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Article

Rigmor Lovring

(b Ordrup, July 14, 1919; d Munkerup, nr Dronningmølle, Hillerød, June 29, 1982).

Danish painter, sculptor, designer and writer. He studied at the Kunsthåndvaerkerskole (1936–9) and the Kongelige Danske Kunstakademi (1939–46), both in Copenhagen. He experimented with non-figurative forms of expression in numerous media. He was a co-founder of Groupe Espace in 1951, and his work was important for the development of Concrete art internationally.

From 1947 to 1950 Aagaard Andersen developed a new, pure pictorial dynamic, moving from fine-lined drawings and faceted landscapes towards an abstract formal language that explored form in terms of light, shadow and reflection. His ‘picture boxes’, in which various elements manifested rhythmic and dynamic growth, explored the concept of painting as object. He began to use the techniques of folding and pleating (e.g. Black Picture Surface with Three Folded Sections, 1964; Esbjerg, Kstpav.), and his work was dominated by his interest in light and shadow.

Besides paintings, Aagaard Andersen produced a number of sculptures, for example the abstract steel work ...

Article

Finnish, 20th century, male.

Born 8 March 1894, in Martilla (Swedish St Mårtens); died 30 May 1966, in Helsinki.

Painter, sculptor. Figures. Monuments.

Vallio Aaltonen studied at the school of painting of the Turku Artistic Association. He became a teacher and member of the academy of Finland, as well as an associate member of the art academies of Brazil and the USSR....

Article

Leena Ahtola-Moorhouse

(Waldemar)

(b Marttila [Swed. St Mårtens], March 8, 1894; d Helsinki, May 30, 1966).

Finnish sculptor and painter. He was the most significant sculptor of the early decades of Finnish independence (after 1917). His style combined classical tranquillity with a modern sensitivity and disclosed the beauty of granite as a sculptural material. He studied painting at the School of Drawing of the Turku Art Association between 1910 and 1915 but on graduation began to practise moulding techniques and to teach himself stone sculpting. In 1916 his firm instincts and talent for monumental sculpture were remarked on at a general exhibition. His Granite Boy (1917–20; Helsinki, Athenaeum A. Mus.) is one of the masterpieces of his youth, the timid austerity of the child’s figure conveying an Egyptian quality. The marble sculptures Little Wader (1917–22; priv. col., see Okkonen, 1926) and Wader (1924; Helsinki, Athenaeum A. Mus.) are both good examples of Aaltonen’s tonal carving. His main concerns were light and shadow and the atmosphere they create around the sculpture. In ...

Article

Polish, 20th century, female.

Born 1930, in Falenty.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor.

A student at the academy of fine art in Warsaw between 1950 and 1955, Magdalena Abakanowicz taught at the fine arts college in Poznan from 1965 onwards. Initially a painter, she later took up sculpture and also began working with textiles in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 November 1876, in Montech; died 20 June 1953, in Carbonne.

Sculptor, painter, draughtsman. Figures, animals. Busts.

After following the advice of the sculpture-lovers in his family, Abbal became a pupil of Falguière and Mercié at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He started exhibiting at the Salon des Artistes Français from ...

Article

Egyptian, 20th century, male.

Born 1925; died 1988.

Sculptor, painter. Animals.

Salah Abdel Kerim studied at Cairo's faculty of art, continuing his studies in Italy and in Paris. He was appointed Professor of Decorative Art at the same faculty in Cairo and was later appointed Dean of Fine Arts in the city....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1932, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor.

Following a career as a reporter and photographer, Michel Abeille returned to painting, which he had first taken up in his youth, in 1968. He exhibited his work in a private exhibition in Paris in ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 10 January 1935, in Wigan.

Painter, sculptor.

Ivor Abrahams studied under Anthony Caro at St Martin’s School of Art (1952-1953) and under Karel Vogel at Camberwell School of Art (1954-1957). After serving as an apprentice at the Fiorini Art bronze foundry, Abrahams travelled extensively in Europe, notably living in France ...

Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born in Santa Cruz de Tenerife.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman. Figures, genre scenes, landscapes.

Juan Abreu painted landscapes and made miniatures, designs and sculptures. Spain provided the subjects for his work.

Article

María Antonia González-Arnal

(b Turmero, nr Maracay, Aug 22, 1919; d Caracas, Feb 20, 1993).

Venezuelan painter and sculptor. From 1943 to 1947 he studied drawing and painting in the Escuela de Artes Plásticas y Aplicadas, Caracas. He was a founder-member of the Taller Libre de Arte, taking part in its activities from 1949 to 1952. His paintings, always within a figurative framework, are marked by a pursuit of the magical and of indigenous roots. In his early work he was interested in the themes of roosters and flowers, using the surrounding environment as a source of inspiration. He expressed human, animal and vegetable existence in strong, warm colours (e.g. The Rooster, 1951; Caracas, Gal. A. N.). In 1952 Abreu moved to Europe, visiting Spain and Italy and living in Paris until 1962, when he returned to Venezuela. In Europe his contact with the Musée de l’Homme in Paris and with Surrealism produced a profound transformation in his work. He created his first Magical Objects...

Article

Abriel  

French, 20th century, male.

Born in Dinard.

Painter, sculptor.

Abriel exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants in 1932, 1937 and 1938 with paintings of flowers and works centring on social and philosophical subjects.

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born in Auxerre.

Painter. Portraits, still-lifes.

Acard-Picard was a pupil of both Fernand Bivel and Jacques Simon. She exhibited in Paris at the Salon des Femmes, for women painters and sculptors, and, from 1932, at the Salon des Artistes Français.

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 22 August 1920, in Genoa.

Painter, sculptor (including bronze), engraver, designer, collage artist.

The son of Piedmontese parents, Enrico Accatino studied at the fine arts academy in Rome from 1942 to 1945, and was a pupil of Felice Casorati. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 24 January 1940, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, performance artist, video artist. Multimedia.

Body Art, Conceptual Art.

Vito Acconci was born in the Bronx, New York and lives and works in Brooklyn. He studied at Holy Cross College in Worcester, Massachusetts and at the University of Iowa. He has taught in various art schools and universities and in particular at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, Yale University and the Parsons School of Design in New York....

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born in Paris.

Painter, sculptor. Landscapes.

Acézat was a pupil of Ernest Bergès and Adler and exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français, the Salon de la Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and the Salon d'Automne from 1927. She specialised in landscapes of Brittany....

Article

Colombian, 20th century, male.

Born 1904, in Suaita (Santander).

Painter, sculptor.

Acuna spent a period living in France, where he was a student of Henri Bouchard and Paul Landowsky, the sculptors. He began painting in the late 1920s, with still-lifes influenced by analytical cubism, sometimes bordering on abstraction. Although he adhered to the mode of muralism that came from Mexico, he simultaneously opposed all forms of academicism. As an art historian and critic, Acuna was one of the propagators of European forms of expression in Latin America. He first exhibited in ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 3 August 1955, in Bristol (Pennsylvania).

Painter, sculptor, video artist, installation artist.

Lisa Adams studied at the University of Heidelberg, Germany, in 1976; Scripps College, Claremont, California, obtaining a BA in 1977; and Claremont Graduate University, receiving an MFA in ...

Article

(b Northampton, Oct 5, 1917; d Gt Maplestead, Essex, April 5, 1984).

English sculptor and painter. He studied at the Northampton School of Art from 1933 to 1944. During World War II he was employed as an engineer, and after the war he spent two years teaching himself to sculpt in wood. Though he had participated in various group exhibitions during the war, it was not until 1947 that he had his first one-man show, of sculpture, at the Gimpel Fils Gallery in London. He also produced abstract paintings, but soon came to specialize in sculpture. His early sculpture of this period, such as Figure (1949–51; London, Tate), showed the influence of Henry Moore, whose works he knew from photographs. These comprised forms abstracted from natural objects, executed in wood, plaster and stone. After his one-man show he made several extended trips to Paris, where he became interested in the work of Brancusi and Julio González. In 1950 he received a Rockefeller award from the Institute of International Education to visit the USA. Having by then an established reputation, he was also commissioned to produce a 3-m high carving for the Festival of Britain in ...

Article

Adevor  

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active in England.

Born 1929, in Lugano (Ticino), Switzerland.

Painter, sculptor.

Since 1957 Adevor has been exhibiting in Italy, France, the USA and Asia. He lives and works in London. His early inspiration was linked to Lyric Abstraction.

Paris, 14 Dec 1990...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1878, in Laupheim (Württemberg); died 1942, in Hamburg, during deportation.

Painter, stucco artist. Designs (metal objects/leather objects/jewellery).

Jugendstil.

Friedrich Adler studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich from 1894 to 1898, then became a pupil of the Debschitz Schule in Munich (the famous school founded by Wilhelm Debschitz and Hermann Obrist) as soon as it opened in ...