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Article

Christine Mullen Kreamer

(b Jan 25, 1930; d Lomé, Jan 4, 2010).

Togolese painter, sculptor, engraver, stained glass designer, potter and textile designer. Beginning in 1946, he received his secondary education in Dakar, where he also worked in an architecture firm. He travelled to France and received his diplôme supérieur from the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris. A versatile artist, Ahyi is best known for his murals and for monumental stone, marble and cement public sculptures. His work reflects the fusion of his Togolese roots, European training and an international outlook, and he counts among his influences Moore, Braque, Modigliani, Tamayo, Siqueiros and Tall. His work combines ancient and modern themes and materials, maternity being a prominent topic. The messages of his larger, public pieces operate on a broad level to appeal to the general populace, while smaller works often reflect his private engagement with challenges confronting the human condition. His compositions are both abstract and figurative and evoke the heroism and hope of the two world wars, Togo's colonial period and the struggle for independence from France, as well as the political efforts of the peoples of Vietnam, South Africa and Palestine. Ahyi has won numerous international prizes, including the prize of the city of Lyon (...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 11 January 1953, in Saïda.

Painter, pastellist, sculptor, engraver, draughtsman, illustrator. Designs for stained glass.

Figuration Libre, Citationism.

Jean-Michel Albérola lived in Algeria until 1962. He then went to France, living successively in several cities, including Marseilles, Toulouse, Avignon and Paris. He studied in Marseilles and in Aix-en-Provence. Until ...

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 19 February 1946, in Washington DC.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist, glassmaker, decorative designer. Theatre design.

AfriCobra Group.

Akili Ron Anderson attended the Corcoran School of Art and Howard University in Washington DC where he lives and works. He is a member of AfriCobra (African Commune of Bad Relevant Artists) founded in ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1941, in Aricò.

Sculptor, painter, glassmaker. Religious subjects, figures, animals.

Gianni Aricò received a diploma in architecture from Venice University in 1971. In 1974 he set up his sculpture studio in the de-consecrated church of S Andrea della Zirada in Venice....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1910, in Mannheim; died 12 November 1982, in Mannheim.

Painter, sculptor. Designs for stained glass, tapestries, murals.

After a standard education Baerwind studied at the academies in Berlin and Munich before studying at the Académie Ranson in Paris in 1932...

Article

Barbara Haskell

(Stuart)

(b Chicago, IL, Dec 6, 1939).

American painter and sculptor. Bell Los Angeles from 1957 to 1959. After experimenting with geometrically shaped paintings, he turned to constructed paintings made of mirrored and transparent glass and canvas, for example Untitled (Magic Boxes) (canvas, acrylic, glass, 1964; Los Angeles, CA, Co. Mus. A.). The optical ambiguities created by the reflections of the viewer’s image and the ambient space became the hallmark of Bell’s work. Dissatisfied with the limitations of two-dimensional art, he began making faceted boxes of mirrored and transparent glass, the reflecting and refracting surfaces of which greatly extended the optical complexities and ambiguities of his earlier glass and canvas paintings. By late 1964 he had abandoned faceted, mirrored boxes in favour of pure glass cubes, whose sides he coated with various metals to create fields of elusive, evanescent colour, for example Untitled (1965; artist’s col., see 1982 exh. cat., p. 25). The environmental space seen through and reflected by the glass optically merged with the cube and became an intrinsic part of it....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1928, in Colognola ai Colli, near Verona.

Painter, engraver, graphic designer, fresco artist, sculptor. Religious subjects. Designs for stained glass.

Bellomi studied initially at the Cignaroli Academy in Verona. After World War II, he worked as a coal miner in St-Étienne in France. However, he spent most of his life in Verona where, ...

Article

Jorge Glusberg

(b Rosario, May 14, 1905; d Buenos Aires, Oct 13, 1981).

Argentine painter, sculptor and printmaker. He trained at the stained-glass window workshop of Buxadera & Compañía, Rosario, province of Santa Fé, and with Eugenio Fornels and Enrique Munné. He held his first exhibition in 1920. At the age of 20 he won a scholarship for study in Europe awarded by the Jockey Club of Rosario, which enabled him to study in Paris under André Lhote and with Othon Friesz at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière. After showing his European works in Buenos Aires in 1927 he obtained another scholarship, this time from the government of the province of Santa Fé, as a result of which he established contact with the Surrealists in 1928; in particular he befriended Louis Aragon and the French philosopher Henri Lefebvre.

Berni returned to Argentina in 1930. In 1933 he established an artistic–literary group, Nuevo Realismo, and began to depict Argentina’s social reality. From the 1960s, through two characters he created (Juanito Laguna and Ramona Montiel) he began to create works from pieces of metal and wood, buttons, burlap, wires and other debris gathered by him in the shantytowns surrounding Buenos Aires. Combining in these works commonplace materials and a brutal realism (e.g. ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 7 May 1941, in St-Raphaël.

Painter, graphic designer, illustrator, poster artist, sculptor. Designs for tapestries, stained glass windows, playing cards.

Bevilacqua lived in Africa in his youth. Self-taught, he only began to paint in 1983. In 1991 Bevilacqua realised in public a monumental painting on the subject of ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1916, in Gerpinnes; died 1976, in Mons.

Painter, sculptor. Designs for stained glass.

Zéphir Busine, who was self-taught, took up a teaching post at the academy of fine arts in Mons. In 1959 he was awarded the Ante Carte prize....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 December 1886, in Saintes; died 1986.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, decorative designer, sculptor, ceramicist. Scenes with figures, nudes, portraits, still-lifes, landscapes, animals. Designs for stained glass.

Japonisme, Art Deco.

School of Bordeaux.

René Buthaud worked first of all in Bordeaux under François Quinsac and then, ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1876; died 1960.

Sculptor, illustrator, decorative artist, potter, glassmaker, watercolourist, draughtsman.

Cambellotti's work was shown in the exhibitions Roman Secession, 1913-1916, held in Rome in 1987, and From Glass to Diamond: Artistic Stained Glass in Rome 1912-1925 at the Exhibition Centre in Rome in ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 6 October 1886, in Milan; died 27 March 1973, in Milan.

Painter, draughtsman, pastellist, sculptor. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, genre scenes, scenes with figures, animals. Designs for stained glass.

Aldo Carpi was a pupil of Stefano Bersani. He entered the Accademia di Brera in ...

Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Active naturalised in France from 1937.

Born 7 July 1887, in Vitebsk; died 28 March 1985, in St-Paul-de-Vence, France.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, sculptor, ceramicist, engraver, decorative artist, illustrator. Religious subjects, portraits, genre scenes, landscapes, landscapes with figures. Murals, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics, low reliefs...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born in Vichy (Allier).

Painter, pastellist. Genre scenes, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

Chaumard studied under painter and sculptor Jean-Léon Gérome. He exhibited in Paris at the Salon des Artistes Français, becoming a member of this group, and at the Salon des Artistes Indépendants. In ...

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1909, in Heverlee; died 1995.

Painter, screen printer, sculptor, potter. Designs for stained glass.

Jan Cobbaert was a pupil at the fine arts academies in Louvain and in Brussels, and was awarded the Prix de Rome in 1937. He became a professor at the Louvain academy. Cobbaert executed monumental works using different techniques, and the fact that he was active in so many areas may have prevented him from discovering his true field of expertise....

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Active also active in the USA.

Born 1936, in St Kruis (Bruges).

Painter, potter, glassmaker, sculptor.

Antoine Creil studied painting, the decorative arts and sculpture at the Hoger Instituut and at the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Ghent. From 1961 to 1965...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Active in France and from 1927 also naturalised there.

Born 24 April 1878, in Bulle (Fribourg); died 30 January 1958, in Paris.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, sculptor. Designs for stained glass.

Dadaism.

Puteaux Group.

Jean Crotti first studied at the school of decorative arts in Munich, then on his arrival in Paris in 1901 he enrolled at the Académie Julian. He exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Indépendants from 1907 onwards and was a member of the board of the Salon d'Automne from 1909 to 1942. The works from his earliest youth were influenced by Impressionism and Fauvism. While he was in New York, from 1914 to 1916, he knew Marcel Duchamp and Francis Picabia. On his return to Paris in 1916 he brought news of her brother to Suzanne Duchamp, whom he married in 1919. He had strong ties to the Puteaux Group, which revolved around the other brother, Jacques Villon. From 1915 to 1921, under the influence of Duchamp and Picabia, he was actively involved in the Dada movement. The works dating from this period include the ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 7 March 1882, in Paris; died 23 November 1974, in Fontenay-aux-Roses.

Sculptor, painter. Portraits, figures, still-lifes, flowers. Designs for stained glass, busts, groups.

Yvonne Diéterle was the daughter of Georges Diéterle and studied with him and with the sculptor Emmanuel Hannaux. She married the painter Jean-Pierre Laurens in ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 7 June 1931, in Eatonton (Georgia).

Painter, draughtsman (including ink), collage artist, print artist, sculptor, collector, art historian. Religious subjects, figures, portraits, figure compositions, scenes with figures, landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

David C. Driskell earned a BFA at Howard University in ...