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Article

Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 1905, in Mexico City; died 1947, in Mexico City.

Painter, lithographer. Figure compositions, scenes with figures, landscapes. Wall decorations, stage sets.

Julio Castellanos studied at the Academia de San Carlos in Mexico City. He then travelled around Latin America, the USA, and Europe. He was appointed director of theatrical enterprises at the ministry of art, and designed numerous ballet sets. He also painted mural decorations, notable for a school in Coyoacan and another in Peralvillo. As a result of his official duties and the fact that he was also teaching, his output was fairly small....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Active from 1950 active in France.

Born 15 November 1925, in Tompkinsville (Kentucky).

Painter (mixed media), watercolourist. Stage sets, decorative schemes.

Joseph Dudley Downing was a pupil at the Art Institute of Chicago from 1946 until 1950. As soon as he had completed his studies, he moved to Paris. Here he lives and works, dividing his time with Ménerbes in the South of France....

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 10 December 1874, in Fort Wayne (Indiana); died 15 April 1960, in Falls Village.

Painter, engraver, illustrator. Wall decorations, stage sets, posters.

Charles Buckles Falls was a member of the Society of Illustrators and the National Society of Mural Painters and was awarded a number of distinctions....

Article

Homero  

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1985.

Born 1919, in Argentina, to a Greek father.

Painter, decorative artist. Figures, nudes, portraits, landscapes, still-lifes. Stage sets.

Homero studied at the school of fine arts in Buenos Aires before continuing his training in Europe. He taught drawing and painting in Buenos Aires and from ...

Article

Leland M. Roth and Gordon Campbell

(John)

(b Vienna, Sept 22, 1890; d New York, Dec 27, 1965).

American architect, stage designer, furniture designer and writer of Austrian birth. In 1920 he worked with Adolf Loos in Vienna. He was also in contact with the artists associated with De Stijl and began experimenting with innovative theatre designs. In 1924 he produced the Endless Theatre design. The ‘Endless’ was a double-curved shell of reinforced concrete that could enclose any irregularly traditional divisions into floor, wall, and ceiling but offered the inhabitant an open interior that could be modified at will. For the theatre he adapted the ‘Endless’ by devising a double-spiral stage interconnected by ramps and rings of spectator seats. Kiesler believed that the Endless Theatre, without proscenium or curtain, projecting out into the audience, with perpetually moving walls bathed in light of ever changing colour, would promote greater interaction between actors and audience.

For the celebrated Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes in Paris in 1925...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1910, in Philadelphia; died 1975.

Painter, sculptor, decorative designer. Stage sets.

Gabriel Kohn's father was an engraver, and he studied under him before being admitted at the Cooper Union in 1929 to study sculpture with Gaetano Cecere. He went on to learn modelling at the Institute of Design, while working for New York sculptors in the early 1930s. From ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 13 January 1904, in London; died 13 July 1978, in St James, Barbados.

Painter (mixed media), stage set designer, costume designer, interior designer, architect.

Oliver Messel's grandfather was leading Punch cartoonist, Linley Sambourne. He studied under Henry Tonks at the Slade School of Art in London ...

Article

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Born 1833, in Lugano (Ticino); died 1861, in Montevideo (Uruguay).

Painter, decorative designer. Stage sets.

Domenico Monteverde was the brother of Luigi Monteverde.

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 1927, in Montreal; died 1991.

Painter, sculptor, illustrator, decorative designer. Stage sets, frescoes, posters, fabric designs, advertising art.

Groupe des Automatistes.

Jean-Paul Mousseau was initially a pupil of Brother Jérôme at the Collège Notre Dame in Montreal, then studied in the studio of Borduas ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 24 October 1883, in New York; died 18 November 1945, in Brandenburg.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, decorative designer. Figures. Designs for ceramics, stage sets.

Jugendstil, Art Deco.

Paul Scheurich studied at the arts academy in Berlin from 1902 to 1904. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 10 June 1928, in Brooklyn (New York City).

Watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, decorative designer. Stage costumes and sets.

Maurice Sendak comes from a family of Polish Jews who emigrated to the USA before World War I. While working as a window dresser he attended an evening course at the Art Students' League so that he could become an independent illustrator. He lives and works in Ridgefield (Connecticut)....

Article

Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 18 August 1920, in Guadalajara (Jalisco).

Painter (mixed media/gouache), sculptor, engraver, decorative artist, draughtsman. Figures, nudes, portraits, interiors with figures, landscapes, animals. Stage sets.

Juan Soriano had no artistic training other than some instruction on 19th century Mexican and European art. When very young he apparently received advice from Roberto Montenegro and Jesús Reyes Ferreira. In 1935 he was appointed to teach in Mexico art school. He often visited Europe, especially Rome and Paris, where he lived....

Article

Canadian, 20th century, male.

Born 13 June 1924, in Toronto (Ontario); died 1990.

Painter, collage artist, draughtsman, sculptor, illustrator, engraver, decorative designer. Murals, stage costumes and sets.

Op Art.

Painters Eleven.

Harold Barling Town studied at the Western Technical Institute and the Ontario College of Art in Toronto ...

Article

Paul Louis Bentel

(b Vienna, 1872; d New York, July 10, 1933).

American architect, stage designer, interior designer and illustrator of Austrian birth. He studied at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna under Karl Hasenauer. Urban first received recognition as an architect in the USA in 1904 when his design for the interior of the Austrian Pavilion at the World’s Fair in St Louis, MO, was awarded a Gold Medal. He subsequently established himself in Europe as a stage designer; in 1911 he emigrated to the USA to assume a position as set designer with the Boston Opera Company.

After the completion of the Ziegfield Theater (1922), New York, Urban solidified his reputation as an architect with unexecuted proposals for several large theatres. For the Metropolitan Opera House, intended as the focal point of the first schemes for the Rockefeller Center (1926–8), he proposed a semi-circular seating arrangement, to which he added galleries that projected from the proscenium into the seating area to break down the separation between audience and stage. In ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 3 April 1905, in Lebanon (Ohio); died 1976.

Painter, draughtsman, decorative designer, architect. Costume studies.

Russel Wright lived and worked in New York. He designed stage costumes.