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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 24 January 1940, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, performance artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Body Art, Conceptual Art.

Vito Acconci was born in the Bronx, New York and lives and works in Brooklyn. He studied at Holy Cross College in Worcester, Massachusetts and at the University of Iowa. He has taught in various art schools and universities and in particular at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Yale University and the Parsons School of Design in New York....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 17 June 1931, in National City (California).

Painter, video artist, photographer. Artist’s books.

Conceptual Art.

John Baldessari lives and works in Santa Monica, California. At the end of the 1950s, he decided to abandon painting and burned his pictures. He has stated that he profoundly disagreed with art in general, and therefore decided to give people what they understood best: written language and photography....

Article

C. Nagy

(b Budapest, Oct 26, 1941).

Hungarian painter, photographer and conceptual artist. He studied under Géza Fónyi at the Fine Art College in Budapest and then from 1966 to 1972 produced portraits, in which the influence of Expressionism was noticeable. From 1973 to 1979, however, he moved in a different direction, producing films, photographic sequences and textual conceptual works, all based on structuralist analysis of pictorial representation and of the institutions of the exhibition and the museum (e.g. the photographic sequences Inquiries on the Exterior Wall of the Museum of Fine Arts, 1975–6; and Reflections, 1976). From 1975 to 1980 he was involved in the Indigo project led by Miklós Erdély, but in 1980 he returned to oil painting, producing abstract works divided into two or three sections and often symmetrical in composition. At first these were vividly coloured, using bold brushstrokes and inspired by the Hungarian landscape, but later works were dominated by schematic representations of the human face, reduced after ...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 28 January 1934, in Leerdam.

Painter, draughtsman, video artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art, Mail Art.

Marinus Boezem lived and worked in Holland; he embarked on his artistic career by exhibiting a section of a Dutch polder in 1960. Following this 'statement', which would have done credit even to Marcel Duchamp, he discovered what he termed the 'plasticity of air': in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1945, in Paris.

Painter, installation artist, intervention artist, performance artist, photographer. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art, Land Art, Body Art.

The beginnings of Borgeaud's work, as it was to develop subsequently, can be dated from 1969, the year of the exhibition event ...

Article

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Kapellen.

Painter, draughtsman, photographer, video artist.

Conceptual Art.

Bruyninckx trained at the Institut de St Luc in Brussels. He takes basic elements from nature, a blade of grass, for example, and produces multiple representations in drawings, paintings, photographs, video and other media....

Article

Canadian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1949, in Arvida (Quebec).

Painter, photographer, installation artist.

Conceptual Art.

Sylvain P. Cousineau creates three-dimensional assemblages which give a good idea of his creative process. He accumulates canvases, oils, wood panels, discarded objects, domestic debris and ironmongery, and produces deliberately simple images which, rather than yield meaning, serve above all to highlight the appropriateness of the materials used. The apparent naivety of the images is merely feigned, and is contradicted by the skill of Cousineau's pictorial and other techniques....

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 9 May 1941, in Weert.

Painter, photographer.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

Dibbets attended Jan Gregoor's painting classes in Eindhoven between 1961 and 1963. He was a student at St Martin's School of Art in London in 1967, then lived in Amsterdam. From ...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Active since 1972 active in England.

Born 1940, in Jerusalem.

Painter, video artist.

Conceptual Art.

He studied in Tel Aviv and exhibited in Israel from 1968. He has lived in London since 1972.

He has taken part in a number of group exhibitions including the Autumn Salon in Tel Aviv, in ...

Article

Zachary Baker

(b Kent, Oct 4, 1966; d Scotland, March 29, 2008).

English conceptual artist, photographer, painter and installation artist. He is associated primarily with the Goldsmiths’ College group, sometimes known as the ‘Freeze Generation’, which emerged in the late 1980s during Michael Craig-Martin’s period of teaching there. In February 1988, as a second year student, Fairhurst organized a small group exhibition at the Bloomsbury Gallery of the University of London Institute of Education; it included, alongside his own work, art by fellow students Mat Collishaw, Abigail Lane and Damien Hirst. This was a kind of precursory event for the more dynamic and famous Freeze exhibition of summer 1988, curated by Hirst, in which he also participated. In the early 1990s he was involved in many seminal events and exhibitions such as A Fête worse than Death (1993), on Charlotte Road and Rivington Street, London, curated by Joshua Compston (1971–96) and Factual Nonsense, and Some Went Mad, Some Ran Away...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1941, in Düsseldorf.

Assemblage artist, painter, draughtsman, photographer. Artists' books.

Conceptual Art.

A conceptual artist who was recognised in the 1960s, Hans-Peter Feldmann left the art world in 1976 and only resurfaced in the 1980s. He lives and works in Düsseldorf. He works from reproductions, photocopies or plaster busts, which he might paint and retouch. In his unsigned images and objects produced as series, he increases the references to his own culture. His work could also draw on the concept of plagiarism as a criticism of the world of art and culture, invaded by these mass-produced images....

Article

Ađalsteinn Ingólfsson

(b Dalir, west Iceland, Feb 19, 1943).

Icelandic painter, sculptor, photographer and conceptual artist, active in the Netherlands. He studied at the Myndlista- og handíÐaskóli Íslands (Icelandic School of Arts and Crafts), Reykjavík (1958–60), in Rome (1966–7) and in Limoges (1970–71), after which he moved to the Netherlands. He was one of the founding members of the Icelandic avant-garde group SÚM and he took part in its first exhibition in 1965. His early work consists of emblematic abstract paintings, enlivened with three-dimensional elements such as nails or rope (e.g. Painting; 1966, Reykjavík, N.G.). When he developed an interest in conceptual art, FriÐfinnsson began to use photography as a medium for concretizing his ideas, which derive from Icelandic myth and folklore as well as from dreams and poetry.

FriÐfinnsson’s House Project (1974) was suggested by a story by the Icelandic writer Thórbergur ThórÐarson about an old man who wanted to build an inside-out house. FriÐfinnsson built a house that fitted this description at a secret venue in Iceland and then photographed it (see ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in London.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor, photographer. Artists' books.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

After studying in London at St Martin's from 1966 to 1968, Hamish Fulton went on to study photography in 1969. Fulton is interested in landscape and has much in common with Land Art, although his approach is quite different. Unlike Richard Long - with whom he travelled in South America - Fulton does not intervene on site. He builds his work around the physical impression that a space leaves on the body when walking, first in timeless photographs with brief captions and then, from ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active also active in the USA.

Born 1944.

Painter, video artist.

Conceptual Art.

Michael Harvey studied at Leicester College of Art from 1960 to 1964. He took part in Documenta V in Kassel in 1972. During the 1970s, his work was characterised by a series of rules applied to the phenomenon of writing, particularly to the alphabet, and which explored permutations, associations and inversions to produce an orthogonal symmetry or creative lettering....

Article

Morgan Falconer

revised by Jean Robertson

(b Brussels, Dec 6, 1961).

Belgian sculptor, installation and conceptual artist active in Germany and Sweden. He studied phytopathology (plant diseases) and agronomic entomology at the University of Kiel, where he received a doctorate in 1988. After an early career as an agricultural scientist specializing in insect communication, Höller became a full-time artist in 1993. He created a wide variety of objects and situations, many of them participatory in nature, using such means as toys, animals, flashing lights, mirrors, sensory deprivation tanks, dark passages, giant slides, carousel rides, pheromones and huge rotating sculptural replicas of upside-down fly agaric (a poisonous, hallucinogenic mushroom; see fig.). His art projects include various optical and sensory experiments that explore individual physiological and psychological reactions to experiences that alter perception and consciousness. Despite his scientific training, Höller’s goals as an artist have not been to achieve the certainty of quantifiable scientific conclusions. Rather he has emphasized doubt and the inability to achieve conclusive explanations. He signalled his preoccupation with doubt in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1955, in New York.

Sculptor, painter, collage artist, installation artist, photographer, draughtswoman. Artists' books.

Conceptual Art.

Roni Horn studied at the Rhode Island School of Design in 1975 and at Yale in 1978. She lives and works in New York, where she teaches at the School of Arts, Columbia University....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1924, in Ann Arbor (Michigan); died 1997.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, photographer, installation artist.

Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Douglas Charles Huebler studied at the Cleveland Institute of Art at the University of Michigan, then at the Académie Julian, Paris. Like numerous young American artists who, despite the wave of Pop Art, remained loyal to Abstract art, his research led him, in terms of his early work, to 'minimal art'; his main preoccupation seemed to be gigantic dimensions. But in less than three years he switched to work which was more or less equivalent to Conceptual Art, and ultimately became one of its leading exponents, along with Joseph Kosuth, Sol Lewit, Robert Barry and Lawrence Weiner. His Conceptual Art enquiries focused on 'interpreting' the range of life of forms in multiple signs and places, rather than the internalising or integrity of objects typical of the 'minimalist' genre....

Article

Mary Chou

(b Bethlehem, 1970).

Palestinian conceptual artist. Jacir’s works use a variety of media including film, photography, installation, performance, video, sound, sculpture and painting. Jacir was raised in Saudi Arabia and attended high school in Rome, Italy. She received her BA from the University of Dallas, Irving, TX in 1992, her MFA from the Memphis College of Art, Memphis, TN in 1994, and participated in the Whitney Independent Study Program from 1998 to 1999. She became a professor at the International Academy of Art, Palestine in Ramallah in 2007. Jacir’s conceptual works explore the physical and psychological effects of social and political displacement and exile, primarily how they affect the Palestinian community. Her work investigated the impact of Israeli action on the Palestinian people and countered representations of Palestinians in the press as primarily militant. Jacir often collaborated with members of the Palestinian community, both local and international, in the creation of her works....

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 9 January 1945, in Gilly.

Sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, photographer.

Conceptual Art.

Pierre Keller studied at the École Cantonale des Beaux-Arts et d'Art Appliqué in Lausanne from 1961 to 1985. He has lived in Grandvaux since 1970.

In 1966, he began creating his first modifiable objects, which led him to produce modifiable structures in the Constructivist manner. His manifestations and realisations are extremely diverse. He attempts a new kind of performance focused on the concept of 'Kilo Art' that he himself created, by having the quantities measured by official organisations and thus causing ideas of value in the world of art to be permanently questioned and changed. At the ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 6 May 1936, in Tamaris.

Painter, intervention artist, draughtsman, pastellist, photographer, mixed media.

Mail Art, Conceptual Art, Art Narratif, New Image (associated).

A native of southern France, Jean Le Gac wanted to be a painter from the age of eight, and quickly realised that he had a talent. He painted regularly while training in painting and sculpture. In ...