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Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born in Santa Cruz de Tenerife.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman. Figures, genre scenes, landscapes.

Juan Abreu painted landscapes and made miniatures, designs and sculptures. Spain provided the subjects for his work.

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1878, in Laupheim (Württemberg); died 1942, in Hamburg, during deportation.

Painter, stucco artist. Designs (metal objects/leather objects/jewellery).

Jugendstil.

Friedrich Adler studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich from 1894 to 1898, then became a pupil of the Debschitz Schule in Munich (the famous school founded by Wilhelm Debschitz and Hermann Obrist) as soon as it opened in ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, female.

Born 1925, in Zofingen.

Painter, sculptor. Figures.

The partner of Jean Tinguely, Éva Aeppli studied at the school of arts and crafts in Basel before moving to Paris in 1953.

Initially she executed paintings that bordered on Abstraction, although there were hints of human silhouettes. After ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 17 May 1867, in Paris; died 4 September 1922, in Chamonix.

Painter, sculptor, draughtswoman. Portraits, landscapes, still-lifes, flowers. Decorative panels.

Georgette Agutte came from a wealthy bourgeois family who were interested in art. She began studying sculpture by Louis Schroeder. She attended lessons given by Gustave Moreau at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, as did Matisse and Rouault, artists of her generation. After her divorce in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 11 July 1844, in Paris; died 12 August 1929.

Painter, sculptor. Figures. Groups.

He was taught by Lequesne and Schanewerck. He exhibited sculptures and paintings at the Salon des Artistes Français in Paris between 1865 and 1928, winning a gold medal in ...

Article

Freya Probst

(b Hanau, July 1874; d Berlin, July 3, 1913).

German silversmith, sculptor and painter. He attended the Zeichenakademie and the Kunstgewerbeschule in Hanau then studied at the Kunstgewerbeschule, Berlin, and the Académie Julian in Paris, before finally becoming a student of the sculptor Louis Tuaillon at the Kunstakademie, Berlin. From 1894 to 1903 he worked at the renowned silverware factory of Bruckmann & Söhne in Heilbronn, modelling goblets, cutlery, sports prizes and medals etc. In collaboration with Otto Rieth, professor at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Berlin, Amberg made a silver fountain (h. 3.2 m) for the Exposition Universelle, Paris, in 1900.

After designing the silver for the Town Hall of Aachen (1903) and spending a year in Rome (1903–4), Amberg completed his most important work, the design of the Hochzeitszug (Berlin, Tiergarten, Kstgewmus.), a table centre for the wedding of Wilhelm (1882–1951), Crown Prince of Germany and Prussia and Herzogin Cecilie von Mecklenburg-Schwerin (...

Article

Swedish, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 28 February 1871, in Vienna; died 1940.

Painter, sculptor. Animals. Groups.

Märta Améen was from a Swedish family and trained under Courtois and Dagnan-Bouveret in Paris. She began by painting animals, but then devoted herself to sculpture. Two groups were exhibited in Paris and Stockholm: ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, female.

Sculptor, painter. Still-lifes.

Blanche Ames lived in Lowell, Massachusetts, between 1903 and 1904.

New York, 24 Oct 1986: Still-life (1923, oil on canvas, 30 × 24½ ins/76.2 × 62.5 cm) USD 1,000

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 28 March 1868, in Solothurn; died 1961, in Oschwand (Bern).

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist, engraver, lithographer, sculptor. Figure compositions, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes.

Die Brücke group. School of Pont-Aven.

Cuno Amiet began his artistic training under Frank Buchser in Feldbrunnen from 1884 to 1886. From 1886 to 1888 he trained at the academy of fine art in Munich. From 1888 to 1891 he trained under the guidance of William Bouguereau and Tony Robert-Fleury at the Académie Julian in Paris. Up to that point he had been influenced by Impressionism, which was still very much in evidence. Then in 1892, he went to Pont-Aven and made contact with O'Connor, Émile Bernard, Sérusier and Armand Seguin. They introduced him to the ideas and techniques suggested by Gauguin to those who would soon be classed as the École de Pont-Aven. They would also call themselves 'Nabis'....

Article

(b Solothurn, March 28, 1868; d Oschwand, July 6, 1961).

Swiss painter and sculptor. From 1884 to 1886 he received irregular lessons from the Swiss painter Frank Buscher (1828–90). In the autumn of 1886 he attended the Akademie der bildenden Künste in Munich and the following year met Giovanni Giacometti, who was to be a lifelong friend. In 1888 he visited the Internationale Kunstausstellung in Munich, where he was particularly impressed by the work of Jules Bastien-Lepage and Whistler. This prompted him to go to Paris to continue his studies, and from 1888 to 1891 he attended the Académie Julian, working under William-Adolphe Bouguereau, Tony Robert-Fleury and Gabriel Ferrier. While in Paris he also met Paul Sérusier, Maurice Denis and other Nabis artists, though his own painting of this period was most influenced by Impressionism. In 1892 he was advised to visit Pont-Aven in Brittany, where he met Emile Bernard, Armand Séguin and Roderic O’Conor, as well as seeing the works of Vincent Van Gogh and Gauguin at first hand. This brief period had a decisive effect upon his work, leading to such Synthetist paintings as ...

Article

Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1873; died 1932.

Sculptor, draughtsman. Busts, monuments.

Symbolism.

Nicolai Andreevich Andreev received the authorisation to draw in Lenin's office in 1919; from these drawings, which later were also used by other artists, he executed a series of busts that made him famous. Andreev also sculpted the monuments in Moscow to Gogol and Herzen, the 19th-century revolutionary writer....

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 10 March 1871, in Waidhofen-am-Ybbs; died 19 May 1956, in Vienna.

Painter, sculptor, engraver, illustrator. Genre scenes. Toys.

Art Nouveau.

Secession group.

Andri studied under Julius Berger and Edouard Lichtenfels at the Venice Academy, then, from 1892, under Claus Meyer at Karlsruhe Academy, before returning to settle in Venice. In ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1844, in New Orleans; died 1923, in New Orleans.

Painter, sculptor.

Jules Andrieu studied with Ernest Ciceri in Paris and then worked at Pass Christian c. 1907-1908.

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1953, in Paris.

Sculptor, draughtsman.

Symbolism.

Jean Anguera is the grandson of the sculptor Pablo Gargallo. He graduated in architecture in 1978 (UP2) in Paris. He also attended lectures by César Baldaccini at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris (...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born to a family originally from Cologne.

Painter, sculptor.

Aragon worked in Rome, where she exhibited two busts ( Bacchante and Ciocciara) at the Union of Artists and Art-lovers in 1873. In 1874, she sent a faun's head, in marble, to the exhibition at the academy of Berlin....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born in Paris.

Painter, sculptor (bronze). Allegorical themes, portraits.

From 1906 Henry Arnold exhibited at the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and became a member in 1911. He also participated in the Salon d'Automne and the Salon des Tuileries, showing sculptures as well as paintings or drawings. One of his sculptures, ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Dorking at the end of the 19th century.

Born 1853; died 1938.

Painter, sculptor. Mythological subjects, genre scenes.

Reginald Arnold's works were shown at the Suffolk Street Gallery and at the London Royal Academy from 1876. In 1910...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1923, in Shilova, Lithuania; died, 2 July 2015, in Sudbury, Massachusetts.

Painter, sculptor, pastellist. Figures, portraits.

Symbolism.

David Aronson was the son of a rabbi and arrived in the USA at the age of five. He founded the School of Art at the University of Boston, which he ran for 30 years. He received many awards including the Purchase Prize at the National Academy of Fine Arts in ...

Article

Frederick N. Bohrer

Style of the second half of the 19th century and the early 20th, inspired by Assyrian artefacts of the 9th to 7th centuries bc. These were first brought to public attention through the excavations by Paul-Emile Botta (1802–70) at Khorsabad and Austen Henry Layard at Nimrud in the 1840s. By 1847 both the Louvre in Paris and the British Museum in London had begun to display these objects, the size and popularity of which were such that the Louvre created a separate Musée des Antiquités Orientales, while the British Museum opened its separate Nineveh Gallery in 1853. The same popularity, fuelled by Layard’s best-selling Nineveh and its Remains (London, 1849) and Botta’s elaborate Monument de Ninive (Paris, 1849–50), led to further explorations elsewhere in Mesopotamia.

Assyrian revivalism first appeared in England rather than France, which was then in political turmoil. The earliest forms of emulation can be found in the decorative arts, such as the ‘Assyrian style’ jewellery that was produced in England from as early as ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 17 January 1873, in Manchester; died 21 September 1931, in Paris.

Painter, sculptor. Landscapes.

Vorticism.

Lawrence Atkinson trained as a musician in Paris and Berlin before becoming a painter. He painted landscapes in a fauvist manner and exhibited at the Allied Artists' Association in London in ...