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Article

(b Holywood, County Down, Ireland, Jan 26, 1922).

Australian painter, printmaker, book designer, lecturer, collector, gallery director and publisher of limited edition artists’ books, of Irish decent. He worked as a draughtsman before entering war service in the British Admiralty from 1940 to 1949, including five years in Colombo, where he made sketching trips to jungle temples with the Buddhist monk and artist Manjsiro Thero. Between 1949 and 1951 Adams worked as an exhibition designer in London and studied wood-engraving with Gertrude Hermes in her evening class at the Central School of Arts and Crafts (now Central St Martin’s College of Art and Design). In 1951, after moving to Melbourne, Adams began a 30-year teaching commitment at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT), where he instructed many of the younger generation of Australian printmakers, including George Baldessin and Jan Senbergs. A brief return to Britain and Ireland in 1957–8 provided experience with Dolmen Press, Dublin, which published his first book of engravings, ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1889; died 1969.

Draughtsman, illustrator.

Self-taught, Alastair lived in Germany and often in Paris, where he was drawn to the study of black magic and transvestism. He worked for European and American publishers, illustrating many literary works by authors including Théophile Gautier, Barbey d'Aurevilly, Laclos, Mérimée, Poe, L'Abbé Prévost, Wedekind and Oscar Wilde....

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 4 June 1867, in Grenoble; died 1933, in Grenoble.

Painter, watercolourist. Landscapes.

André Albertin was a journalist and art critic who learned painting from Laurent Guétal and Ernest Hareux. He exhibited at the various Paris Salons in 1895, 1896 and ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1876; died 1935, as the result of an accident.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist. Landscapes.

Émile Appay was taught by his grandfather, a printer and lithographer, and was also given guidance by Henri Harpignies and Paul Lecomte. From 1922 to 1932 he travelled around several countries in Europe, while helping to make stage sets for the Georges Pitoëff theatre troupe. He exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in Paris, of which he was a member, and also showed his works in a number of galleries....

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1898, in Liverpool; died 1978, in London.

Sculptor, painter, printer. Portraits, cityscapes, still-lifes.

Arnold Auerbach took art classes at the Liverpool Institute as a boy before going on to study at the Liverpool School of Art. He also studied in Paris and in Switzerland. He was enlisted during World War I, but was invalided out of the army in ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Draughtsman.

George R. Aylmer contributed illustrations, mainly of historical subjects, to the London Art Journal.

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Nevers (Nièvre) at the end of the 19th century.

Painter, draughtsman, lithographer. Figures.

As well as being an artist, Barillet was also a printer.

Versailles, 26 Oct 1980: Fishermen on the River (1904, oil on canvas, 18 × 22 ins/45.5 × 55 cm) ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 20 June 1931, in Milan.

Painter, lithographer.

Bariona travelled the world as a journalist and took up painting comparatively late in life, around 1960. He has participated in group exhibitions in Italy since 1970 and has exhibited in France since ...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 5 August 1862, in Gagny; died 1941.

Painter, pastellist. Portraits.

Marcel-André Baschet was the son of the art publisher Ludovic Baschet. In 1879, he attended the Académie Julian and then studied with Jules Lefèbvre and Gustave Boulanger at the École des Beaux-Arts. He was awarded the Prix de Rome in ...

Article

Mariana Katzarova

(b Dolni Dŭbnik, nr Pleven, July 24, 1901; d Sofia, Jan 23, 1958).

Bulgarian cartoonist, illustrator, draughtsman, painter, teacher, editor and critic. In 1926 he studied painting at the Academy of Art, Sofia, and although he was later known for his paintings, he achieved greater fame as a political and social cartoonist and newspaper and magazine illustrator. His early cartoons are courageous commentaries on political events in Bulgaria from 1925 to 1934, wittily satirizing the monarchy and dictatorships. He also mocked the machinations of the various bourgeois political parties as they fought for power. Among his most celebrated cartoons are the Kidnapping of the Constitution and the Tsar’s Family, published in the Sofia newspapers Zemedelsko Zname and Sturetz, as well as Suvremennik and other left-wing publications. He also illustrated the series Spanish Chronicle (1936). In 1940 he began freelancing for the anti-Fascist satirical newspaper Sturshel (Sofia) and in 1941 became its editor. During World War II he executed many political cartoons opposing Fascism and Nazism (e.g. ...

Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1846, in Bologna; died 13 April 1906, in Bologna.

Painter, engraver.

Bignami lived and worked for several years in Florence. Together with his pupils Signorini, Costa and Turletti, he founded the journal Arte in Italia (The Arts in Italy) as a mouthpiece for the younger school of Italian engravers. Bignami also painted a number of landscapes, one of which ( ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 September 1929, in Périgueux.

Painter.

Nouvelle Figuration.

In 1953, Biras took part in the Paris Biennale. The publisher and art critic Gérald Gassiot-Talabot included him in the group known as the Figuration Narrative, which met in 1965, alongside Henri Cueco, Tisserand, Gilles Aillaud, the Spanish painter Eduardo Arroyo, and Fleury. His painting was figurative, and during the 1970s he was highly critical of the social injustices of capitalist society....

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Born 1922, in Treviso.

Painter, designer, architect.

Bonfante studied at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera and at the Milan school of architecture. He also devoted a large part of his life to journalism and in 1948, he became a designer. In ...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Draughtsman, engraver (wood), illustrator.

Bongini was an engraver of the drawings of Carlo Chiostri. He also produced his own drawings, mainly for the Florentine publisher Salani. He illustrated Bürger's Münchhausen in 1924 and an Italian edition of Swift's Gulliver's Travels in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1874, in Carmel (Indiana); died 1943, in New York.

Draughtsman.

Franklin Booth was a student at the Westfield Quaker Academy, Indiana, and at the Art Institute of Chicago. He started out as a journalist and illustrator for the Indianapolis News...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in New York.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, illustrator. Landscapes.

William Bradley collaborated on Collier's Weekly and other illustrated journals. A William Bradley exhibited portraits at the Royal Academy, the Suffolk Street Gallery and the New Water-Colour Society in London from 1872 to 1889...

Article

Joyce Zemans

(Richard)

(b Croydon, London, March 31, 1888; d Toronto, March 21, 1955).

Canadian painter, critic and writer of English birth. He emigrated in 1905 to Portage la Prairie, Manitoba. In 1921 he moved to Toronto to work as an editor and publisher. He is best known as a pioneer of abstract painting in Canada. His show (1927) at Toronto’s Arts & Letters Club was the first solo exhibition of abstract art by a Canadian artist. His early work is characterized by the bold non-objective imagery seen in the complex Sounds Assembling (1928; Winnipeg, A.G.). After 1930 he reassessed his artistic direction: he turned first to figurative imagery (e.g. Torso, 1937; Ottawa, N.G.) and then looking to Cubism he re-examined the nature of abstraction in his painting, without returning to the non-objectivity of his earlier work. Between 1926 and 1930 Brooker wrote ‘The Seven Arts’, a syndicated column of art criticism for the Southam Press. In addition, he edited The Yearbook of the Arts in Canada...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 6 December 1931, in Rombas, near Metz.

Painter. Genre scenes, landscapes.

Robert Broussolle was a music editor, publicist and printer, before breeding laying hens in the south of France. He was a Naive painter and meticulously rendered landscapes and rustic characters, circus and boxing scenes....

Article

Vanina Costa

(b Nantes, Sept 17, 1907; d Paris, May 8, 1977).

French painter, sculptor, draughtsman and poet. He moved in 1926 to Paris, where he became involved with Surrealism, soon afterwards publishing his first collection of poems, Opoponax (Paris, 1927). In 1934 he exhibited a series of automatic drawings, which were followed by images produced with the assistance of objets trouvés: in Street Object (1936; Paris, Pompidou), for instance, he placed a sheet of paper on the road and then drove a car over it so as to leave the imprint of the tyre tracks. Another work of this period consisted of a bus sign bearing the same letters as his initials, so that it could be read as his signature. He also produced assemblages in a Surrealist spirit, such as Morphology of Desire (wood, plaster, metal, candle and torch, 1934–7; Paris, Pompidou). After World War II Bryen turned increasingly towards painting, through which he became a leading exponent of ...

Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 8 October 1866, in Alcoy (Valencia); died 2 January 1937, in Alcoy.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist. Portraits, genre scenes, landscapes.

Cabrera Canto was born into a family of printers, and early on learned the art of engraving and lithography. He was a pupil of Lorenzo Casanova in Alcoy, and then in Alicante, where he received a grant to study in Italy in ...