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Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Born 1448, in Florence; died December 1502, in Florence.

Painter, miniaturist, architect, Camaldolese monk and abbot.

Bartolomeo della Gatta trained as a goldsmith (his father’s profession) and seems to have had contact with a large network of late 15th-century artists in Florence, Urbino, and Arezzo, including Andrea del Verrocchio, Piero della Francesca, and Luca Signorelli. A monk at the Calmaldolese monastery in Florence since ...

Article

Bauhaus  

Rainer K. Wick

German school of art, design and architecture, founded by Walter Gropius. It was active in Weimar from 1919 to 1925, in Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and in Berlin from 1932 to 1933, when it was closed down by the Nazi authorities. The Bauhaus’s name referred to the medieval Bauhütten or ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Painter, sculptor, mixed media, architect.

Bedel's works are metaphorical. In relief to varying degrees, he combines shiny metal with dull organic materials to create models that resemble towns, while privileging the evocation of the book form. He gives poetic expression to his pessimistic preoccupations concerning the future of humanity....

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1868, in Hamburg; died 27 February 1940, in Berlin.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, architect, designer, decorative artist, graphic designer. Posters, furniture, wallpaper, carpets, glassware, ceramics, table services, jewellery, silverwork, objets d'art, typefaces.

Jugendstil, functional school.

Die Sieben (Group of Seven), Deutscher Werkbund...

Article

Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Germany.

Born 31 December 1849, in St Gall; died 1921, in Planegg.

Architect, painter, decorative designer, theorist. Designs (furniture/fabrics/metal objects/ceramics).

Jugendstil.

From 1868 to 1871 Hans Eduard von Berlepsch-Valendas was a student of architecture with Gottfried Sempers in Zurich. After graduating he abandoned architecture while he was living in Frankfurt, to go and train as a painter in Munich (...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 10 January 1903, in Varese (Lombardy); died 7 February 1964.

Sculptor, medallist, draughtsman, designer. Figures, nudes, portraits, architectural views, landscapes, seascapes, flowers.

Flaminio Bertoni studied composition and sculpture under Giuseppe Talamoni in the 1920s and frequented the ateliers of sculptors Lodovico Pagliaghi and Enrico Butti in Varese. After a short stay in Paris, he opened his own atelier in Varese in ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 22 December 1908, in Winterthur; died 9 December 1994, in Berlin.

Sculptor, painter, architect, designer.

Groups: Abstraction-Création, Die Allianz, Concrete Art Group of Zurich.

Max Bill studied to be a silversmith from 1924 to 1927 at the Kunstgewerbeschule (college of arts and crafts) in Zurich. After attending a lecture by Le Corbusier, however, he changed his mind and opted for architecture. He studied at the Bauhaus in Dessau between ...

Article

Hans Frei

Swiss architect, sculptor, painter, industrial designer, graphic designer and writer. He attended silversmithing classes at the Kunstgewerbeschule in Zurich from 1924 to 1927. Then, inspired by the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (1925), Paris, by the works of Le Corbusier and by a competition entry (...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1920, in Paris.

Painter, lithographer, illustrator. Animals. Medals.

The son of an architect, and a gifted student of chemical engineering, Jacques Birr discovered painting at a very young age. As a Bachelor of Science, he pursued a career in the printed fabrics sector of industry. In ...

Article

S. Kontha

Hungarian sculptor, medallist, draughtsman, engraver and painter. In 1922 he moved from Transylvania to Győr, Hungary, where, while preparing to become a painter, he learnt the craft of goldsmithing and engraving from his father. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts, Budapest, in 1928–9...

Article

Charles Robertson

Italian painter and architect. He was one of the leading artists in Milan in the early 16th century. His early training as a goldsmith may indicate a relatively late start to his activity as a painter, and none of his work may be dated before ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1500, in Florence; died 1571, in Florence.

Draughtsman, sculptor, goldsmith.

Florentine School.

Benvenuto Cellini came from an artistic family: his grandfather was an architect, and his father was a musician who wished his son to be involved in music. However, Benvenuto decided to work for a goldsmith, Antonio di Sandro, and he very soon set up his own business. He was a colourful character: sentenced for beating and wounding, he had to escape Florence and go to Rome. He relates his adventures in his autobiography, ...

Article

Elisa Acanfora

Italian painter, draughtsman and architect. He was the son of Maria Margherita Chiosi, a Florentine woman, and Regolo Coccapani, a nobleman of Carpi who worked as a goldsmith on the Ponte Vecchio, Florence. Sigismondo studied under the architect Bernardo Buontalenti and studied painting with Lodovico Cigoli, with whom he collaborated on the fresco decoration (...

Article

Italian, 20th century, male.

Active also active in France and in Egypt.

Born 1910, in Igalo; died 5 August 2000, in Milan.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, architect, sculptor, decorative designer. Landscapes with figures, landscapes, architectural views. Stage sets, monuments, medals.

Futurism.

Crali was born in what is now called Croatia. Several months later, his family settled in Zara (now Zadar), where he lived until ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1530, in Perugia; died 1576, in Perugia.

Painter, sculptor (bronze/marble/cast iron/clay), draughtsman, goldsmith, architect. Religious subjects, historical subjects, mythological subjects. Groups, statues, low reliefs.

Vincenzo Danti was the brother of Girolamo and Egnazio Danti. He worked initially in the goldsmiths' trade, in whose guild he enrolled in ...

Article

Francesco Paolo Fiore and Pietro C. Marani

Italian architect, engineer, painter, illuminator, sculptor, medallist, theorist and writer. He was the most outstanding artistic personality from Siena in the second half of the 15th century. His activities as a diplomat led to his employment at the courts of Naples, Milan and Urbino, as well as in Siena, and while most of his paintings and miniatures date from before ...

Article

Italian, 17th century, male.

Active in Faenza.

Died 1709.

Engraver, goldsmith, painter. Architectural views.

The son of Giovanni Fantaguzzi, Savino Fantaguzzi II painted decorations for churches and palazzi in several towns in Italy, including Faenza and Florence. He subsequently had figures added to his work by painters such as the French artist C. de Bock and G. Neri of Bologna. He collaborated with de Bock on a ceiling fresco entitled ...

Article

Danielle B. Joyner

From the time John Cassian established the first female foundation in Marseille in ad 410, monastic women lived in varying states of enclosure and were surrounded by diverse images and objects that contributed to their devotion, education and livelihood. The first rule for women, written in 512 by St Caesarius of Arles, emphasized their strict separation from men and the world, as did the ...

Article

Fossier  

French, 18th century, male.

Activec.1775.

Draughtsman, designer of ornamental architectural features.

Fossier is remembered for a series of Trophies engraved by Berthault, two plates of Goldsmith's Work engraved by Bénard, and two plates for Happy Misfortunes by Ingouf. Patas engraved several plates of his drawings for the ...

Article

Marie Jeannine Aquilino

French painter. He studied metalwork with his father Jacques Galland, an accomplished goldsmith, until age 16. He then entered the studio of Henri Labrouste to study architecture. After two years of training, Labrouste encouraged him to pursue his interest in decorative painting under the direction of ...