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Article

Midori Yoshimoto

(Aiko)

(b Norwalk, CA, Jan 24, 1926; d San Francisco, CA, Aug 5, 2013).

American sculptor, painter and draftsman. Asawa was born the fourth of seven children to Japanese immigrants and her childhood on a thriving truck farm formed her work ethic. During World War II, the Asawas were separated into different internment camps. At the Rohwer Relocation Center in Arkansas, Ruth was able to learn drawing from interned Japanese–American illustrators. In 1943 a scholarship allowed her to leave the camp to study at Milwaukee State Teachers College. However, when she realized that she could never find a teaching position in Wisconsin because of her Japanese ancestry, she headed to Black Mountain College in North Carolina in 1946. The Black Mountain College community, including illustrious teachers such as Albers family, §1 and R(ichard) Buckminster Fuller, nurtured Asawa’s artistic foundation and philosophy. There she started on looped-wire sculpture after discovering the basket crocheting technique in Mexico in 1947. Upon graduation, she married her classmate, the architect Albert Lanier (...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1915, in Tokyo.

Painter, sculptor.

Jiro Asazuma was educated and greatly influenced by the painter Saburo Hasegawa, a theoretician of Abstract art.

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1962, in Zhejiang.

Painter, sculptor. Nudes.

Chen Wanshan began by studying sculpture at the National Zhejiang Academy of Fine Arts, graduating in 1985, and then took up painting. He teaches at the Central Academy of Fine Arts in Beijing. Both his sculptures and his paintings have appeared in many exhibitions in China and in ...

Article

Chinese, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1953.

Painter, sculptor. Portraits, still-lifes, landscapes.

or Zheng Zaidong

Cheng Tsai-tung trained in journalism before switching to painting. While technically fairly rudimentary, his work proceeds from a synthetic vision that he renders in large flat areas.

1984–1985, Taiwan New Painting...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Active in Taiwan.

Born 20 January 1938, in Miaoli.

Sculptor, painter. Figures.

Chu Ming trained as a wood-carver in traditional style, treating historical and religious subjects. He was taught between 1968 and 1976 by the sculptor Yang Ying-feng (b. 1906) who helped him develop a simplified, more expressive style. He is best known for his series of taiji (shadow-boxing) figures dating from the mid-1970s (several of which were later displayed at the South Bank, London) and the ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Draughtsman, poster artist, graphic designer, sculptor.

Op Art.

Fukuda Shigeo is an international figure. He exhibits frequently, receiving numerous awards. He first exhibited in France in 1992, at the Quimper Contemporary Art Centre, and later at the Echirolles Mois du gra­phisme exhibition. Working in the tradition of Escher, he has become a master of illu­sionism. Drawings and objects can immediately be seen in two ways, familiar and disturbing, even absurd or impossible. His outlines, his even style of drawing, his flat colours all contribute to this visual tension....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1898, in Tomioka (Gumma); died 16 October 1992, in Tokyo.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor.

Fukuzawa Ichiro went to Tokyo University in 1918 to study literature, aesthetics and art history. Between 1918 and 1919, he studied sculpture under Asukura Fumio. In ...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1962, in Beijing.

Painter, sculptor, mixed-media installation artist, animation artist.

Gu Dexin is a self-taught artist and co-founder of the New Mark Group (later became the Analysis Group) in the late 1980s. This group, working collaboratively, is more interested in questioning the importance of concepts, language, and authorship, such as ...

Article

Japanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1949, in Niigata.

Sculptor, painter, draughtsman, pastellist. Monuments, low reliefs.

After training at Tamabi Art School in Tokyo from 1968 to 1972, Harada Tetsuo went to Paris and continued his training at the École des beaux-arts. He went on to teach at the École d’Architecture in Versailles, working at Fresnay-l’Évêque, near Chartres, and living in Paris. Harada makes monumental sculpture in granite and marble on the themes of nature and water. He often cuts his own stone to make flat sculptures in which the forms are drawn in either horizontally, along the ground, or vertically. In ...

Article

Japanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1946, in Kagawa Prefecture.

Sculptor, painter, draughtsman, engraver.

Haraguchi Noriyuki studied at Nihon Uni­versity until 1970. His style can be described as Pop Art and he mainly uses heavy materials such as concrete, steel, copper and tar. Work by him was shown at the following: the seventh Exhibition of Contemporary Japanese Art (...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1956, in Hong Kong.

Educator, curator, writer, sculptor, painter.

Ho received a B.F.A. from the University of Saskatchewan in 1980 and an M.F.A. from the University of California, Davis, in 1983. After returning to Hong Kong, Ho was the exhibition director of the Hong Kong Arts Centre ...

Article

Chinese, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1902, in Huaiyin (Jiangsu); died 1986.

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor.

After studying at the National Central Uni­versity in Nanjing from 1930 to 1933, Hua Tianyou left for France, entering the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where he studied under Bouchard. His first years in France were a time of great poverty and indifference on the part of his contemporaries. Finally, in ...

Article

Chinese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Shanghai.

Born 1949, in Shanghai.

Painter, sculptor. Figure compositions.

Huang Yinghao studied sculpture at the fine arts academy of Zhejiang in 1966. From 1969 to 1981 he did artwork for various magazines in Shanghai. In 1982 he returned to his studies, this time to the painting section of Jiaotong University in Shanghai. He exhibits both in China and abroad....

Article

Japanese, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in Germany.

Born 1951.

Painter, sculptor, draughtswoman, watercolourist. Figures.

Symbolism.

Leiko Ikemura lives in Cologne and Berlin, where she teaches painting at the Hochschule der Künste. She started to become known in the 1980s, notably in Switzerland. Her style, related to the new Expressionism of the beginning of the 1980s, has veered towards Symbolism. The central figures of her mythology are a little girl and a cat, and her magical universe is bathed in metamorphoses between the animal, vegetable and human kingdoms. She shows her works in solo exhibitions, including ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1943, in Osaka.

Painter, engraver, sculptor.

Inumaki studied sculpture at the teacher training college in Kyoto. After completing his studies, he turned to two-dimensional art, fascinated by problems of pictorial and surface space. His art claims to be neutral in the repetition of simple forms, but proves to be quite attractive beneath an apparent dryness. Lines of movement, created from the clever play of medium on the monochrome surface, break up the austere appearance. He has taken part in numerous group exhibitions since ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA 1965–1975.

Born 1935, in Tokyo.

Painter, sculptor, engraver.

Isobe graduated in 1956 with a diploma from the department of Western painting at the university of fine art in Tokyo. He took up residence from 1965 for ten years in New York, where he abandoned painting and sculpture. He reappeared on the artistic scene in ...

Article

Japanese, 20th century, male.

Born 1940, in Kobe.

Painter, sculptor of assemblages. Multimedia.

Conceptual Art.

Kawaguchi studied at the Tama School of Fine Art in Tokyo, graduating in 1962. He teaches at the University of Akashi. Kawaguchi’s interest in conceptual art appeared early in his career. Since then, he has used the new media of light, video, photography and film. He creates assemblages of markers arranged in a space, some of which can be electronically stimulated. Interested in making his art available outside normal gallery and museum spaces, he has produced two works for Japanese high schools: ...

Article

Japanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 24 April 1948, in Osaka.

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor.

Conceptual Art.

Kitatsuji Yoshihisa studied at the Tama Art School, Tokyo, from 1968 to 1972. The next year he travelled to the West, visiting France, Germany, Italy and The Netherlands. He lives and works in Osaka. His work is first and foremost a reflection on painting itself, how the image fades and wastes away; at the same time, his work is concerned with the artist’s eye, which gives the image its quality. He uses photocopying techniques to produce modified repetitions of an original drawing....

Article

Japanese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in France since 1981.

Born 1954, in Okinawa.

Painter, pastellist, sculptor, lithographer.

Manabu Kochi acquired his artistic education on his travels across cultures and civilisations, from Tokyo to Florence, from London to Paris, where he eventually settled. He works in acrylics and oil pastels. He is also a lithographer, which allows him to increase the volume of his graphic work, and a sculptor: some of his sculpture is in cast bronze. His artistic identity is a synthesis of different influences - children’s drawings, Miró, Brauner, and pop art are dominant in his painting; and primitive art, Miró, Arp, and Max Ernst in his sculpture. His paintings and pastels are a maze of simplified images and juxtaposed graphic signs. Françoise Monnin has described his bestiary sculpture as ‘... anatomic fragments: a head on a foot, three fingers on a belly... a man with a leaf for a head beside a feather with a mouth....’...

Article

Sook-Kyung Lee

One of the characteristics of Korean contemporary art is a continuous effort in employing and interpreting international art practices and discourses. Art movements from Europe and North America in particular, including Abstract Expressionism, Art informel, Minimalism, Conceptual art and Post-modernism, have influenced many Korean artists’ styles and ideas since the 1950s, providing formal and conceptual grounds for critical understandings and further experiments. Whilst some artists who maintained traditional art forms such as ink painting and calligraphy exercised modernist styles and abstract forms largely within the norms and conventions of traditional genres, a large group of artists proactively adapted to Western styles, employing new materials and techniques as well as the notions of avant-garde and experimentalism (see fig.).

A major critique of the reception of Western art and aesthetics came from ‘Minjung art’ (People’s Art) in the 1980s as part of instigating a nationalist and politically charged art strategy. Several art historians and critics who emerged in the 1990s also expanded the scope of the debate with postcolonial and pluralist points of view. The shift in social, economic and political environments played an important role in changing sensibilities in art, along with the advances of technology and new media in the 2000s. The high degree of diversity and sophistication of Korean art in terms of media and subject matters became widely acknowledged within and outside the nation, and an increasing number of artists started to work on the cutting edge of international art....