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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 20 April 1900, in Chatillon-Coligny (Loiret); died, Jacques died in 1984.

Painters, sculptors (including bronze/ceramics), decorative designers. Landscapes, figures, animals.

The Adnet twins exhibited together at the Salon des Artistes Français, winning a joint travel scholarship in 1927. They were members of the Salon d'Automne and also exhibited at the Salons des Indépendants and Salon des Tuileries. Their submissions of paintings have largely been of landscapes, but they have also offered paintings of furniture. Their careers later led them into the decorative arts; Jacques created the ...

Article

Israeli, 20th century, male.

Active from 1951 also active in France.

Born 11 May 1928, in Rishon LeZiyyon.

Painter, sculptor. Wall decorations, monuments.

Op Art, Kinetic Art.

The son of a rabbi, Yaacov Agam was educated at the Bezalel art college in Jerusalem. He was arrested by the British in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, female.

Born 17 May 1867, in Paris; died 4 September 1922, in Chamonix.

Painter, sculptor, draughtswoman. Portraits, landscapes, still-lifes, flowers. Decorative panels.

Georgette Agutte came from a wealthy bourgeois family who were interested in art. She began studying sculpture by Louis Schroeder. She attended lessons given by Gustave Moreau at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, as did Matisse and Rouault, artists of her generation. After her divorce in ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 1939, in Fleurus (Hainaut).

Sculptor, painter. Monuments.

Claude Alard trained as a locksmith in 1959, but was self-taught as an artist. He was the decorator for the theatre at the Maison de la Culture in Bourges. From ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 November 1925, in La Ciotat.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, sculptor, lithographer, illustrator. Figure compositions, figures, nudes, portraits, interiors, landscapes, urban landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes. Wall decorations.

Symbolism.

Jean-Pierre Alaux was the son of François Alaux and the great-great-grandson of Jean-Paul Alaux. From ...

Article

Albin  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 February 1941, in Paris.

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor, draughtsman, decorative designer.

Albin studied sculpture and mural decoration in Paris at the École des Arts Appliqués à l'Industrie, and engraving and lithography at the École des Beaux-Arts. He creates décors for television, film, theatre and the opera. The French state has commissioned sculptures and frescoes from him....

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 25 June 1947, in Tunis.

Painter, engraver, sculptor, decorative designer.

Sylvaine Ancona studied at the École Municipale de Dessin from 1965 to 1967, and at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Nice from 1967 to 1971. From 1981 to ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...

Article

Arcabas  

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1926, in Frémery (Moselle).

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. Figure compositions, religious subjects, landscapes. Murals, church decoration, designs for mosaics and stained-glass windows, stage sets, stage costumes.

Arcabas studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and also had a degree. He was a friend of the painter Dimitri Varbanesco. He exhibited in numerous towns in France and abroad. From ...

Article

Spanish, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1958.

Born 26 February 1937, in Madrid.

Painter (including mixed media), watercolourist, decorative designer, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman. Scenes with figures, figures, portraits. Stage sets.

Nouvelle Figuration, Figuration Narrative.

Eduardo Arroyo was educated at the Lycée Français in Madrid and then at the School of Journalism. At the age of 21, he left Franco's Spain for Paris, where he was to remain in exile for some 20 years. Although his original intention was to be a journalist rather than a painter, he saw painting as the most accessible and effective medium for his main aim, which was political militancy. He taught himself to paint, but this was made easier by the fact that it was not so much any possible aesthetic dimension to the work that interested him, but rather its immediate intelligibility and the power of the image. He brought together a mixture of techniques to create the effective image. Collage in its various forms was a constant feature of his style. In his early work, he often turned to what was then called 'Modification': that is, taking either a genuine picture from a second-hand shop, or a reproduction (as in the case of a work by Goya, Velázquez or Miró), and superimposing pictorial additions to alter the meaning, generally with the aim of being controversial and often humorous as well. He rapidly became a master of minimalist techniques, and soon began to exhibit at group shows. Some of these early shows were at the traditional exhibition centres, such as the Salon des Grands et Jeunes d'Aujourd'hui and the Salon de Mai. He was an influential member of the Salon de la Jeune Peinture, where he exhibited from 1960 onwards, and his exhibitions there between 1964 and 1969 (with Aillaud and Récalcati) triggered militant activity that led to a temporary change in the group's name....

Article

Marco Livingstone

(b Washington, DC, Dec 26, 1924; d in Albany, NY, Feb 9, 2013).

American sculptor and painter . He studied art in 1949–50 under Amédée Ozenfant in New York. During the 1950s he designed and made furniture in New York, but after a fire that destroyed most of the contents of his shop in 1958 he turned again to art, initially painting abstract pictures derived from memories of the New Mexican landscape.

Artschwager continued to produce furniture and, after a commission to make altars for ships in 1960, had the idea of producing sculptures that mimicked actual objects while simultaneously betraying their identity as artistic illusions. At first these included objets trouvés made of wood, overpainted with acrylic in an exaggerated wood-grain pattern (e.g. Table and Chair, 1962–3; New York, Paula Cooper priv. col., see 1988–9 exh. cat., p. 49), but he soon developed more abstract or geometrical versions of such objects formed from a veneer of formica on wood (e.g. Table and Chair...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 22 July 1898, in Châteauroux; died 1 July 1970, in Chezal-Benoit (Cher).

Painter, sculptor, engraver, decorative artist, illustrator. Portraits, landscapes.

Robert Barriot studied at the École des Arts Décoratifs in Paris in 1916 and was admitted to the École des Beaux-Arts in ...

Article

Bauhaus  

Rainer K. Wick

[Bauhaus Berlin; Bauhaus Dessau, Hochschule für Gestaltung; Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar]

German school of art, design and architecture, founded by Walter Gropius. It was active in Weimar from 1919 to 1925, in Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and in Berlin from 1932 to 1933, when it was closed down by the Nazi authorities. The Bauhaus’s name referred to the medieval Bauhütten or masons’ lodges. The school re-established workshop training, as opposed to impractical academic studio education. Its contribution to the development of Functionalism in architecture was widely influential. It exemplified the contemporary desire to form unified academies incorporating art colleges, colleges of arts and crafts and schools of architecture, thus promoting a closer cooperation between the practice of ‘fine’ and ‘applied’ art and architecture. The origins of the school lay in attempts in the 19th and early 20th centuries to re-establish the bond between artistic creativity and manufacturing that had been broken by the Industrial Revolution. According to Walter Gropius in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 30 June 1897, in Fleurus (Oran) Algeria; died 4 June 1981, in Marseilles.

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. Portraits, landscapes.

A pupil of Ernest Laurent, Belmonte also studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He exhibited with the Salon des Artistes Français in ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA.

Born 15 March 1883, in Stuttgart; died 29 May 1972, in New York.

Painter, sculptor, graphic designer, poster artist, illustrator, architect, designer, decorative artist. Designs for carpets, advertising art, furniture, lamps, wallpaper.

Jugendstil.

Deutscher Werkbund.

Lucian Bernhard studied painting at the Kunstakademie in Munich, but taught himself design. He was active in Berlin. In ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1878, in Antwerp; died 1962.

Painter, decorative designer. Figures, landscapes.

Alphonse van Beurden was the son of the sculptor Alphonse van Beurden senior. He was a student at the academy of fine arts in Antwerp, where he became a professor. He was a member of the Antwerp group ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active in Crays Pond, near Reading.

Born 1909, in Essex; died November 1996, in London.

Painter, printmaker, sculptor, ceramicist, textile designer. Portraits, landscapes, urban landscapes.

London Group.

André Bicât was a self-taught artist. Born to French and Anglo-Irish parents, he worked as a theatre designer and scene painter in the 1930s. His theatre work included work for Mercury Theatre Productions in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 17 May 1872, in Orbec (Calvados); died 26 April 1953, in Ecquemauville (Calvados).

Painter, watercolourist, sculptor (wood), decorative artist. Animals.

Raymond Bigot had a considerable career as a decorative artist, and carved from blocks of wood, including doors, frameworks and jardinières. As a creative artist, he carved many animals, mostly birds, including ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 25 March 1867, in Bear Lake or Ovid (Idaho), to Danish parents; died 6 March 1941, in Chicago.

Sculptor, painter, illustrator, decorative designer. Figures, portraits, historical subjects.

Gutzon Borglum, brother of Solon Borglum, was born to a Mormon father with two wives, and he lost contact with his mother when his father left the religion and decided to conform to society's norms for marriage by abandoning her. Borglum studied at St Mary's Academy, Kansas City, in ...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1854, in Ghent; died 1906, in Ghent.

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. History painting, portraits.

Dominique van den Bossche studied under Paul de Vigne at Ghent academy and is remembered for his work on the façade of the slaughterhouse in Lille....