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Article

Fiorella Sricchia Santoro

(di Giacomo di Pace)

(b Cortine in Valdibiana Montaperti, 1484; d Siena, between Jan and May 1551).

Italian painter, sculptor, draughtsman, printmaker and illuminator. He was one of the protagonists, perhaps even the most precocious, of Tuscan Mannerism, which he practised with a strong sense of his Sienese artistic background but at the same time with an awareness of contemporary developments in Florence and Rome. He responded to the new demand for feeling and fantasy while retaining the formal language of the early 16th century. None of Beccafumi’s works is signed or dated, but his highly personal maniera has facilitated almost unanimous agreement regarding the definition of his corpus and the principal areas of influence on it. However, some questions concerning the circumstances of his early career and the choices available to him remain unanswered. The more extreme forms of Beccafumi’s reckless experimentation underwent a critical reappraisal only in the later 20th century.

The primary sources of information concerning Beccafumi are Vasari’s biography (1568) and archival findings, mostly 19th century, relating to the artist. Vasari, although a direct acquaintance of Beccafumi in his last years and in a position to gather information from mutual friends, was, predictably, unreliable in regard to his early career. According to Vasari, Mecherino, the son of a poor farmer named Giacomo di Pace, became the protégé of ...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1592, in Paris; died 1661, in Paris.

Sculptor, painter, engraver, draughtsman, architect.

Son of Pierre Biard the Elder, and a pupil of Pierre Franqueville, Pierre Biard studied art in Italy. On his return to France, he was appointed sculptor to the king in ...

Article

Lucie Galactéros-de Boissier

(b ?Paris, 1614; d Lyon, June 21, 1689).

French painter, draughtsman, architect, sculptor and printmaker. He trained in Paris, where he came into contact with Jacques Sarazin, who advised him to study painting rather than sculpture. He probably studied (c. 1637–45) with Simon Vouet, becoming familiar with perspective, the Mannerism of the School of Fontainebleau and the Baroque, then newly introduced to Paris. Around 1645 he arrived in Rome; during his stay there (which ended in 1653) he worked with artists who were members of Nicolas Poussin’s circle and frequented the studios of Andrea Sacchi, Pietro da Cortona and Gianlorenzo Bernini (who thought highly of him). He executed paintings for Niccolo Guido di Bagno (1584–1663). His engravings of antique tombs and his prospettive were much admired. In 1654 he created a mausoleum for René de Voyer d’Argenson, Ambassador of France in Venice, in S Giobbe, Venice.

In 1655 Blanchet returned to Lyon, having been summoned to carry out the decoration, both painted and sculpted, of the Hôtel de Ville. In ...

Article

(b Aelst [now Aalst], Aug 14, 1502; d Brussels, Dec 6, 1550).

South Netherlandish painter, sculptor, architect and designer of woodcuts, stained glass and tapestries. Son of the Deputy Mayor of the village of Aelst, he was married twice, first to Anna van Dornicke (d 1529), the daughter of the Antwerp painter Jan Mertens, who may have been his teacher; they had two children, Michel van Coecke and Pieter van Coecke II (before 1527–59), the latter of whom became a painter. He later married Mayken Verhulst, herself a painter of miniatures and the mother of three children, Pauwel, Katelijne and Maria; they are shown with their parents in Coecke’s Family Portrait (Zurich, Ksthaus). Mayken is credited with having taught the technique of painting in tempera on cloth to her son-in-law, Pieter Bruegel the elder, who married Maria in 1563. (For family tree see Bruegel family.) Van Mander also stated that Bruegel was Coecke’s apprentice, an allegation no longer universally accepted in view of their substantial stylistic differences. Although the names of other students of Coecke’s, including ...

Article

[il giovane]

(b Treviso, c. 1498; d Boulogne-sur-Mer, 1544).

Italian painter, draughtsman, sculptor and military engineer. He is first documented in 1523 in Bologna but had probably arrived there c. 1520. Between 1515 and 1520 he produced an engraving (initialled) of Susanna and the Elders and a series of drawings that were engraved by Francesco de Nanto, depicting scenes from the Life of Christ. A series of paintings, some of them initialled, were attributed to him by Coletti and this attribution is now generally accepted. The group includes two small canvases (transferred from panels that were initialled hirtv) representing Isaac Blessing Jacob and Hagar and the Angel (both Rouen, Mus. B.-A.), the monogrammed Sleeping Venus (c. 1520–29; Rome, Gal. Borghese), which contains an echo of Marcantonio Raimondi’s so-called Dream of Raphael (b. 274, 359), the initialled Female Nude (Vienna, Ksthist. Mus.), derived from a drawing by Raphael (London, BM) that was engraved by Raimondi (b...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Born 1581, in Paris; died 26 December 1658, in Paris.

Sculptor, painter, engraver, architect.

Simon Guillain was one of the twelve founding members of the Académie in 1648. He produced the high altar for the church of St-Eustache, and the statues of the four evangelists on the great door of the church of St-Gervais. He is also remembered for his ...

Article

Spanish, 17th century, male.

Born 1619, in Madrid; died 1671, in Madrid.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, architect.

Sebastiano de Herrera-Barnuevo was the son of a sculptor; formerly, he was often confused by biographers with Herrera the Younger, although he was not related to him in any way. The confusion over the names arises because of the proximity of their dates of birth and death. Both worked for Philip IV at the same church of Nuestra Señora de Atocha and both held the title of court painter. Herrera the Younger was grand master of the royal palaces and Herrera-Barnuevo was appointed as curator of the Escorial. This fact allows us to differentiate between the two artists as Herrera the Younger was appointed to his post in ...

Article

German, 17th century, male.

Born 1645, in Radolfzell (Baden); died 15 February 1686, in Vienna.

Sculptor, engraver, painter, architect.

Bohemian School.

Mathias Rauchmiller sculpted a Crucifixion at Mainz Cathedral, the tomb of Karl von Metternich at the Frauenkirche in Trier, four statues in the royal vault in Liegnitz (now Legnica, Poland) church and the tomb of ...

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Born between 1515 and 1520, in Gray; died 1601, in Dijon.

Sculptor (wood), draughtsman, engraver, architect. Architectural views.

The exhibition Hugues Sambin: An Artist of the French Renaissance ( Hugues Sambin: Un Artiste de la Renaissance Française), held in the National Museum of the Renaissance in Écouen in ...

Article

British, 17th century, male.

Born 1620, in London; died September 1667, in Winchester.

Architect, sculptor, painter, engraver.

John Stone was the son of the architect, mason and sculptor Nicholas Stone and the younger brother of Henry Stone. A sculptor and architect like his father, he also copied old master paintings and studied engraving under Thomas Cross. He is remembered for a plate for Dugdale's ...