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Gordon Campbell

(b 1845; d 1908).

American interior decorator and founder of the first tapestry factory in the USA. He worked for Herter Brothers (see Herter, Christian) on the decoration of a series of grand houses, notably William H. Vanderbilt’s house on Fifth Avenue, New York, and William Welsh Harrison’s Grey Towers Castle (now part of Arcadia University) in Philadelphia. When the Vanderbilt house was completed in 1882, Christian Herter returned to Germany and Baumgarten took over the company. In 1891 he started his own company, William Baumgarten and Company, Inc., and in 1893 complemented his interior decoration business with a tapestry factory in his Fifth Avenue premises. He recruited weavers and dyers from the Royal Windsor Tapestry Manufactory (which had closed in 1890), including five weavers from the Foussadier family. The factory’s tapestries include one at Grey Towers (1898).

A Short Résumé of the History of Tapestry Making in the Past and Present...


Canadian, 19th century, male.

Painter, decorative designer. Religious subjects.

The Abbé Chobert was the director of a school of decoration.


Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 1910, in Tonala (Jalisco); died 1973.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist. Religious subjects, figures, portraits. Wall decorations.

After the revolutionary period from 1923 to 1930, many art schools were opened in Mexico. Initially a traditionalist, Jesús Guerrero-Galvan changed technique after teaching children at one of these schools to paint. Originally an easel painter, he executed his first mural painting in ...


Canadian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 8 October 1864, in St-Hilaire-sur-Richelieu (Quebec); died June 1955, in St-Hyacinthe (Quebec).

Painter, decorative designer. Religious subjects, portraits, still-lifes.

Ozias Leduc was the son of a carpenter. A mostly self-taught painter, he also studied for a time under Alphone Réau in Richelieu (Quebec). As an art teacher himself, later in his career, his pupils included the Canadian painter Paul-Emile Borduas. Leduc travelled to Paris in ...


Canadian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1860; died 1946.

Painter, decorative designer. Religious subjects, landscapes.

Toussaint Xénophon Renaud was a pupil at the school of Father Chobert, and then at the school of the master designer Napoléon Bourassa. He executed designs and paintings for 122 churches, 26 chapels and several presbyteries in Canada. In his leisure time he produced landscapes....