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Article

Leslie Williams

English mathematician, writer and photographer. Well-known as the author of children’s books with a logical philosophical undercurrent, he was active as an amateur photographer, using wet collodion plates, from May 1856 to July 1880, according to his diary. His portraits of Victorian luminaries include Dante Gabriel Rossetti...

Article

Ismeth Raheem

English photographer, publisher and writer. He first travelled to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) as private secretary to the Bishop of Colombo. In 1870 he set up a small bookshop in Colombo, which by 1884 had diversified into a flourishing publishing house, H. W. Cave & Company, and a printing firm equipped to produce books with excellent quality photographic reproductions. He took a serious interest in photography, and this enabled him to illustrate the pictorial travelogues written by him and published by his own firm. His close supervision of the details of book production and photographic reproduction gave him a competitive edge over other commercial photographers. He returned to England in ...

Article

Mary Christian

English photographer and writer. He took up photography in the early 1880s out of his interest in the ‘study of the beautiful’ while a bookseller in London. In 1887 he received a medal from the Royal Photographic Society for his microscopic photographs of shells, which to his dismay were categorized as scientific photographs. In ...

Article

Fillia  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 3 October 1904, in Revello; died 9 February 1936, in Turin.

Painter, photomontage artist, writer, illustrator. Murals, ceramics.

Futurism.

Luigi Enrico Colombo took the pseudonym Fillia, which was his mother's maiden name. Although he died at the age of only 32, he was one of the most far-sighted thinkers to influence the evolution of artistic expression between the two World Wars. In fact, in the course of the many journeys he made right up to his death in Paris, he was in contact with the pioneers of abstract art, which was at that time ignored by everyone, and this was how he came to be linked with the leaders of the ...

Article

Julius Kaplan

Belgian painter, illustrator, sculptor, designer, photographer and writer. He was one of the foremost Symbolist artists and active supporters of avant-garde art in late 19th-century Belgium. His wealthy family lived in Bruges from 1859 to 1864, moved to Brussels in 1865, where Khnopff remained until his death, and spent their summers at a country home in Fosset, in the Ardennes. Fosset inspired numerous landscapes that owe a strong debt to Barbizon-style realism (see ...

Article

Christoph Brockhaus

Austrian draughtsman, illustrator, painter and writer. In 1892 he was apprenticed in Klagenfurt to the landscape photographer Alois Beer. Though learning very little, he remained there until 1896, when he attempted to commit suicide as a result of his unstable disposition. A brief period in the Austrian army in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 May 1935, in Rouen.

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist, illustrator, photographer, writer.

In 1951 Georges Lemoine started training as a graphic designer, then during military service in Rabat registered at the École des Beaux-Arts. When he returned to Paris he studied lino-cutting and developed his skills as illustrator, in which he was helped by meeting the typographer Marcel Jacno. From ...

Article

John Milner

Russian draughtsman, architect, printmaker, painter, illustrator, designer, photographer, teacher, and theorist.

After attending school in Smolensk, he enrolled in 1909 at the Technische Hochschule, Darmstadt, to study architecture and engineering. He also travelled extensively in Europe, however, and he made a tour of Italy to study art and architecture. He frequently made drawings of the architectural monuments he encountered on his travels. These early graphic works were executed in a restrained, decorative style reminiscent of Russian Art Nouveau book illustration. His drawings of Vitebsk and Smolensk (...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1973.

Born 4 November 1926, in Sighisoara.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, poet, film maker.

Stefan Munteanu made numerous films for which he received many prizes.

His work was a product of colourful reality transfigured by fantasy images where landscapes and figures merged. He mainly illustrated poetry and exhibited his drawings for the first time in Bucharest in ...

Article

Swiss, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in Zurich.

Born 21 June 1962, in Rheintal.

Sculptor, video installation artist, video artist, director, musician, poet. Artists' books.

Pipilotti Rist studied at the Universität für Angewandte Kunst in Vienna, then trained in audiovisual techniques at the school of design in Basel. She won the Premio ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 7 January 1938, in Paris; died 16 April 1997, in Paris.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist, scenographer, writer. Stage costumes and sets, animated films.

Groupe Panique.

Roland Topor studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1955. From 1955...

Article

American, 20th–21st century, female.

Born 1954, in Concord (New Hampshire).

Active in Ireland from 1997.

Artist, writer, photographer, editor, printmaker, bookmaker. Artists’ books.

Erica Van Horn studied fine arts at California State University, Hayward under the tutelage of printmaker Misch Kohn. She received an MFA in printmaking from the School of the Art Institute of Chicago in ...

Article

Wols  

German, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1932.

Born 27 May 1913 , in Berlin; died 1 September 1951, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, photographer, poet.

Wols was born Adolf Otto Wolfgang Schulze and came from a family of music-loving lawyers originally from Saxony. He was educated in his father’s native Dresden, where his father headed the Saxon Chancellery. Wols was gifted in poetry, drawing and, perhaps above all, music. He played several instruments, notably the violin. By all accounts, he left school at the age of 17 and took up photography, studying under Genja Jonas. He moved to Frankfurt in 1932, where he was a pupil of the ethnologist Leo Frobenius at the Institute of African Studies. That same year, he spent several months at the Bauhaus in Berlin, where he got to know Walter Gropius, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Laszlo Moholy-Nagy. The latter gave him letters of introduction to Fernand Léger and Amédée Ozenfant. He first visited Paris in 1932, meeting Max Ernst, Tristan Tzara, Joan Miró and Alexander Calder (whom he attempted to teach German) and, not least, his future wife, Grety....