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Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 18 November 1933, in McPherson (Kansas).

Painter, draughtsman, printmaker, collage artist, assemblage artist, sculptor, film maker.

Pop Art, Funk Art.

Bruce Conner studied at Wichita University; at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln where he received a BFA in 1956; at Brooklyn Art School (...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 1935, in Cincinnati.

Painter (gouache), watercolourist, assemblage artist, happenings artist, draughtsman, lithographer, photographer.

Neo-Dadaism, Pop Art.

Jim Dine spent his childhood in his father’s painting and plumbing tool shop. He studied at the University of Cincinnati and then at Ohio University, leaving with a Bachelor of Arts in 1957. He also followed courses at Boston Museum School. In 1958 he settled in New York, participating in the birth of Pop Art and, more especially, Happening Art, participating in avant-garde group exhibitions. However, this allegiance to Pop Art has to be moderated to some extent; even though historically he lived this experience, he always added a somewhat poetic, sentimental nuance and retained an attachment to pictorial problems, something that brought him closer to another artist who found himself isolated during this period: Cy Twombly....

Article

American, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1949, in New Haven (Connecticut).

Painter (mixed media), draughtswoman, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer.

Neo-Pop Art.

Carroll Dunham almost always paints on panels, integrating the natural unevenness of the wood into the structure of the work. Influenced by Pop Art, she creates biomorphic abstractions and tragi-comic figures combining grotesqueness and power. These creatures, which come from comic book culture and what is known as 'low art', are nevertheless painted with a skill that places them in the pictorial tradition of 'high art'. Peter Schjeldahl has compared her work to a confrontation between and a graffitist in a public toilet and Helen Frankenthaler. The interior violence of the paintings became more accentuated in the 1990s, expressing the multiple contradictions of contemporary American society....

Article

Reena Jana

(b Cologne, Germany, 1969).

American mixed-media artist of German birth and Asian descent. Ezawa studied at the Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf (1990–94) before moving to San Francisco in 1994. He received a BFA from the San Francisco Art Institute (1995) and an MFA from Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA (2003). Ezawa is not a photographer, but his work centers around photography; he has used a variety of media, from digital animations to paper collages and aquatint prints, to revisit some of the world’s most familiar, infamous and historically significant news photographs, television broadcasts and motion-picture stills (see The Simpson Verdict). All of Ezawa’s work utilizes the artist’s signature style of flat, simple renderings that are cartoonlike and also suggest the streamlined and colorful style of Pop artist Katz, Alex.

Ezawa’s project, The History of Photography Remix (2004–6), exemplifies his approach to exploring the power of photographs as a mirror of reality and yet also a force that can manipulate memories of events and people. The project consists of images appropriated from art history textbooks, such as American photographer Cindy Sherman’s ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 20 June 1953, in Paris.

Painter (mixed media), screen printer.

Pop Art.

Dominique Fury points to the influence of Pop Art in her work, with its techniques, silk-screen transfers to canvas and images borrowed from the media, which she has freely put to her own use....

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 24 February 1922, in London, England; died 13 September 2011, in Oxford, England.

Painter, collage artist, draughtsman, engraver.

Pop Art.

Independent Group.

Richard Hamilton began his artistic training as a student at Westminster Technical College, followed by St Martin’s School of Art in 1936, the Royal Academy (1938–1940), and finally the Slade School in London (1948–1951). He was a draughtsman in a factory from 1940 to 1946, a lecturer at the Central School of Arts and Crafts from 1952 to 1966, and a professor in design first at the Royal College of Art (1967–1961) and then at the University of Durham (1956–1958), where he taught with Victor Pasmore. In 1952, he was a member of the Independent Group, which included Eduardo Paolozzi and Reyner Banham, amongst others. In 1966 he organised the Marcel Duchamp retrospective exhibition at the Tate Gallery, London. In 1982, his ...

Article

American, 20th century, male.

Born 15 May 1930, in Allendale (South Carolina) or Augusta (Georgia).

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, printmaker, mixed media, costume and set designer, illustrator. Encaustic.

Neo-Dadaism, Pop Art.

Jasper Johns grew up in South Carolina. He attended courses in art and painting at the University of South Carolina and, in 1948, enrolled in a commercial art school for two semesters in New York City. He served in the US Army for two years during the Korean War but was able to resume his studies at City College in New York in 1953, thanks to the GI Bill. It was at this time that he met his lifelong friend Robert Rauschenberg, the composer John Cage, and the dancer Merce Cunningham. He acted as artistic adviser for Cage and Cunningham’s dance company until 1972, collaborating with painters such as Robert Morris, Frank Stella, Bruce Nauman, and Andy Warhol. He lives and works in New York State and St Martin in the French West Indies. He has been a member of the New York Academy of Arts and Letters since 1988....

Article

Belgian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1947, in Zottegem.

Collage artist, draughtsman, engraver, photographer, video artist. Cartoons for tapestries.

Neo-Pop Art.

Danny Matthys has created vast collages, verging on Pop Art, in which he has integrated any materials he could find, including textiles, plastics, nylon and wood. He has taken part in collective exhibitions in Ghent and Knokke-le-Zoute and has had solo exhibitions in Ghent....

Article

Swedish, 20th century, male.

Active in the United States.

Born 1929, in Stockholm.

Sculptor, painter, mixed media, watercolourist, lithographer, draughtsman, performance artist.

Neo-Dadaism, Pop Art.

The son of a Swedish consular official, Claes Oldenburg arrived in the United States with his family in 1929. From 1946 to 1950, he studied art and literature at Yale. After working as a reporter and illustrator, he abandoned journalism in 1952 and attended the Art Institute in Chicago until 1954, exhibiting thereafter in local galleries. In 1956, he settled in New York, where he survived on odd jobs, through which he became familiar with the New York street scene. He met Allan Kaprow, the American artist, art theorist, and main creator of ...

Article

(b Leith, nr Edinburgh, March 7, 1924; d London, April 22, 2005).

British sculptor, collagist, printmaker, film maker and writer. Born of Italian parents, he attended Edinburgh College of Art in 1943 with a view to becoming a commercial artist. After brief military service, in 1944 he attended St Martin’s School of Art in London, and from 1945 to 1947 he studied sculpture at the Slade School of Fine Art (then based in Oxford). While in Oxford he saw ethnographic sculpture at the Pitt Rivers Museum and also became friendly with William Turnbull and Nigel Henderson. The influence of art from non-Western cultures is evident in such early works as Fisherman and Wife (ink, wash and collage, 1946; London, Tate). In 1947 he had his first one-man show at The Mayor Gallery Ltd in London, and in the summer of that year he moved to Paris. He remained there until 1949, meeting artists such as Arp, Braque, Brancusi, Giacometti, Jean Hélion, Léger and Tristan Tzara. He was attracted to Surrealist art and ideas and was also impressed by the ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1 July 1938, in Nîmes; died 12 April 2002, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), draughtsman, collage artist, engraver, lithographer.

Pop Art, Nouvelle Figuration, Figuration Narrative.

Jacques Poli trained at the Écoles des Beaux-Arts in Nîmes, Avignon, Nancy and Paris, where in ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Born 1928, in London.

Painter, sculptor, mixed media, engraver, screen printer. Wall decorations.

Pop Art.

Joseph Tilson was initially a carpenter-joiner and subsequently made use of this skill in his artistic creations. After military service in the Royal Air Force he studied at St Martin's School of Art and the Royal College of Art in London from 1949 to 1955. He won the Knapping Prize and the Rome Prize in 1955, which enabled him to spend two years in Italy. In 1961 he won the Gulbenkian Scholarship for young painters. He also spent some time in Spain. He taught at the University of London, the Institute of Visual Art in New York and the Hamburg School of Fine Art. He was elected an associate of the Royal Academy in 1985 and a full member in 1991....

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Active since 1960 active in France.

Born 1936, in Hamburg.

Painter (mixed media), draughtsman, collage artist, sculptor of assemblages, engraver, lithographer, illustrator.

Pop Art, Nouvelle Figuration, Figuration Narrative.

Jan Voss attended the Kunstakademie in Munich from 1955 to 1960. In 1960 he went to live in Paris. In 1966-1967 he was invited to the Kunstakademie in Hamburg as a painting instructor. From 1987 to 1992 he taught at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris....