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Article

South African, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 23 June 1929, in Johannesburg; died 31 December 2006, in London.

Painter, printmaker, draughtsman.

Albert Adams moved to Cape Town with his mother and sister at the age of four. After high school he studied at Hewat College, and attended art classes with Peter Clarke; he was refused entrance to the Michaelis School of Fine Art because of the colour of his skin....

Article

Algerian, 20th century, male.

Active in France since 1965.

Born 1 June 1934, in Algiers.

Painter, engraver. Urban landscapes.

Mohamed Aksouh began work as a professional locksmith in 1949, and it was not until 1959 that he started sculpting and painting. He moved to Paris in ...

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Active in France since 1964.

Painter, engraver. Figure compositions, genre scenes, scenes with figures. Theatre decoration, designs for stained glass and for tapestries.

Mohamed Amich paints pictures of a Tunisia characterised by its traditions, festivals and crafts. Using a particularly wealthy range of colours, he construes and composes his works according to principal sketches and spatial structures, using a systematic approach stemming from Cubism via the teaching or example of André Lhote....

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1952.

Born 10 October 1936.

Painter, engraver.

Ouanès Amor went to live in France at the age of 16. From 1960, he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris under Robert Chastel. He became Gustave Singier's assistant in ...

Article

Willemijn Stokvis

(b Constantine, Algeria, Jan 23, 1913; d Paris, Feb 12, 1960).

French painter, lithographer and writer. The Jewish intellectual milieu in which he grew up led to his interest in philosophy and religion, and from 1930 to 1934 he studied philosophy at the Sorbonne. While in Paris, however, he was confronted with modern painting for the first time, and his interest in poetry was awakened. Recognizing a means of expressing his interest in magical phenomena, in 1941 he began to paint and write poetry. His activity in the Résistance and his Jewish ancestry led to his arrest in 1942; by pleading insanity he was able to save himself but was confined to the Sainte Anne asylum, where he wrote poetry and painted. In the autumn of 1944, shortly after leaving the asylum, his first and only collection of poems, Le Sang profond, was published, and he exhibited drawings at the Galerie Arc en Ciel.

During the immediate post-war years Atlan’s work was well received in Paris. He had a one-man show in ...

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Active in South Africa.

Born 1820, in King’s Lynn (Norfolk), England; died 1875, in Durban, South Africa.

Painter (oils, watercolours), printmaker (etching), draughtsman, explorer, cartographer, writer. Landscapes, marine and seascapes, portraits, natural history and ethnographic subjects.

Thomas Baines arrived at the Cape in ...

Article

Esmé Berman

(Whall)

(b Somerset East, Cape Province, Jan 6, 1906; d Port Shepstone, nr Durban, Aug 20, 1982).

South African painter and printmaker. He trained as an art teacher in Johannesburg (1929–32), and his long career culminated in his appointment to the Chair of Fine Arts at the University of South Africa (UNISA), Pretoria (1964–71). In the 1930s he was among the first to recognize the aesthetic value of southern African rock art, proclaiming his empathy in several books; he replaced his own former realist style with motifs derived from ancient petroglyphs and paintings, as in Quagga Race (610×760 mm, 1948; priv. col., see Berman).

The influence of European modernists from 1938 confirmed Battiss’s commitment to forms of primitive art but also led him closer to abstraction and gave rise to the bright palette that became his hallmark. Subsequent travels broadened his acquaintance with early cultures. Increasingly convinced that ‘calligraphic symbols are a universal language’, he began to incorporate rhythmical calligraphic figurations into compositions such as ...

Article

South African, 20th century, male.

Born 1906, in Somerset East, Eastern Cape; died 1982, in Port Shepstone, Natal (KwaZulu-Natal).

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, printmaker, Collage, installations, performance art.

Walter Whall Battiss was raised in the Orange Free State (Free State), where he was introduced to rock art by William Fowler. He worked in the Rustenburg Magistrate’s Office (...

Article

Tunisian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 13 April 1946, in Tunis.

Painter, engraver.

Nouvelle Figuration.

After obtaining his diploma from the school of fine arts in Tunis in 1966, Ben Meftah went on to study engraving at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris from 1966 to 1971...

Article

Algerian, 20th century, male.

Active in France since 1953.

Born 1931, in Mestghanem.

Painter, engraver, illustrator, painter (gouache), watercolourist. Designs for tapestries.

Abdallah Benanteur began his artistic studies at the school of fine art in Oran, completing them at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière in Paris. He settled in Paris in 1953. From 1972 to 1976, he taught in the architecture department of the École des Beaux-Arts and at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris....

Article

Algerian, 20th century, male.

Active since 1982 active in France.

Sculptor, painter, engraver.

From 1978 to 1982 he studied at the school of fine arts in Algiers, where he graduated in visual communications. He then went on to study at the Institut d'Arts Visuels in Orléans ...

Article

South African, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1956, in Kitwe, Zambia.

Painter, sculptor, printmaker, video artist, land artist, watercolourist, curator.

Clive van den Berg came to South Africa in 1966, and trained at the University of Natal. He taught fine arts at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg ...

Article

Tunisian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in France from 1972.

Born 30 May 1960, in Tunis.

Painter, engraver.

From 1980 to 1985 Meriem Bouderbala studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Aix en Provence. She lives and works in Nice. Her canvases are filled with wide bands of dark colour intersected by lighter bands. She uses greys, blue-greys, beiges and blacks. The material lets itself go from one stroke to another, evoking the weather, the dust, the sand, the light, the grain of the rock....

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Active in South Africa.

Born 1812, in Hertfordshire, England; died 1869, in London.

Painter (watercolour and oil), lithographer, draughtsman (chalk). Town scenes; landscapes, seascapes.

Thomas Bowler arrived at the Cape in 1834 with the newly appointed Royal Astronomer Thomas McClear. He tutored the children of the Commander of Robben Island ...

Article

Sudanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Omdurman.

Draughtsman, engraver. Figures.

Mohamed Bushara studied engraving at London's Slade School of Art from 1975 to 1977: during that same period he also spent time in Paris, Aix en Provence, Switzerland and Luxembourg and, in 1979...

Article

Tunisian, 20th century, male.

Born 16 November 1931, in Gafsa.

Painter, engraver. Local scenes, animals.

From 1957 to 1961, Brahim Dahak was a pupil at the school of fine art in Rome and then, during the period 1971-72, he studied at the Cité des Arts in Paris. He focused mainly on wood or linoleum engraving. From ...

Article

Egyptian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France from 1974.

Born 27 October 1949, in Cairo.

Painter, sculptor, engraver. Figures.

Sayed Darwiche learnt painting from his father, a calligrapher. He left Egypt after the two Egyptian-Israeli wars. His drawings and paintings show the figures of men, women and children, but through a violent form of expressionist deformation which approaches the work of the Abstract Expressionist artist Wilhem De Kooning, though his chosen blend of colours gives a sense of softness and luxury. Sayed Darwiche's sculptures, carved from old wood or quarried stone, come close to abstraction. They consist of curved, taut volumes whose sensual fullness contrasts with the ruggedness of his drawings and paintings....

Article

South African, 20th century, female.

Active in Canada from 1969.

Born 17 September 1936, in Piet Retief, South Africa.

Engraver (etching/aquatint), screen printer, watercolourist, photographer.

Jennifer Dickson studied at Goldsmiths in London and from 1961 to 1965 at the Atelier 17 engraving studio in Paris run by S.W. Hayter. She later spent time in Jamaica and the USA. In Canada she worked both as an artist and teacher. She was elected a member of the Royal Academy in London in ...

Article

Chika Okeke

(b Onitsha, Dec 25, 1931; d Aug 14, 1996).

Nigerian painter, printmaker and designer. He left Nigeria at the age of 14 and later studied at the Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts, London (1949–52). He received first prize for oil painting in the BBC Morning Show Art Competition, London (1970), a bronze medal for graphics (Brussels, 1971), the Cup of the City of Caserta, Italia 2000 (1972) and a medal in the 10th International Print Biennale, Krakow (1984). His early work was illustrative, but by the early 1960s his paintings became more schematic, as he adopted some of the design elements associated with uli (see Nigeria, Federal Republic of §V) as well as Igbo-Ugwu sculpture. These include bold, organic lines and broad, flat areas of colour, as well as decorative repeating patterns that give a unique graphic quality to his mature work.

Egonu began making prints in the early 1970s and created some of his best work in this medium. His subject-matter ranged from Igbo folktales and traditional themes, as in ...

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1931.

Painter, engraver.

After studying at the faculty of applied arts in Cairo, Omar El Nagdi was appointed Professor in the same faculty. He also studied painting at the school of fine art in Cairo. Subsequently he continued his training at various art academies including Venice, Ravenna and the Ruskin Institute in LondonHis abstract paintings and engravings draw their inspiration from Arabic writing and Greek decorative architectural motifs. Their subdued nature does not detract from their elegance. Omar El Nagdi has shown his works at numerous national and international collective exhibitions, including the ...