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Article

Russian, 20th century, male.

Also active in France.

Born 11 July 1889, in Petropavlosk (Kamchatka); died 1974, in Paris.

Painter, collage artist, sculptor, illustrator, draughtsman. Stage costumes and sets, film sets.

The son of a political exile in Kamchatka, Yuri Annenkov was able to go to St Petersburg in 1898 and study at the school of fine art and at several artists’ workshops between 1908 and 1911, developing a passion for the theatre and theatrical production. He went to Paris in 1911 and studied with Maurice Denis and Félix Vallotton and then went to Switzerland in 1913. He exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants in Paris in 1912 and 1913 and then returned to Russia where he joined the...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 20 August 1902, in Paris; died 11 February 1949, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), pastellist, watercolourist, collage artist, draughtsman, illustrator. Nudes, portraits, genre scenes. Stage costumes and sets.

Bérard studied at the Académie Ranson in Paris in 1920. He was influenced by the graphic art of Maurice Denis, and by the sense of colour he found in the work of both Bonnard and Vuillard. He quickly discovered a passion for stage design and costumes, through theatrical friends such as Louis Jouvet, Boris Kochno and Jean Cocteau. The composer Francis Poulenc dedicated his ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1950.

Painter, lithographer, performance artist, photographer. Artists' books.

Fluxus.

Wolf Adam Bottinelli trained at the art academy in Kassel. He appears to have a very free idea of the act of creation, which has brought him close to the ...

Article

Catherine M. Grant

(b Paris, after 1945).

French performance and installation artist, painter, bookmaker, furniture and interior furnishings designer. Chaimowicz moved to England as a child, studying at Ealing College of Art (1963–5), Camberwell College of Art (1965–8) and the Slade School of Art (1968–70). Whilst completing his MA at the Slade, Chaimowicz decided to abandon painting, and started to make performance work, such as Celebration? Real Life (1972; performed at the Ikon Gallery, Birmingham and Gallery House, London). For the duration of each show, Chaimowicz lived within the domestic space that he had created, serving coffee to visitors to the gallery. His work during the 1970s and early 1980s concentrated on performances in imaginary, idealised domestic spaces, with fragmented narratives and symbolic actions. Partial Eclipse (1980–82) consisted of Chaimowicz walking in a figure of eight in front of and behind a screen on which slides of his apartment/studio were projected, whilst a female voice recounted fragments of meetings, situations and relationships (see ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1944, in Lyons; died 8 April 1997, in Turkey, as the result of an accident.

Sculptor of assemblages, installation artist, collage artist, draughtsman, engraver, mixed media, illustrator, performance artist, designer, video artist. Multimedia, stage sets.

Land Art.

Jean Clareboudt studied at the École d'Arts Appliqués ...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA from 1967.

Born 1934, in Oran, Algeria; died 1983.

Draughtsman, mixed media, performance artist. Artists' books.

Conceptual Art.

In 1967, Guy de Cointet left for the USA, where he worked as an assistant to Larry Bell in New York, before moving to Los Angeles. His work and his philosophy, derived from Structuralism, are connected to word-making signs, in experiments in books evolving towards images. The inventor of a new language, Guy de Cointet's artistic books and graphic works are close to concrete poetry: ...

Article

Romanian, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1934.

Born 9 November 1915, in Timisoara; died 11 April 2005, in Grisy-lès-Plâtres (Val-d'Oise), France.

Painter, sculptor of assemblages, draughtsman, illustrator, poster artist. Landscapes, figures. Comic cartoons, stage costumes and sets.

André Farkas studied at the school of art in Budapest. He arrived in France in ...

Article

Horacio Safons

(b Buenos Aires, Jan 14, 1915; d Barcelona, Oct 14, 1965).

Argentine painter, sculptor, performance artist, conceptual artist, poet and illustrator. After studying in Buenos Aires at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes and with Cecilia Marcovich and Tomás Maldonado, he quickly established a reputation for his scandalous views, attracting extreme disapproval and equally strong support. After delivering a lecture at the Juan Cristóbal bookshop, Buenos Aires, entitled ‘Alberto Greco y los pájaros’ he was briefly imprisoned for his ‘Communism and subversive acts’. On his release in the same year he travelled to Paris on a French government grant, selling drawings and watercolours in the cafés and studying painting with Fernand Léger and printmaking with Johnny Friedlaender. Between 1956 and 1958 he lived in São Paulo, where he became aware of Art informel; he painted in this style in the late 1950s and early 1960s (Glusberg, pp. 284–5).

As early as 1959, when he had returned from São Paulo to Buenos Aires, Greco had expressed his corrosive vision of society through the form of his work. In his shows he exhibited tree trunks and rags for cleaning window gratings or floors. He moved again to Paris in ...

Article

British, 20th century, male.

Active in the USA since 1975.

Born 9 July 1937, in Bradford (West Yorkshire).

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, collage artist, draughtsman, engraver (etching/aquatint), lithographer, illustrator, draughtsman, photographer. Portraits, scenes with figures, interiors with figures, landscapes, still-lifes. Stage sets, stage costumes, painted ceramics...

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1924, in Düsseldorf.

Assemblage artist, painter (including gouache), engraver, illustrator. Stage costumes and sets.

Group 53.

Horst Egon Kalinowsky studied at the Staatliche Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf from 1945 to 1948. In 1949-1950, he spent some time in Italy, where he stayed in Rome and Venice. From ...

Article

Austrian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in Rotterdam and Vienna.

Born 1970, in Vienna.

Painter, draughtswoman, engraver, video artist, performance artist, installation artist, photographer, mixed media. Artists' books.

Elke Krystufek paints her own body, produces self-portraits and writes her thoughts across her works; a woman's life constantly historiated and revisited. Her work is a feminist claim that also illustrates the increasingly artificial boundary between private and public life today and the logical consequences of this: the representation of our emotions, 'déjà-vu' replacing the true 'ego' that the artist is actually trying to reach. Though she accepts an affinity with the Expressionist Egon Schiele, she does not recognise any association with Viennese Actionism. Among her performances, mention may be made of the following: ...

Article

Canadian, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1956, in Vancouver.

Painter, performance artist, installation artist, photographer. Artists' books.

Conceptual Art.

Ken Lum graduated from the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, where he began teaching in 1990. He was a visiting professor in the late 1990s in institutions in Paris, Munich and China. He was awarded a Killam Award for Outstanding Research in ...

Article

Lithuanian, 20th century, male.

Active and naturalised in the USA.

Born 1931, in Kaunas; died 9 April 1978, in New York.

Happenings artist, performance artist, photographer, mixed media. Artists' books.

Neo-Dadaism, Fluxus.

George Maciunas was initially an architect and designer, and he opened a gallery in New York....

Article

Matthias Ulrich

(b Lubin, Poland, Sept 11, 1967).

Polish draughtsman, sculptor, video, performance, and mixed media artist, active in the USA. She grew up in Sweden, where she studied Communications at Schillerska/Gothenburg University in Gothenburg from 1986 to 1987. After moving to New York, Mir earned her BFA for Media Arts at the School of Visual Arts in 1992, and from 1994 to 1996 she studied Cultural Anthropology at the New School for Social Research.

Mir’s practice as an artist refers to popular culture in general, focusing on images and ideas that influence and represent social reality, and investigating popular myths and technologies such as the cinematographic representation of images. The journey to the moon, for example, symbolizing the dominance of the United States during the Cold War, receives through Mir’s appropriation in First Woman on the Moon (1999) a critical reflection, taking into consideration patriarchal power structures as well as the apparent staging of reality through mass media. In her work ...

Article

British, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 1968, in England.

Curator, writer, film-maker, publisher. Artists’ books, installation, performance art.

Simon Morris studied at Kingston Polytechnic, London (1987–1990), Winchester School of Art (1996–1997), and took a practice-based PhD in the School of Fine Art, Leeds University (...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 14 April 1920, in Montmerle-sur-Saône (Ain); died 22 June 2007.

Painter, collage artist, draughtsman, illustrator. Stage costumes and sets.

Philibert-Charrin lives and works in Paris. He produces mainly fairly small collages in an abstract, sometimes almost geometric style, into which he inserts figurative fragments such as part of a face or a quotation from another painting....

Article

Swiss, 20th – 21st century, female.

Active in Zurich.

Born 21 June 1962, in Rheintal.

Sculptor, video installation artist, video artist, director, musician, poet. Artists' books.

Pipilotti Rist studied at the Universität für Angewandte Kunst in Vienna, then trained in audiovisual techniques at the school of design in Basel. She won the Premio ...

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 29 October 1930, in Neuilly-sur-Seine; died 22 May 2002, in San Diego (California).

Sculptor, painter (including gouache), watercolourist, collage artist, engraver, draughtswoman, performance artist. Figures. Stage sets, artists’ books, designs (jewels/objets d’art).

Nouvelle Figuration.

Nouveaux Réalistes group.

Niki de Saint-Phalle was educated at the Sacred Heart Convent in New York, where she lived from 1933 to 1951. In 1952 she went to live in Paris with her husband, Harry Matthews, and travelled in Europe. She was a self-taught painter who painted her first canvases in 1953 and then turned to sculpture. In 1960 she met Jean Tinguely, whose companion she became. In the same year Pierre Restany founded the Nouveaux Réalistes group, and Niki de Saint-Phalle joined it in 1961....

Article

Japanese, 20th century, female.

Born 1929, in Sabae-Shi.

Draughtswoman, collage artist, photomontage artist, performance artist. Artists’ books.

Fluxus.

After studying in Japan, Takako Saito went to the USA in 1963 where she made the acquaintance of George Maciunas and completed her education at the Brooklyn Museum Art School. In ...

Article

German, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1959, in Bad Dürkheim.

Performance artist, video artist, photographer. Artists' books.

Tom Stark lives and works in Darmstadt. He produces photographs, videos, performances and artists' books. In 1992 he took part in the exhibition From Bonnard to Baselitz: A Decade of Acquisitions by the Prints Collection 1978-1988...