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German, 20th century, male.

Born 1942, in Augsburg.

Painter (mixed media), draughtsman, sculptor, photographer. Figures, nudes, landscapes. Stage costumes and sets.

New Fauves.

Hacker attended the art academy in Munich before settling in Berlin. In 1974, he was guest professor at the school of fine art in Hamburg. After producing works ascribable to kinetic art, Hacker became interested in the problems of creative activity, and displayed them in exhibitions alongside objects based on popular art. In ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 5 October 1939, in Dresden, Germany.

Painter (including gouache), sculptor, engraver, performance artist, filmmaker, writer, musician.

New Fauves.

A. R. Penck produced his first paintings (landscapes and portraits) at the age of ten and subsequently studied commercial art in 1955. He was self-taught, practised different professions, and pursued many activities, such as music, poetry, and editing scientific, political, and aesthetic texts. He was a pupil of the painter Jürgen Böttcher-Strawalde and collaborated with him on joint works. He worked with a great many other artists from the West, such as Jörg Immendorf and Georg Baselitz, whom he met in 1961 in the former West Berlin. In 1980, he decided to live in the West, near Cologne; then he settled first in England and then in Ireland. In 1987, he became a teacher at the school of fine art in Düsseldorf. He recorded records with the painters Martin Kippenberger and Immendorf. During his career as an artist, he changed his identity several times: in 1969 to ‘Penck’, in 1973 to ‘Mike Hammer’, in 1974 to ‘TM’, and in 1976 to ‘Y’. He lives and works in Dublin....

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 13 February 1941, in Oels (now Olesnica), Poland; died 10 June 2010, in Cologne, Germany.

Painter (mixed media), collage artist, photographer.

New Fauves, Citationism.

Sigmar Polke, the son of a blacksmith, arrived with his family in Thuringia in East Germany in 1945. In 1953 he moved to Düsseldorf in West Germany. In 1959 he studied glass painting in Düsseldorf, then between 1961 and 1967 he studied at the city’s academy of fine arts under the direction of Otto Goetz and Gerhard Hoehme. From 1970 to 1971 he lectured at the academy of fine arts in Hamburg, where he became a full member of the staff in 1977. He won, in 1966, the German Youth Prize, along with Klaus Geldmacher and Dieter Krieg; in 1975, the painting prize at the São Paulo Biennale; in 1982, the Grohmann Prize, awarded by the city of Berlin; in 1984, the Kurt Schwitters Prize, awarded by the city of Hanover; in 1986, the Lion d’Or Prize at the Venice Biennale; in 1995, the Carnegie Prize; and in 2002, the painting prize at the 14th Imperial Praemium, awarded by the Japanese artistic association. He lived and worked in Cologne....