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Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Europe 1877-1881, and in Paris 1891-1901.

Born 7 October 1856, in Allegheny, Pennsylvania; died 31 May 1915, in New York.

Painter, muralist, illustrator. Portraits, figures, landscapes.

Symbolism, Art Nouveau.

John White Alexander worked as an office boy for ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France from 1981, naturalised French.

Born 30 January 1955, in Los Angeles, of Armenian parentage.

Painter.

Symbolism.

Arès Antoyan is the son of the painter Kero Antoyan. He studied at the California Institute of the Arts. Foremost a painter of women, Antoyan chooses sex symbols as his models. In a sensual, dreamlike context that mirrors life and death, he dresses, or rather undresses, them and depicts them scantily clad and striking poses designed to stimulate a reaction in the viewer. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Shilova, Lithuania; died, 2 July 2015, in Sudbury, Massachusetts.

Painter, sculptor, pastellist. Figures, portraits.

Symbolism.

David Aronson was the son of a rabbi and arrived in the USA at the age of five. He founded the School of Art at the University of Boston, which he ran for 30 years. He received many awards including the Purchase Prize at the National Academy of Fine Arts in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1973.

Born 1920, in the USA, with Mexican parentage.

Painter, lithographer. Figure compositions, nudes, portraits, local scenes, landscapes with figures, still-lifes.

Symbolism.

Bryant worked as a draughtsman in the Pacific during World War II. When he was demobilised in ...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1895, in Mississippi; died 1977.

Painter. Portraits, animals.

Theora Hamblett's composition Vision, with its indecipherable symbolism, made a big impression at the International Exhibition of 1958 in Knocke-le-Zoute.

Bihalji-Merin, Oto: Les Peintres naïfs, Delpire, Paris, 1960.

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Active from 1924 also active in France.

Born 1893, in Durham (New Hampshire); died 1997, in France.

Painter.

Symbolism, Musicalism (the attempt to interpret music in painting).

Les Artistes Musicalistes.

Louise Janin spent the early part of her life in San Francisco surrounded by the rich collection of Chinese art put together by her father. A long trip through Asia also played a part in determining the future direction of her work. She then moved to New York, and in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 20 July 1888, in Statesville (North Carolina); died 1976.

Painter. Religious subjects, portraits.

Symbolism.

McKendree Long, the son of a judge of the Supreme Court of North Carolina, trained as a portrait and landscape painter at the Art Students League in New York from ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1867, in New York; died 17 July 1909, in Bayreuth, Germany.

Painter, illustrator. Genre scenes, landscapes, architectural views.

Symbolism.

Pinckney Marcius-Simons came under the influence of Jean Détaille, Gérôme and Turner. He exhibited at the Royal Academy in London ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 17 December 1934, in Chicago.

Painter, pastellist. Figures, scenes with figures.

Symbolism.

Irving Petlin trained at the art institute of Chicago (1952-1956), where he met Bacon, Rothko and De Kooning, and then at the school of fine arts of Yale University at New Haven (...

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born c. 1900, in Detroit (Michigan); died 1990.

Painter.

Symbolism.

Edna Reindel worked in New York. After graduating in 1923 she undertook book illustration and commercial artwork. She then took a Tiffany Foundation Fellowship, after which she several painted murals for Stamford Housing Project, Connecticut, and for Swainsboro post office, Georgia, for the Treasury Department. Reindel held her first solo show in New York (...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 14 November 1833, in Philadelphia; died 8 November 1905, in Newport.

Painter, watercolourist. Landscapes, seascapes.

Symbolism.

Pre-Raphaelites.

William Trost Richards learned his craft in the studio of the German painter Paul Weber, and at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. He travelled to Europe in 1853 and worked in Paris, Florence and Rome. In 1856 he settled in Germantown (outside Philadelphia) and painted landscapes, which he tried to make as faithful to nature as possible. Richards was one of the first American painters to adopt the Pre-Raphaelite style. His precisely executed landscapes link him to the Hudson River School and the Luminists. He built his reputation on his watercolours of coastal landscapes....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 1905; died 1984.

Painter. Scenes with figures.

Symbolism.

Umberto Roberto Romano studied at the National Academy of Design, New York and exhibited regularly at the Carnegie Foundation, Pittsburgh. He received a mention and the Peabody Prize at the Art Institute of Chicago and the Springfield Prize at the Art Students League of New York. His technique depicts dramatically lit, tragic figures of symbolic or mystical significance, recalling certain works by El Greco or Ribera....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active between 1909 and 1946 in France.

Born 25 January 1886, in New York; died 1953, in Broomall (Pennsylvania).

Painter.

Symbolism, Synchromism.

Morgan Russell lived in Paris in 1906 and was drawn to the work of the Impressionists. On his return to America he enrolled at the Art Students League of New York and was the pupil of Robert Henri, a Realist painter who in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 19 March 1847, in New Bedford (Massachusetts); died 28 March 1917, in Elmhurst (New York).

Painter, writer. Figures, landscapes, seascapes.

Symbolism.

Albert Pinkham Ryder was born and brought up in the whaling port made famous by Herman Melville, but came with his family to New York in 1867. He received advice from the engraver William E. Marshall, who had studied in Paris. In 1972 he enrolled at the National Academy in New York. In 1877 he was one of the founders of the Society of American Artists; in 1902 became an associate member of the National Academy and a full member in 1906. He was awarded a silver medal in Buffalo in 1901. He travelled to Europe on several occasions but gradually abandoned painting....

Article

American, 20th century, female.

Born 1923, in Pittsburgh.

Painter. Figures.

Symbolism.

Nora Speyer trained at the Tyler College of Fine Art in Philadelphia. She settled in New York. She is the wife of the painter Sideo Frombolati. Speyer is most widely known for her works that question and challenge the role of women. In her exhibition of Dream Sequence [Dream Sequence] at the Galerie Speyer in Paris. Speyer portrays the bodies of women as if falling into the void of entangled bodies, an intriguing ballet of death, in rich and savoury, regularly-worked paint, with cool tonalities of greens and violets....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 5 August 1920, in Brooklyn, New York; died 27 March 2011, in Hartland, Vermont.

Painter. Scenes with figures, portraits, religious subjects. Stage sets.

Symbolism, American Magical Realism.

George Tooker studied at the Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, then at Harvard and with Reginald Marsh and Paul Cadmus at the Art Students League of New York ...

Article

American, 19th century, male.

Born 4 August 1853, in Cincinnati (Ohio); died 18 August 1902, in Gloucester (Massachusetts).

Painter, pastellist, engraver, draughtsman. Landscapes, landscapes with figures, waterscapes, flowers.

Symbolism.

Ten American Painters.

John Henry Twachtman was the son of a German immigrant. He was initially a pupil of Frank Duveneck at the Cincinnati School of Design, and later continued his studies at the Munich academy of fine arts in the studio of Ludwig von Löfftz. In 1875 he accompanied William Meritt Chase to Venice. On his return to Cincinnati in 1878 he settled almost immediately in New York, and he was elected a member of the Society of American Artists in 1879. He returned to Europe on several occasions and visited England, Holland, Belgium and Germany. In 1883 he entered the Académie Julian in Paris, where his teachers included Gustave Boulanger and Jules Joseph Lefebvre. It was at this time that he met Frank Benson, Childe Hassam, Willard Leroy Metcalf and Edmund Tarbell, with some of whom he formed the Ten American Painters group that organised annual exhibitions without a jury in New York from 1898 to 1919, on the fringe of the official art events. On his return to the USA in 1886, Twachtman taught at the Art Students League in New York and then in 1888 he withdrew to a farm in Connecticut. He spent the summer of 1900 in Gloucester, Massachusetts. The contents of his studio, comprising no fewer than 98 paintings, were sold on 24 March 1903 and raised $16,610. He won a number of awards: a medal in Chicago in 1893, the Webb prize from the Society of American Artists in New York, a Gold Medal from the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia in 1895 and a Silver Medal in Buffalo in 1901....