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Article

Togolese, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 11 November 1968, in Lomé.

Painter (mixed media).

A self-taught artist, Tetevi Azankpo works with recycled materials such as rusting receptacles, lengths of metal wire and rubber to produce fantasy figurines.

He has exhibited at group exhibitions, among them ...

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Painter, sculptor, mixed media, architect.

Bedel's works are metaphorical. In relief to varying degrees, he combines shiny metal with dull organic materials to create models that resemble towns, while privileging the evocation of the book form. He gives poetic expression to his pessimistic preoccupations concerning the future of humanity....

Article

Zachary Baker

(b Kent, Oct 4, 1966; d Scotland, March 29, 2008).

English conceptual artist, photographer, painter and installation artist. He is associated primarily with the Goldsmiths’ College group, sometimes known as the ‘Freeze Generation’, which emerged in the late 1980s during Michael Craig-Martin’s period of teaching there. In February 1988, as a second year student, Fairhurst organized a small group exhibition at the Bloomsbury Gallery of the University of London Institute of Education; it included, alongside his own work, art by fellow students Mat Collishaw, Abigail Lane and Damien Hirst. This was a kind of precursory event for the more dynamic and famous Freeze exhibition of summer 1988, curated by Hirst, in which he also participated. In the early 1990s he was involved in many seminal events and exhibitions such as A Fête worse than Death (1993), on Charlotte Road and Rivington Street, London, curated by Joshua Compston (1971–96) and Factual Nonsense, and Some Went Mad, Some Ran Away...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 27 May 1924, in Rodez.

Painter (mixed media), engraver, lithographer, medallist. Landscapes.

After studying at the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris, Pierre Fournel qualified as a teacher of drawing in 1949. In 1950 he was appointed to teach in Montpellier and settled in the village of Castelnau. He produced medals of Joseph Delteil and Jean Hugo for the Paris Mint as well as commemorative medals of the Marquis Jean Pierre and Gabriel Couderc, founder of the Musée Paul Valery in Sète....

Article

Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 1936, in Villach.

Sculptor, painter, installation artist, draughtsman.

Bruno Gironcoli first studied to be a goldsmith in Innsbruck, then followed courses in fine arts from 1957 until 1959, and decorative arts from 1960 until 1962, at the academy in Vienna. He then spent two years in Paris. He lives and works in Vienna, where he has taught at the school of decorative arts and the art college since ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Ireland from 1990.

Born 1961, in Great Britain.

Painter (mixed media).

Pop Art.

From 1980 to 1984, David Godbold studied at the Norwich School of Art and Design and then at Goldsmiths College in London. In 1999 to ...

Article

British, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 7 June 1965, in Bristol.

Assemblage artist, installation artist, painter.

Conceptual Art, Young British Artists.

Damien Hirst studied at Goldsmiths College, London (1986–1989). In 1988, while still a student, he curated the seminal exhibition Freeze in a disused industrial building in the East End of London. This exhibition launched his career, along with that of a number of other young artists from Goldsmiths such as Mat Collishaw and Michael Landy. It also attracted the attention of collector Charles Saatchi who bought two of his works. In ...

Article

Octavia Nicholson

(Steven)

(b Bristol, June 7, 1965).

English sculptor, installation artist, painter, and printmaker. He was a leading figure in the group of ‘Young British Artists’ who emerged, predominantly in London, in the 1990s. He studied at Goldsmiths’ College, London (1986–9), and in 1988 curated the exhibition Freeze, which provided a new platform to show his own work and that of many of his Goldsmiths’ contemporaries, some of whom have since become internationally renowned. His works are explicitly concerned with the fundamental dilemmas of human existence; his constant themes have included the fragility of life, society’s reluctance to confront death, and the nature of love and desire, often clothed in titles which exist somewhere between the naive and the disingenuous. The works typically make use of media that challenge conventional notions of high art and aesthetic value and subject-matter that critiques the values of late 20th-century culture.

Dead animals are frequently used in Hirst’s installations, forcing viewers to consider their own and society’s attitudes to death. Containers such as aquariums and vitrines are also hallmarks of his work; reflecting the formal influence of Minimalism and certain sculptures by Jeff Koons, they are used as devices to impose control on the fragile subject-matter contained within them and as barriers between the viewer and the viewed. ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1900, in La Charité-sur-Loire (Nièvre); died 1994.

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, medallist.

Surrealist group.

Marcel Jean studied at the Paris École des Arts Décoratifs from 1919 to 1921. He did a number of different things until 1924 and then went to the USA to work as an industrial draughtsman. He must have returned to France in the early 1930s, when he was involved in the Surrealist movement. From 1938 to 1945 he lived in Hungary, working mainly as a writer and publishing an essay called ...

Article

Norwegian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1948, in Bergen.

Painter (mixed media).

Lyn Group.

Bjorn Krzywinski trained at the College of Art in Cardiff from 1966 to 1967 and at the Goldsmith College of Art, London from 1968 to 1969. A member of the Lyn Group...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1959, in London.

Painter, installation artist, video artist, curator, writer.

David Mabb was educated at Hastings College (1976-1977), and in London at Goldsmiths College (1977-1980) and Chelsea School of Art (1980-1981). He teaches fine art at Goldsmiths College....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 27 January 1921, in Boulogne-sur-Mer. Died 10 June 2012.

Painter (including mixed media/gouache), watercolourist, performance artist, medallist, ceramicist. Designs for mosaics.

Georges Mathieu was born in Boulogne-sur-Mer. He left for Versailles in 1933 then, during the war, went to Lille, where he studied law, philosophy and obtained an degree in English. In 1942 he worked as a teacher in a secondary school in Douai. He was then an interpreter and teacher for the American armies in Cambrai, Biarritz and Istres. In 1947 he settled in Paris, and was elected to the Institut de France....

Article

Catherine M. Grant

(b Düsseldorf, Dec 27, 1965).

German sculptor, painter and installation artist, active in Wales. She studied Fine Art at Goldsmiths’ College, London (1987–90), before going on to study for an MA in Sculpture at Chelsea College of Art and Design, London (1991–2). Her work in the mid-1990s focused on modelling small three-dimensional recreations of paintings by German Romantic artists such as Caspar David Friedrich, contained in glass tanks which were filled with saline solution and dye to reproduce the dramatic sunsets and skies. Neudecker accentuated the kitsch fantasy of these landscapes, making the imagined mountains and hills ‘real’ as objects, albeit in miniature form. The Sea of Ice 1997; Eastbourne, Towner A.G. & Local Hist. Mus.) is typical of these works. The associations with German history, and in particular with Hitler’s appropriation of Romanticism, forms a cultural backdrop to these landscapes that unsettles the innocent, childlike imagery. Maps are another important motif in Neudecker’s exploration of the ways in which cultural identity is affected by personal conceptions of geography and history. In an ongoing project initiated in ...

Article

British, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1958, in London.

Painter (mixed media), sculptor of assemblages.

New British Sculpture.

From 1979 to 1982, Julian Opie studied at Goldsmith’s School of Art in London. In 1995 he was resident at the Atelier Calder in Saché, where he prepared his ...

Article

John-Paul Stonard

(b London, Dec 12, 1958).

English sculptor, painter, printmaker and installation artist. He studied at Goldsmiths’ College (1979–82) under Michael Craig-Martin, for whom he briefly worked as an assistant, and emerged as an influential figure on the British art scene in the 1980s, with a highly inventive series of painted metal sculptures. These humorous and playful sculptures combined a loosely painted imagery with steel shapes, as in the case of This One Took Ages to Make (1983; New York, Mr and Mrs A. Safir priv. col., see 1994 exh. cat., p.15), representing a red typewriter supported by the loose pages that fall from it. Towards the end of the 1980s his sculptures became larger, more austere and minimal, and were often based on a relationship between art and architecture. As his work developed it dealt increasingly with the exploration of visual and spatial experience, often with reference to digital simulation. Imagine You are Walking (1–18)...

Article

Andrew Cross

revised by Mary Chou

(b London Aug 9, 1962).

British sculptor, painter and installation artist. Born to Nigerian parents, he grew up in Nigeria before returning to England to study Fine Art in London at Byam Shaw School of Art and Goldsmiths’ College where he completed his MFA. Shonibare’s West African heritage has been at the heart of his work since he started exhibiting in 1988, when he began using ‘Dutch-wax’ dyed fabrics, commonly found in Western Africa, both for wall-mounted works (as pseudo paintings) and for sculpted figures. Generally perceived as ‘authentic’African cloth, the tradition of Batik originated in Indonesia, and was appropriated by the Dutch who colonized the country. Manufactured in Holland and Britain, the cloth was then shipped to West Africa where it became the dress of the working class in nations such as Nigeria. Shonibare used the material as a way of deconstructing the more complex histories that determine these and other images of ethnicity. As such, he has been described as a ‘post-cultural hybrid’ or the ‘quintessential postcolonial artist’ by critics as well as the artist himself....