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Article

(b Holywood, County Down, Ireland, Jan 26, 1922).

Australian painter, printmaker, book designer, lecturer, collector, gallery director and publisher of limited edition artists’ books, of Irish decent. He worked as a draughtsman before entering war service in the British Admiralty from 1940 to 1949, including five years in Colombo, where he made sketching trips to jungle temples with the Buddhist monk and artist Manjsiro Thero. Between 1949 and 1951 Adams worked as an exhibition designer in London and studied wood-engraving with Gertrude Hermes in her evening class at the Central School of Arts and Crafts (now Central St Martin’s College of Art and Design). In 1951, after moving to Melbourne, Adams began a 30-year teaching commitment at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT), where he instructed many of the younger generation of Australian printmakers, including George Baldessin and Jan Senbergs. A brief return to Britain and Ireland in 1957–8 provided experience with Dolmen Press, Dublin, which published his first book of engravings, ...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1889; died 1969.

Draughtsman, illustrator.

Self-taught, Alastair lived in Germany and often in Paris, where he was drawn to the study of black magic and transvestism. He worked for European and American publishers, illustrating many literary works by authors including Théophile Gautier, Barbey d'Aurevilly, Laclos, Mérimée, Poe, L'Abbé Prévost, Wedekind and Oscar Wilde....

Article

Swedish, 19th century, male.

Born 11 January 1877, in Stockholm; died 28 November 1906.

Draughtsman, illustrator.

Oskar Andersson was a cartoonist who worked for numerous illustrated journals.

Stockholm, 21 Nov 1988: A Dream (ink and watercolour, a pair, each 13½ × 9½ ins/34.5 × 24 cm) ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 13 December 1780, in Paris; died 3 August 1855.

Painter.

Louis Arsenne tried his hand at various painting genres but enjoyed more success as an author and publisher. Among his books is his Painter and Sculptor's Handbook ( Manuel du peintre et du sculpteur...

Article

German, 15th century, male.

Born c. 1435; died 1504.

Painter, miniaturist, illuminator, writer, printer. Religious subjects.

School of Alsace.

Hans Baemler's name appears for the first time in 1453. He established himself in Augsburg as a printer. His name appears on two miniatures, a Crucifixion...

Article

British, 19th century, male.

Born 31 July 1804, in Lewes (Sussex); died 11 January 1867, in Sydenham, near London.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer. History painting, portraits.

George Baxter was the son of a publisher and bookseller and was apprenticed to a wood engraver in London. In ...

Article

Mariana Katzarova

(b Dolni Dŭbnik, nr Pleven, July 24, 1901; d Sofia, Jan 23, 1958).

Bulgarian cartoonist, illustrator, draughtsman, painter, teacher, editor and critic. In 1926 he studied painting at the Academy of Art, Sofia, and although he was later known for his paintings, he achieved greater fame as a political and social cartoonist and newspaper and magazine illustrator. His early cartoons are courageous commentaries on political events in Bulgaria from 1925 to 1934, wittily satirizing the monarchy and dictatorships. He also mocked the machinations of the various bourgeois political parties as they fought for power. Among his most celebrated cartoons are the Kidnapping of the Constitution and the Tsar’s Family, published in the Sofia newspapers Zemedelsko Zname and Sturetz, as well as Suvremennik and other left-wing publications. He also illustrated the series Spanish Chronicle (1936). In 1940 he began freelancing for the anti-Fascist satirical newspaper Sturshel (Sofia) and in 1941 became its editor. During World War II he executed many political cartoons opposing Fascism and Nazism (e.g. ...

Article

German, 17th century, male.

Active in Germany.

Draughtsman, engraver (burin), print publisher. Ornaments, decorative designs, frontispieces.

Paul Birckenhultz's engravings included ornamental plates, frontispieces and various works for silver- and goldsmiths. Mention should also be made of an engraving depicting The Four Elements.

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Draughtsman, engraver (wood), illustrator.

Bongini was an engraver of the drawings of Carlo Chiostri. He also produced his own drawings, mainly for the Florentine publisher Salani. He illustrated Bürger's Münchhausen in 1924 and an Italian edition of Swift's Gulliver's Travels in ...

Article

American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in New York.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, illustrator. Landscapes.

William Bradley collaborated on Collier's Weekly and other illustrated journals. A William Bradley exhibited portraits at the Royal Academy, the Suffolk Street Gallery and the New Water-Colour Society in London from 1872 to 1889...

Article

French Canadian, 20th century, female.

Born in London, to an English mother and a French father.

Painter, draughtswoman, engraver, poet, publisher. Artists' books.

Visual Poetry.

Cozette de Charmoy has lived and worked in London, Canada and Switzerland, but did not go to art school in either England or Canada. She was inspired to become an artist by her knowledge of the avant-garde movements of the Sixties and Seventies, and by the people she met, most notably Henri Chopin, the publisher of the ...

Article

Celia Carrington Riely

[Ch’en Chi-ju; zi Zhongshun; hao Meigong, Meidaoren, Migong]

(b Huating, Jiangsu Province [modern Songjiang, Shanghai Municipality], 16 Dec 1558; d 19 Oct 1639). Chinese editor, writer, calligrapher and painter. He exemplified the literati ideal of the accomplished gentleman–scholar who rejected the sordid world of political involvement and devoted himself to a life of literary, artistic and philosophical pursuit. At the age of 28, having passed the prefectural examination, the first important step leading to a career in government office, Chen renounced official life in a dramatic gesture, by burning his Confucian cap and gown. Thereafter he lived at country retreats at Kunshan and then Mt She, near Huating in Jiangsu Province: entertaining guests; writing and editing; composing the poems, prefaces, epitaphs and biographies for which he was in constant demand; and travelling to places of scenic beauty in the company of friends.

Chen followed the lead of his close friend Dong Qichang, the foremost painter, calligrapher and connoisseur of the late Ming period (...

Article

Merrill Halkerston

(b Portland, ME, March 4, 1832; d New York, March 26, 1920).

American painter, interior designer and writer. Colman grew up in New York, where his father, Samuel Colman, ran a successful publishing business. The family bookstore on Broadway, a popular meeting place for artists, offered Colman early introductions to such Hudson River school painters as Asher B(rown) Durand, with whom he is said to have studied briefly around 1850. Having won early recognition for his paintings of popular Hudson River school locations (see Storm King on the Hudson), he was elected an Associate of the National Academy of Design in New York in 1854. Most of Colman’s landscapes of the 1850s, for example Meadows and Wildflowers at Conway (1856; Poughkeepsie, NY, Vassar Coll., Frances Lehman Loeb A. Cent.), reveal the influence of the Hudson River school. An avid traveller, he embarked on his first European tour in 1860, visiting France, Italy, Switzerland and the more exotic locales of southern Spain and Morocco. His reputation was secured in the 1860s by his numerous paintings of romantic Spanish sites, notably the large ...

Article

E. S. Welch

(fl Milan, 1430–6).

Italian painter and illuminator. He was one of a large family of painters and illuminators working in Milan in the 15th century. He appears frequently in the registers of the building works of the city’s cathedral and as a creditor of the influential Borromeo family. First recorded in 1430 as the painter of two altarpieces for the cathedral, he is mentioned again in 1433 and 1444 for the gilding of sculpture and in 1442, 1446 and 1448 for further paintings. None of these works survives.

In 1445 and 1446 Giovanni was paid by Vitaliano Borromeo for the illumination of family imprese. However, Cipriani has suggested that these payments were for a group of decorated diplomas (Milan, Trivulziana) granted to the Borromeo family in 1445, and on this basis says that the designs may be by the much better-known Master of the Vitae Imperatorum. A miniature of Filippo Maria Visconti in Galessio da Correggio’s ...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 1734, in Paris.

Draughtsman, print publisher, musician.

He drew the illustrations for a number of travel books: Pictures... of Switzerland ( Tableaux... de la Suisse) (Paris, 1780-86), Description... of France ( Description... de la France) and Story of Saugnier's journeys to the African coast...

Article

American, 21st century, male.

Born 1 July 1974.

Active in Brooklyn, New York.

Painter, curator. Artists’ books.

Appropriation art.

Eric Doeringer graduated from Brown University in 1996 with a BA degree, and received an MFA from the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston in ...

Article

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Born 23 June 1838, in Romont.

Painter, watercolourist, lithographer, draughtsman, illustrator.

Dumas studied in Romont and in Fribourg and produced la Fronde a short-lived satirical journal. His works include a watercolour view of Romont exhibited in Lausanne in 1887. He alternated between being a soldier, a teacher and a man of letters....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 June 1882, in Paris; died 25 May 1959, in Villez-sous-Bailleul (Eure).

Draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer.

Harry Elliott was a son of a printer and lithographer in Paris. He chose an English pseudonym because he liked the work of English illustrators. He illustrated magazines and books, and produced lithographs and prints made on zinc, showing hunting scenes, golf, billiards, interiors, seascapes and other subjects....

Article

Annette Faber

(fl Leipzig, 1592; d after 1617).

German painter, illustrator and printmaker. In 1592 he was granted the freedom of Leipzig, where he worked mainly as an illustrator for the publisher Henning Gross. He specialized in views and plans of towns, including Moscow, Wrocław, Venice, Istanbul and Jerusalem. His etchings illustrated the Persianische Reise (Leipzig, 1609) by ...

Article

Hungarian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 25 June 1844, in Budapest; died 1916.

Painter, illustrator. Genre scenes.

Laszlo von Frecskay studied in Vienna where he collaborated on various journals. He finally returned to his native city in 1911.

New York, 29 Feb 1984: End of Dinner...