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Article

Andrew Weiner

(b Beirut, 1925).

Lebanese painter and writer active in the USA. Daughter of a Greek Christian mother and a Syrian Muslim father, Adnan was educated in Lebanon before going on to study philosophy at the Sorbonne, Harvard, and the University of California, Berkeley. For many years she taught aesthetics at Dominican College, San Rafael, CA; she also lectured and taught at many other colleges and universities. During the 1970s Adnan regularly contributed editorials, essays, and cultural criticism to the Beirut-based publications Al-Safa and L’Orient-Le Jour. In 1978 she published the novel Sitt Marie Rose, which won considerable acclaim for its critical portrayal of cultural and social politics during the early years of the Lebanese Civil War. Adnan published numerous books of poetry, originating in her opposition to the American war in Vietnam and proceeding to encompass topics as diverse as the landscape of Northern California and the geopolitics of the Middle East. Her poetry served as the basis for numerous works of theater and contemporary classical music....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 22 June 1952, in Bordeaux.

Painter (including mixed media), sculptor, potter. Stage sets.

At the age of 24, Philippe Aïni gave up his job as a pastry cook to become an artist, although he lacked any training. At first, he was supported and encouraged to exhibit by Jean-Pierre Roche of the Galerie Émergences in Bordeaux (...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in California.

Born 1940, in Cleator Moor (West Cumbria).

Painter, ceramicist, print artist, film maker, photographer. Textiles.

Conrad Atkinson graduated from Carlisle College of Art (1961), Liverpool College of Art (1962) and the Royal Academy Schools in London (...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1961, in Ayrshire, Scotland.

Painter. Landscapes.

From 1980 to 1985, Stephen Barclay studied at the Glasgow School of Art. He divides his time and work between Arbroath in Scotland and Mölln near Lübeck in Germany. He uses a liberated realist technique, painting landscapes that appear to be peaceful but which contain strange objects, including remainders of war, catastrophe and sacrifice: part of an aircraft cabin, a broken monkey cage or the remains of a railway track. The universe of Anselm Kiefer and Markus Lüpertz is a clear influence on Barclay's dreamlike, or nightmarish, landscapes....

Article

Native American (Wiyot and Yurok), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Newport (Oregon).

Sculptor, painter, ceramicist, mixed-media artist, print-maker.

Rick Bartow of the Wiyot and Yurok Nations of Northern California works in a number of media to create images which often reference indigenous North American transformation myths. His work with the Maori artist John Bevan Ford has also been an influence. In ...

Article

Canadian First Nations (Ojibwa), 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1942 or 1943, in M’chigeeng (West Bay), Manitoulin Island. Died 2005, Ottawa.

Draughtsman, painter, ceramicist, installation artist.

Carl Beam, a distinguished Ojibwa artist, was the first Canadian indigenous artist to gain recognition for contemporary Native American art by having one of his pieces accepted into the National Gallery of Art (Ottawa). He achieved a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree from the University of Victoria, and ...

Article

Tunisian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 9 October 1951, in Maamoura.

Painter, ceramicist.

In 1977 Khaled Ben Slimane graduated from the Institut Technologique d'Art in Tunis, specialising in ceramics. In 1978-79 he worked at the Massana School in Barcelona and in 1982-83 in Japan.

He employs acrylics in his paintings and is strongly influenced by Arab calligraphy, which appears both in a concealed and an explicit form. The rows of symbols, or writings in various colours, are arranged between parallel horizontal lines, and decorative elements are only allowed as a framing device for his compositions....

Article

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1949, in Alost.

Painter, sculptor, potter.

Luc de Blok trained at the Academie voor Beeldende Kunsten in Alost. He paints imaginary landscapes, sculpts figures and makes casts of ordinary objects of daily life in decorative ceramic panels, as quasi-fossil prints. He has had regular solo shows since ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1943, in Cardiff.

Potter, painter, graphic artist. English slipware.

Clive Bowen studied painting and etching at the Cardiff School of Art in the 1960s. Although he still paints and works as a graphic artist, he is first and foremost a potter. From ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1 April 1949, in Andrezieux.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist.

Marie-Thérèse Buffoni studied art in St Etienne and specialised in research into ceramics, mosaics and pigments.

Her essentially non-figurative work ranges across a broad spectrum of techniques (oils, pastels, acrylics, watercolours) and she also produce ceramics, porcelain pieces and jewellery. Her principal interest is the effects of colour, light and space....

Article

Italian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 14 November 1949, in Morro d'Alba (province of Ancona, Marche).

Sculptor, draughtsman, painter, mixed media, potter. Figures, landscapes, architectural views.

Transavanguardia.

Enzo Cucchi is 'the third C' of the Italian Transavangardia movement, with Sandro Chia and Francesco Clemente. He spent some time at the school in Macerata working in conceptual art and also as a restorer. He lives and works in Ancona and Rome....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1957, in Lille.

Painter. Figure compositions. Designs for carpets, furniture, ceramics and objets d'art.

Marie Ducaté lives and works in Marseilles. Her paintings present male nudes, alone or with others, in interiors or paradisal landscapes. These works disconcert by placing men in poses that in classical iconography are normally associated with the female. They recline languidly within kitsch interiors, with every detail of furnishing meticulously delineated. The effect is consciously heightened by the fact that the scene may comprise elements borrowed from the history of art, such as a Cubist floor or some drapery in the style of the Renaissance. Since ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 17 May 1947, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor of assemblages, mixed media, potter.

Odile Frachet was originally a decorator of crockery and porcelain, and has taught in a number of different workshops. She creates ceramic panels and collages, in a solidly structured, naturalistic yet abstract style. She also made a fountain for the water treatment factory in Toulouse....

Article

Greek, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 7 November 1952, in Vori (Crete).

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, engraver, sculptor, ceramicist.

In 1968, at the age of just 16, Theophilos Geredakis embarked on a series of travels that took him to the USA, Asia, Europe and Australia. In ...

Article

Spanish, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 25 November 1946, in León.

Painter, sculptor. Figures.

Symbolism.

Vicente Guttierrez Tascon trained in drawing and ceramics in León, and went on to join the ceramics department at the Escuela de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid. Guttierrez Tascon paints female figures, such as mothers working or with their children. His world is a calm, soothing and serene one of almost voluptuous languidness, but is also a world in which the almost primitivist schematism of form suspends reality, transforming it into the abstract. These same sculptural forms are naturally found in his bronzes....

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1930, in Bristol. Died 19 March 2012.

Painter, ceramicist. Scenes with figures.

Francis Hewlett studied at Bristol College of Art from 1948 to 1952 and continued his studies at the Slade in London and the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. From ...

Article

South African, 20th century, male.

Born 29 June 1920, in London; died 15 March 2010, in Johannesburg.

Painter, printmaker, ceramic artist. Figures, socio-political themes, satire.

Robert Hodgins left school in 1934, immigrated to South Africa in 1938, and enlisted in the Union Defence Forces (...

Article

Native American (Cherokee), 20th–21st century, male.

Born in Oklahoma.

Ceramicist, sculptor.

A member of the Cherokee Nation, Troy Jackson is a noted potter and sculptor in clay who is also a native Oklahoman. He received his Associate of Arts from Bacone College in Muskogee (where he now teaches as an Adjunct Professor of Art) and his Bachelor of Arts from Northeastern State University in Tahlequah, Oklahoma. He later completed the MFA programme at the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville. He has worked in a number of media, including painting and drawing, but has become known particularly for his expertly rendered figures in clay modelled in a naturalistic style but showing the artist’s links with his Cherokee ancestors who have a long cultural tradition of working in clay. Creating his vessels both on the wheel and by hand, he manages to drawn attention to Southeastern indigenous people and their experiences as well as combining these with influences found in European art traditions....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1958, in La Clayette (Saône-et-Loire).

Installation artist, painter. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

Since 1997, Anne-Marie Jugnet has been producing work in collaboration with Alain Clairet. In her early work, Jugnet often used a photographic process and neon lighting, which constructed and conceptualised around words or phrases which she 'brought into dialogue' with different environments. Working with Alain Clairet, the two artists seek to define the conditions of production of an object, to understand how it exists within reality, what it represents. To do this they deconstruct. Hence the 'American Series' in which elements of town plans, including empty, unbuilt areas that are displayed in guide books, are enlarged to a human scale. These works question the notions of emptiness, of flat geometric areas, of non-perspective, of reference, of a different way of perceiving. Another series of paintings, the ...

Article

South African, 21st century, collective of mostly women.

Needlework, painting, printmaking, ceramics. Local histories and scenes.

Established in 2000 by Carol Hofmeyr, an artist and medical doctor, the Keiskamma Art Project is intended to provide income-generating opportunities to isiXhosa-speakers in Hamburg and the surrounding villages of Bodium and Ntilini in the Eastern Cape of South Africa, while also enabling participants to use representation to engage with issues of relevance to their communities. Although members sometimes work individually on small-scale embroideries, items in felt, beaded objects, small prints, or ceramics, the project is best known for large-scale works in needlework, which its members work on collectively and which are parodies of well-known art objects from the West....