, still-lifes, landscapes, landscapes with figures. Murals, designs for tapestries, stage costumes and sets.

Lucien Coutaud was the great-grandson of a Provençal cabinet-maker, some of whose works are housed at the Musée d'Arlaten. His careful, meticulous approach, particularly in his own engraving work, also came from his father, a goldsmith, who taught him his craft. From 1920, for four years, he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Nîmes where he was taught by Armand Coussens. In 1924 he left for Paris, where he attended the Académies Libres in Montparnasse and enrolled at the École des Arts Décoratifs. In 1952 he discovered the region of Normandy and bought a house near Villerville. Its name, the 'Cheval de Brique' (Brick Horse), would be given to the period of artistic activity lasting until 1976. He received the Prix Daumier de la Gravure in 1952 and was made a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur in 1957, then Chevalier des Arts et Lettres in 1958....