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Article

Italian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 24 March 1955, in Millesimo (Savona).

Sculptor (marble/bronze), draughtswoman, pastellist, art restorer. Mythological figures. Statues, groups, low reliefs.

Claudia Amari entered the Accademia di Brera in Milan in 1974, and also trained in the marble-working studios of Sem Ghelardini, Palla and Grossi in Pietrasanta and Carrara. Then in ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 17 January 1866, in Vienne; died 7 January 1931, in Boulogne-sur-Seine.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, watercolourist, illustrator. Figures. Monuments.

The son of a stonemason employed on the restoration of monuments in the Rhône valley, Joseph Antoine Bernard accompanied his father from the age of 12, learning the art of direct stone-carving which he was subequently to practice throughout his life. He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons, and under Pierre Jules Cavelier at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris for a six-month period in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 27 March 1937, in Veigné.

Painter, sculptor, art restorer.

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1894, in Sprang; died 1949.

Painter, sculptor (including wood), draughtsman (including charcoal/ink), decorative artist, art restorer. Figure compositions, figures, scenes with figures, genre scenes, landscapes with figures, seascapes, animals.

In 1906, Hendrik Chabot's family settled in Rotterdam, where he worked as a decorative artist as well as attending evening classes at the art academy. In ...

Article

Jean-Pierre de Bruyn

(b Lille, Feb 8, 1861; d Ghent, Jan 7, 1938).

Belgian painter, sculptor, illustrator, and stage designer. He studied music at the Koninklijk Muziekconservatorium and sculpture at the Gewerbeschule, Ghent (after 1877). He visited Paris in 1887 and Italy in 1890, with a grant from the city of Ghent. He was deeply impressed by the masters of the Quattrocento, and was encouraged to take up painting after meeting Constantin Meunier (1891). He painted Symbolist scenes and was influenced by Art Nouveau. After exhibiting his work with Les XX in Brussels (1893), he made decorative panels for Oostakker Castle.

As an illustrator Doudelet worked on Pol De Mont’s Van Jezus (Antwerp, 1897) and books by Maurice Maeterlinck, for example Douze chansons (Paris, 1896) and Pelléas et Mélisande (Brussels, 1892 or 1922). He illustrated the periodicals Réveil (1895–1896), De Vlaamsche school, Mercure de France, Pan, L’Eroica, Nuovo Convito, De Vlaamsche School, Woord en beeld...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 16 December 1946, in Boulogne-sur-Seine.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, sculptor, art restorer. Figures, landscapes, still-lifes.

Symbolism.

Béatrice Flaud studied history of art at the École du Louvre in Paris, and received a broad artistic education, studying engraving, painting and art restoration....

Article

W. Iain Mackay

(b Ica, 1914; d Lima, July 21, 1961).

Peruvian painter, potter and sculptor. He had little formal education, but after training as a boxer in Lima he settled in Buenos Aires, where his interest in pottery led him to set up a workshop for the conservation of Pre-Columbian pottery and for the manufacture of pottery in the style of this period. He learnt to sculpt and studied painting under Emilio Pettoruti (1892–1971). In 1938 he went to Paris, where he studied the work of the French masters and relaxed his style, rejecting academic canons. Returning to Peru in 1942, he adopted a rather Expressionist style of painting, with clear lines, suggestive of sculpted forms. He avoided the other avant-garde European styles of the period, opting for a while for elements of the Indigenist style (see Peru, Republic of, §IV, 2). Under Pettoruti he developed a great interest in sculpture. His activity in this field was limited to a few works, culminating in ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 April 1906, in Gourdon (Lot); died 15 May 1991, in Choisy-le-Roi.

Sculptor (including bronze), draughtsman, art restorer. Figures, animals. Low reliefs, statues, busts, medallions, decorative schemes.

André Lavaysse started his training in Cahors, before moving to Paris, where he was guided by Charles Despiau. He carried out numerous restoration commissions on historical monuments in Paris, such as: the trophies of Hôtel Coislyn, Place de la Concorde, the trophies of the Ministère de la Marine and of the Palais de l'Élysée, the sculptures in the church of la Madeleine and the low reliefs of the Arc de Triomphe, and the recumbent effigies on the tombs and the sculptures in the Basilica of St Denis....

Article

Deborah Cullen

[MoMA] (New York)

The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) was founded in 1929 by patrons Lillie P(lummer) Bliss, Cornelius J. Sullivan and Rockefeller family §(1) to establish an institution devoted to modern art. Over the next ten years the Museum moved three times and in 1939 settled in the Early Modern style building (1938–9) designed by Philip S. Goodwin and Edward Durell Stone that it still occupies at 11 West 53 Street. Subsequent renovations and expansions occurred in the 1950s and 1960s by Philip Johnson, in 1984 by Cesar Pelli and in 2002–4 by Yoshirō Taniguchi (b 1937). MoMA QNS, the temporary headquarters during this project, was subsequently used to provide art storage. In 2000, MoMA and the contemporary art space, P.S.1, Long Island City, Queens, announced their affiliation. Recent projects are shown at P.S.1 in Queens in a renovated public school building.

According to founding director, Alfred H(amilton) Barr...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1933, in Biella (Piedmont).

Painter, sculptor, installation artist, photographer, writer.

Arte Povera.

The son of an art restorer, Michelangelo Pistoletto lives and works in Turin, and also teaches at the academy of fine arts in Vienna.Pistoletto's early works, painted during the 1950s, consisted of self-portraits against a monochrome background that revealed an interest in the work of Francis Bacon. He made his name from ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1938, in Düsseldorf.

Sculptor, draughtsman.

Ulrich Rückriem started out as an apprentice stonemason and was involved in the restoration of Cologne Cathedral. He taught sculpture in Hamburg from 1974. Rückriem worked initially on portrait busts and funerary statuary, but marked his debut as a sculptor with a first geometrical abstract piece entitled ...

Article

Turkish, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in France.

Born 1953, in Istanbul.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtswoman, sculptor, mixed media, performance artist.

Art Brut.

Art-Cloche Group.

Saban studied restoration in Istanbul, sculpture in Tel Aviv and painting in Haifa, and from 1977 to 1980 at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. She was a member of the ...

Article

Russian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 5 March 1856, in Omsk; died 1 April 1910, in St Petersburg.

Painter, draughtsman (charcoal/ink), watercolourist, illustrator, sculptor, designer, art restorer. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, figures. Murals, church decoration, theatre sets.

Symbolism.

Peredvizhniki (Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions), Golubaya Roza (Blue Rose), Abramtsevo Artists’ Colony...