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Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom

Lebanese–American artist and writer. Daughter of a Greek Christian mother and a Syrian Muslim father, she was educated in Lebanon and at universities in France and the United States. For many years she taught the philosophy of art at Dominican College, San Rafael, CA. She also lectured and taught at many other colleges and universities until her retirement in the late 1970s. Also a novelist and poet, she combined Arabic calligraphy with modern language in her drawings, paintings, ceramics and tapestries. She explored the relationship between word and image in over 200 “artist books,” in which she transcribed in her own hand Arabic poetry from a variety of sources....

Article

Chika Okeke-Agulu

American painter, sculptor, fibre and installation artist of Egyptian birth. Amer, one of the few young artists of African origin to gain prominence in the late 1990s international art scene, studied painting in France at the Villa Arson EPIAR, Nice (MFA, 1989), and the Institut des Hautes Etudes en Art Plastique, Paris (...

Article

American painter. Baer was educated at the University of Washington, Seattle. She worked during the spring and summer of 1950 on a kibbutz in Israel before moving to New York City, where she studied with the Graduate Faculty at the New School for Social Research from ...

Article

Konjit Seyoum

Ethiopian painter of Armenian descent, active in the USA. Boghossian studied at St Martin’s School of Art and the Central School in London from 1955 to 1957. He then moved to Paris to study at the Ecole Supérieure des Beaux-Arts and the Académie de la Grande Chaumière. During his Paris years, Boghossian embraced Pan-Africanist ideals and participated in the Negritude movement. Skunder returned to Ethiopia in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 18 October 1906, in St Louis (Missouri); died 9 March 1992, in Long Island.

Painter. Murals.

Action Painting.

James Brooks studied art at the Southern Methodist University in Dallas and attended the Dallas Art Institute before moving to New York in 1926. He earned his living as a commercial letterer and display artist while taking evening classes with Nicolaïdes and Robinson at the Art Students' League. During the time of the Great Depression in America, he was commissioned by the government to execute mural decorations, notably ...

Article

S. J. Vernoit

American painter and stained-glass artist, of Lebanese birth. After an apprenticeship with the Lebanese painter Habib Srour (1860–1938) in Beirut, he studied from 1932 to 1936 at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris. In 1934 he received the top award for drawing at the school and later exhibited his work at the Salon des Artistes Français. After graduating in ...

Article

Harry Rand

American painter of Armenian birth. One of the most illustrious artists of the post-war New York School, he began his life in possibly the most obscure circumstances of any international modern master. His father emigrated to the USA to avoid conscription into the Turkish Army in World War I; in the Turkish persecution of the Armenians, Gorky’s mother died in her son’s arms after a 120-mile march. With his sister (who later figured prominently in his paintings) Gorky made his way to the coast and then, by ship, to the USA, arriving at New York in ...

Article

Adam M. Thomas

American painter of Italian origin. After residing in Europe, his family relocated to New York in 1914. Guglielmi studied at the National Academy of Design from 1920 to 1925 and became a naturalized citizen in 1927. He arrived at his first mature painting style in the early 1930s. Guglielmi was among the principal practitioners of Social Surrealism, an American variant of European Surrealist art that adapted some of its imagery and techniques but eschewed its sexual symbolism and psychic automatism. Guglielmi rooted his pictures in the physical world in order to address social and political issues but, unlike Social Realism, did so through the use of unexpected or irrational juxtapositions and disorienting variations in scale. Although Guglielmi was not actively engaged in politics, many of his paintings contain expressly political, if sometimes ambiguous, content, such as ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1905 or 1906, in New York; died 1975, in Stockbridge (Massachusetts), as the result of an accident.

Painter.

American Abstract Artists (AAA).

As a student at Yale, G.L.K. Morris began to paint in an academic style. He then became a student at the Art Students League, New York, where he worked under Joan Sloan and K.H. Miller. In ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born c. 1833 or 1843, in Easton (New York); died 1917 or 1918, in Florence.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman. Landscapes, architectural views, flowers.

Henry Roderick Newman studied medicine in New York in conformity with family tradition and was only able to devote himself to art after his father's death. He exhibited for the first time at the National Academy of Design in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1918, in Richmond (Virginia); died 14 January 2014, in Ridgefield (Connecticut).

Painter. Military subjects, figures.

Bernard Perlin studied at the New York School of Design (1934–1936), then the National Academy of Design (1936–1937) and the Art Students League (1937–1938, 1939–1940). In 1939 and 1940 he received two mural commissions from the US government. During World War II, Perlin was appointed to the Graphic Division of the War Department Washington where he met Ben Shahn, who taught him the technique of egg tempera. For the War Department he designed posters representing scenes of military operations while remaining faithful to a modern style, such as ...

Article

American, 19th–20th century, male.

Active from 1891 in France.

Born 21 June 1859, in Pittsburgh; died 25 May 1937, in Paris.

Painter, illustrator, pastellist, watercolourist, engraver, photographer. Religious subjects, genre scenes, harbour views, landscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes, animals.

Symbolism.

Tanner’s father was the minister of the African Methodist Episcopal Church in Pittsburgh, then in Philadelphia from 1866, and became Superintendent of his Church in 1888. His mother, Sarah Miller, had escaped slavery during her childhood, getting to Pittsburgh through the network called the Underground Railway. She set up a school in her own house for the children of the community. Tanner studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts from 1880 to 1882 under Thomas Eakins (Eakins did a portrait of Tanner in 1900). He became an illustrator, notably for ...