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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1945, in Paris.

Painter, installation artist, intervention artist, performance artist, photographer. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art, Land Art, Body Art.

The beginnings of Borgeaud's work, as it was to develop subsequently, can be dated from 1969, the year of the exhibition event ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 1940, in Geneva.

Intervention artist, mixed media.

Conceptual Art.

Gérard Ducimetierre stages interventions and events, making observations on what he calls the planetary environment. He will launch an event simultaneously in different places around the world; these are ephemeral moments with no real importance, intended as an examination of the behaviour of a neutral object (such as a piece of paper) which is discarded at the same time in several towns around the globe. Alternatively, he will look at an object from a different angle, for example by planting a tree upside down....

Article

Czechoslovak, 20th century, male.

Born 15 July 1937, in Velké-Hradné.

Assemblage artist, environmental artist, happenings artist.

Conceptual Art.

Stano Filko studied at the higher college of fine art in Bratislava. He began exhibiting in his country, Italy and France.

Filko attracted attention with complex assemblages of religious images and erotic photographs ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1966, in Glasgow.

Video installation artist, environmental artist, video artist, performance artist, photographer.

Conceptual Art, Appropriation Art.

Douglas Gordon studied at the Glasgow School of Art from 1984 to 1988 and at the Slade School in London from 1988 to 1990...

Article

Polish, 20th century, male.

Born 1915, in Wielopole; died 1990, in Cracow.

Happenings artist, environmental artist, collage artist, painter (gouache), draughtsman.

Conceptual Art.

Cracow Group.

Tadeusz Kantor lived and worked in Cracow. He received his first artistic training at the academy of fine arts in Cracow until 1939. In 1947, in association with artists who had taken part in the underground theatre activities he had organised during the German occupation of Poland, he founded the ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 23 February 1921, in Zambesi River, near Victoria Falls, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe); died 1 January 2006.

Painter, assemblage artist, environmental artist, performance artist.

Conceptual Art.

John Latham trained at Chelsea School of Art in London from 1946 to 1950. His aesthetic approach considers painting as an instantaneous experience, indissociable from our perception of the real world - hence his interest in the industrial landscape. His works incorporate real objects, notably books, as seen in his celebrated ...

Article

David Spalding

(b Ha Tien, Nov 16, 1968).

Vietnamese conceptual artist. Lê was born near the Cambodian border, but fled with his family when his hometown was invaded by the Khmer Rouge in 1979. Lê moved to Los Angeles and studied photography at the University of California, Santa Barbara and received his MFA from the School of Visual Arts, New York in 1992. In 1989, while at the University of California, Lê enrolled in a class on the Vietnam War (1955–75) that emphasized American hardship. This sparked Lê’s earliest public art project, Accountability, a series of posters that Lê put up on his college campus (reproduced in 1992 for Creative Time, New York, Washington, DC, and Los Angeles). These posters juxtaposed American media images of the Vietnam War with explicit pictures of Vietnamese suffering, accompanied by captions detailing the damage done to Vietnam. The desire to intervene in dominant perceptions of the Vietnam War propelled Lê for much of his artistic career....

Article

Irish, 20th century, male.

Active in England, from 1957 in Canada.

Born 6 October 1935 or 1936, in Dublin.

Happenings artist, environmental artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

Les Levine showed an early interest in photography, and enrolled at the Central School of Art and Design in London before embarking on a career as a designer, notably of jewellery. Despite this early success, he emigrated to Canada in ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 6 November 1944, in Glasgow.

Performance artist, painter, sculptor, installation artist, printmaker, ceramicist.

Conceptual Art, Land Art.

Bruce McLean studied at Glasgow School of Art (1961-1963), and at St Martins School of Art in London (1963-1966) under Anthony Caro, Phillip King and William Tucker. He has taught at the Croydon School of Art (...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, female.

Born 1943.

Sculptor, environmental artist, happenings artist. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

In 1965 in collaboration with Ruben Santanonin, Marta Minujin created La Menesunda (Confusion) at the Torcuato Di Tella institute in Buenos Aires. The institute was founded in 1958 as a private initiative and encourages the expression of avant-garde art in Argentina. Her piece was a kind of polymorphous interior environment offering the public visual and tactile sensations. It included a closed-circuit video, a mirror gallery, air-stream blown confetti and corridors with soft surfaces. In ...

Article

Czechoslovak, 20th century, male.

Born 1934, in Zilina.

Sculptor of assemblages, happenings artist, environmental artist.

Conceptual Art.

Alex Mlynarcik was a pupil at the school of fine arts in Bratislava and then at the academy of fine arts in Prague from 1959 to 1965. In Paris he was particularly active during the student uprisings of the Sorbonne in May ...

Article

(b Mason City, WA, Sept 6, 1938; d New York, NY, Jan 21, 2011).

American conceptual and performance artist. He studied art at California College of Arts and Crafts, Oakland, CA (1959–64) and at Stanford University, Stanford, CA (1964–5). His early work was Land art and involved large-scale outdoor projects documented by photographs. In Directed Seeding—Cancelled Crop (1969; see 1974 exh. cat.), he organized the planting of a field of wheat at Finsterwolde in Holland according to a specific pattern and then had a huge cross shape harvested out of the grown crop. He prevented any of the crop from being sold, an act he likened to ‘stopping raw pigment from becoming an illusionistic force on canvas’ (1974 exh. cat.). In the early 1970s he turned to such performance works as Reading Position for Second Degree Burn (1970; see 1974 exh. cat.), in which he lay in the sun for five hours with a book across his chest so that his skin burned, leaving a silhouette of the book. He saw this as a form of painting....