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Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 3 August 1955, in Bristol (Pennsylvania).

Painter, sculptor, video artist, installation artist.

Lisa Adams studied at the University of Heidelberg, Germany, in 1976; Scripps College, Claremont, California, obtaining a BA in 1977; and Claremont Graduate University, receiving an MFA in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 20 January 1951, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, illustrator.

Agid began his studies in 1970-1971 by taking one course of teaching and research on the environment. He studied architecture between 1971 and 1976, before registering in fine arts at the Université de Paris VIII....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1953, in Troyes.

Sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist, video artist.

Hélène Agofroy lives and works in Paris. The origins of Hélène Agofroy's sculptures can be found in the paintings of the Quattrocento. She is interested in the positioning of objects in Italian frescoes and paintings. She studies their multiple perspectival effects, then incorporates them into her sculpture. From common elements, such as wood, plaster and resin, Agofroy builds light, open worked sculptures of complex geometric design. They invoke overturned hulls, light cradles, or, as in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 22 June 1952, in Bordeaux.

Painter (including mixed media), sculptor, potter. Stage sets.

At the age of 24, Philippe Aïni gave up his job as a pastry cook to become an artist, although he lacked any training. At first, he was supported and encouraged to exhibit by Jean-Pierre Roche of the Galerie Émergences in Bordeaux (...

Article

Marcella Nesom-Sirhandi

(b Delhi, India, Feb 4, 1941; d Lahore, Pakistan, Jan 18, 1999).

Pakistani painter, sculptor and printmaker. Educated in Pakistan and abroad, he has consciously and successfully synthesized Eastern and Western aesthetic traditions. In 1963, a year after graduating from the National College of Arts, Lahore, he joined the faculty as a lecturer in art, later becoming a professor and head of the Department of Fine Arts. His studies abroad have included post-graduate work in London (1966–7, 1968–9) and the United States (1987–9).

Like many of his colleagues, Zahoor was influenced by his mentor, Shakir ‛Ali, principal of the National College of Art from 1961 to 1975. Both artists were motivated by art history, philosophy and aesthetics. Zahoor’s non-figurative paintings of the 1960s evolved into tangible—though not always realistic—images addressing the dualities of space and time, East and West. Most of his triptychs and single canvases were conceived within a grid that provides a stabilizing structure for their compositions. This grid refers to Zahoor’s admiration for the American artist ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1966, in New York.

Sculptor, painter, installation artist. Murals.

Ricci Albenda studied at the Rhode Island School of Design, including courses in architecture, receiving a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in 1988. His interest in architecture (as well as in graphic design and physics) figures prominently in his installation art, in which he creates environments which challenge the viewer's spatial perceptions. He uses such materials as fibreglass, wallboard, aluminium and acrylic paint. In his exhibition ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 11 January 1953, in Saïda.

Painter, pastellist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Designs for stained glass.

Figuration Libre, Citationism.

Jean-Michel Albérola lived in Algeria until 1962. He then went to France, living successively in several cities, including Marseilles, Toulouse, Avignon and Paris. He studied in Marseilles and in Aix-en-Provence. Until ...

Article

Aurélie Verdier

(b Saïda, Algeria, 1953).

French painter, sculptor, photographer, film maker, writer and installation artist of Algerian birth. Born to Spanish parents, he was much affected by North African as well as Southern European culture. He trained at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Le Havre. Despite a pervasive and diverse use of media, Alberola often stressed the coexistence of his different artistic practices as leading to painting alone. His paintings relied heavily on evocative narratives, at once personal and ‘historical’. Alberola conceived of his role as a storyteller, on the model of African oral cultures. Convinced that narratives could not be renewed, he argued that a painter’s main task was to reactivate his work through contact with his pictorial heritage. The main points of reference for his paintings of the early 1980s were Velázquez, Manet or Matisse, whose works he quoted in a personal way. In the early 1980s he undertook a series of paintings inspired by mythological subjects, which he combined with his own history as the principal subject-matter of his work. The biblical story of Susannah and the Elders as well as the Greek myth of Actaeon provided his most enduring subjects, both referring to the act of looking as taboo, as in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1971, in Nanterre.

Draughtsman, sculptor.

Conceptual Art.

Albert lives and works in Paris and Nice. Stéphane Albert enquires into things and their relative individuality. He also plays upon the ordinariness of his family name, which he has made a subject of his work as an artist. He 'draws', which is to say, writes, copies of pages of books having characters by the name of Albert. By this process, he shows the desperation of the contemporary hero. In the same vein, he also produces formal duplicates in wood of various familiar objects (garbage, crates, palettes, rubble), achieving almost their dematerialisation before giving them a new singularity through his artistic gesture....

Article

M. Dolores Jiménez-Blanco

(b Madrid, 1942).

Spanish painter, sculptor and printmaker. After studying at the Escuela Superior de Bellas Artes in Madrid he came under the influence of Pop art during a stay in London in 1965. On settling again in Madrid in that year he began to concentrate on images of movement, as in the screenprint Story of the Man Who Falls I, for which he was awarded a prize at the Kraków Biennale in 1966. He continued to explore movement through serial forms and stereotyped images in plexiglass constructions such as the Changeable Movement series (1967) and from 1968 used computers as part of this process. These interests led to sculptures and paintings titled Transformable Movements, which he presented in association with aleatoric music.

Alexanco became increasingly involved with performance and collaborated with the Spanish composer Luis de Pablo (b 1930) on Soledad interrumpida (1971) and Historia natural...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1951, in Paris.

Sculptor, painter. Figure compositions, figures.

Patrice Alexandre studied with Georges Jeanclos at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and was a resident at the Villa Medicis in Rome in 1983.

Alexandre learned his terracotta technique from Jeanclos, as well as a number of other skills. His poetic domain is totally different. In very modest dimensions, for example, about 20 or 24 inches (50 or 60 cm), he evokes an arena with hundreds of miniscule personae. Even when looked at through a magnifying glass, the figures are completely individualized in their physiques and in their attitudes. The only risk with these striking creations of virtuosity is that they resemble assemblages of little saints. No doubt Alexandre himself was aware of such a risk, and totally abandoned this kind of work around ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1951, in Troutbeck Bridge, Cumbria.

Sculptor, painter, draughtsman, mixed media.

New British Sculpture.

Edward Allington was educated at the Lancaster College of Art (1968-1971), the Central School of Art and Design, London (1971-1974) and the Royal College of Art (...

Article

Sofia Hernández Chong Cuy

American installation artists, active also in Puerto Rico. Jennifer Allora (b Philadelphia, Mar 20, 1974) graduated with a bachelor’s degree in art from the University of Richmond, Virginia (1996), and Guillermo Calzadilla (b Havana, Cuba, Jan 10, 1971) graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts from the Escuela de Artes Plastica in San Juan, Puerto Rico (1996). Allora and Calzadilla met in Italy in 1995 during a study abroad program in Florence. They then lived together in San Juan for a year before moving to New York City where they started working collaboratively while each participated in different residency and study programs. In 1998–1999, Allora participated in the year-long Whitney Independent Study Program, while Calzadilla participated in the P.S.1 Contemporary Arts Center National Studio Program.

Allora & Calzadilla’s first important international exhibition was the XXIV Bienal de São Paulo in 1998 curated by Paulo Herkenhoff, which investigated the idea of cultural cannibalism known in Brazilian literature as ...

Article

Canadian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in Montreal.

Born 8 February 1947, in Quebec.

Installation artist, sculptor, draughtswoman, photographer.

Jocelyne Alloucherie studied at the Visual Arts School at the University of Laval in Quebec and at the University of Concordia in Montreal. In 2002 she was awarded the Prix Paul-Émile Borduas for her contribution to the cultural life of Quebec....

Article

Alquin  

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 16 July 1958, in Brussels.

Sculptor, draughtsman.

Alquin is the son of Pierre Alechinsky, and decided to make his own name. Even in his youth, he spent a great deal of time drawing. He worked either in pen or in hard pencil, using controlled strokes, with a hyperrealist minuteness, but also with a personal sensibility. His subjects were figures, or, more often than not, animals, such as leaping dogs. In his father's studio, he quietly, gradually acquired his artistic training, and finally chose to be a sculptor. His first works date from just before ...

Article

Italian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 17 July 1947, in Milan.

Painter, sculptor, theorist.

Arte Povera, Conceptual Art.

Adriano Altamira put forward his first critical observations on the phenomena of vision in 1967. Next he began to use minimalist structures, plaits and interlacings, like some of the methods used in France by the ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Cologne.

Born 1966, in Cologne.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, installation artist. Figures, portraits, scenes with figures.

Kai Althoff is a self-taught artist. He seeks a way to describe the world about him in the setting of its historical and religious references and to portray its characters, without putting anything into his painting other than this kind of nostalgic description. To achieve this, he borrows from different genres, depending on the often dramatic contents of his images. He employs a wide variety of themes, references and historical quotations, and shows a particular interest in the 1970s, medieval imagery and popular culture. He uses a number of different techniques, creating installations for which he writes accompanying texts, as well as writing scenarios for performances, videos and the cinema. His installations are made up of composite elements, such as piles of paintings or drawings covered in plastic. Painting is thus only one of many means of expression for him, and he experiments with many styles, alternating caricature with Romantic sensitivity, Expressionist distortions or even Abstraction. His palette is sombre, consisting mainly of variations on greys, browns and greens, accentuating the harrowing melancholy of a universe that is haunted by the constant resurgence of history. He sometimes treats his canvases with resins that make the paint blister in places and seem to threaten its preservation. He is also a musician....

Article

Italian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 24 March 1955, in Millesimo (Savona).

Sculptor (marble/bronze), draughtswoman, pastellist, art restorer. Mythological figures. Statues, groups, low reliefs.

Claudia Amari entered the Accademia di Brera in Milan in 1974, and also trained in the marble-working studios of Sem Ghelardini, Palla and Grossi in Pietrasanta and Carrara. Then in ...

Article

Chika Okeke-Agulu

(b Cairo, May 22, 1963).

American painter, sculptor, fibre and installation artist of Egyptian birth. Amer, one of the few young artists of African origin to gain prominence in the late 1990s international art scene, studied painting in France at the Villa Arson EPIAR, Nice (MFA, 1989), and the Institut des Hautes Etudes en Art Plastique, Paris (1991). She subsequently moved to New York. She is best known for her canvases in which paint and embroidery are combined to explore themes of love, desire, sexuality, and women’s identity in a patriarchal world. Amer’s use of Embroidery, historically regarded as a genteel female craft, to create images of women fulfilling their sexual desires without inhibition, recalls the provocations and strategies of 1970s Western feminist art. However, her work also reflects her alarm at the incremental curbing of women’s social and political freedoms in her native Egypt following the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, especially after the regime of Gamal Abdel Nasser ended in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 25 June 1947, in Tunis.

Painter, engraver, sculptor, decorative designer.

Sylvaine Ancona studied at the École Municipale de Dessin from 1965 to 1967, and at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Nice from 1967 to 1971. From 1981 to ...