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Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 22 March 1705, in Nancy; died 27 March 1778, in Paris.

Sculptor, art restorer, decorative designer.

The second son of Jacob-Sigisbert Adam, Nicolas-Sébastien Adam left Nancy at the age of 16 and went to continue his studies in Paris. He made rapid progress and became widely known. The treasurer general of Languedoc summoned him to the Château de La Mosson, near Montpellier, and commissioned him to embellish his château with sculptures. He remained there for four years and in ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 11 February 1763, in Toulon; died 28 February 1831, in Toulon.

Sculptor, draughtsman, art restorer. Religious subjects, seascapes. Decorative schemes.

Brun first studied sculpture at the workshop of the Port of Toulon, before moving to Rome in 1782, where he spent six months perfecting his art with the Roman masters of the day. With no means to support himself, he eventually returned to France. Two years later, influential patrons secured him a grant from the King, enabling him to study in Italy for a further four years. Upon his return to Toulon in ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1509, in Gandino near Bergamo; died 1579, in Madrid, in 1569 according to the Larousse Dictionary.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman (including wash), architect, decorative artist, art restorer. Religious subjects, historical subjects, mythological subjects. Wall decorations, frescoes.

After a study trip to Rome, paid for by his protector Tobia Pallavicini, Giovanni Battista Castello (Il Bergamasco) produced a series of works in Genoa and Bergamo. His best-known works in Bergamo include the fresco ...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1894, in Sprang; died 1949.

Painter, sculptor (including wood), draughtsman (including charcoal/ink), decorative artist, art restorer. Figure compositions, figures, scenes with figures, genre scenes, landscapes with figures, seascapes, animals.

In 1906, Hendrik Chabot's family settled in Rotterdam, where he worked as a decorative artist as well as attending evening classes at the art academy. In ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 April 1906, in Gourdon (Lot); died 15 May 1991, in Choisy-le-Roi.

Sculptor (including bronze), draughtsman, art restorer. Figures, animals. Low reliefs, statues, busts, medallions, decorative schemes.

André Lavaysse started his training in Cahors, before moving to Paris, where he was guided by Charles Despiau. He carried out numerous restoration commissions on historical monuments in Paris, such as: the trophies of Hôtel Coislyn, Place de la Concorde, the trophies of the Ministère de la Marine and of the Palais de l'Élysée, the sculptures in the church of la Madeleine and the low reliefs of the Arc de Triomphe, and the recumbent effigies on the tombs and the sculptures in the Basilica of St Denis....

Article

Deborah Cullen

[MoMA] (New York)

The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) was founded in 1929 by patrons Lillie P(lummer) Bliss, Cornelius J. Sullivan and Rockefeller family §(1) to establish an institution devoted to modern art. Over the next ten years the Museum moved three times and in 1939 settled in the Early Modern style building (1938–9) designed by Philip S. Goodwin and Edward Durell Stone that it still occupies at 11 West 53 Street. Subsequent renovations and expansions occurred in the 1950s and 1960s by Philip Johnson, in 1984 by Cesar Pelli and in 2002–4 by Yoshirō Taniguchi (b 1937). MoMA QNS, the temporary headquarters during this project, was subsequently used to provide art storage. In 2000, MoMA and the contemporary art space, P.S.1, Long Island City, Queens, announced their affiliation. Recent projects are shown at P.S.1 in Queens in a renovated public school building.

According to founding director, Alfred H(amilton) Barr...