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Article

Swiss, 18th century, male.

Active in Couvet (Neuchâtel).

Painter (faience), draughtsman. Portraits, urban views.

Berthoud executed a pen-and-ink drawing of The Watchmaker Abr. Boret-Jaquet in his Workshop, 1773, and a Bird's-Eye View of Neuchâtel, 1769.

Neuchâtel (MAH): Bird's-Eye View of Neuchâtel (1769)

Article

Giles Waterfield

(b London, 1756; d London, Jan 7, 1811).

English painter and art collector of Swiss descent. Born to a family of Swiss watchmakers in London, Bourgeois was apprenticed as a boy to P. J. de Loutherbourg. The latter heavily influenced his art, which was to elevate him to membership of the Royal Academy in 1793. Bourgeois specialized in landscape and genre scenes and achieved recognition in his own day with works such as Tiger Hunt and William Tell (both c. 1790; London, Dulwich Pict. Gal.), but his works are no longer regarded as of any note.

Bourgeois was linked from an early age with Noël Desenfans, who in effect adopted him when his father left London for Switzerland. Desenfans promoted Bourgeois’s reputation as an artist and involved him in his own activities as a picture dealer. Bourgeois became passionately interested in buying paintings, and in the last 15 years of his life bought considerable numbers, sometimes creating financial problems for the partnership. His taste was characteristic of the traditional Grand Manner of his time, concentrating on the great names of the 16th and 17th centuries, particularly academic works and paintings of the Netherlandish schools....

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 17 April 1731, in Aix-en-Provence; died 15 November 1788, in Paris.

Architect, sculptor, draughtsman, designer of ornamental architectural features. Decorative motifs. Furniture.

Gilles Cauvet, sculptor to Monsieur, the king's brother, banished the mannered style from interior decoration, preferring classical simplicity. He was director of the Académie de St-Luc in Paris, and organised the Exhibition of ...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Active in Lyons at the end of the 18th century.

Draughtsman.

Gabriel Devarenne worked for the royal furniture depository in Lyons.

Article

British, 18th century, male.

Born 1685, in Yorkshire; died 12 April 1748, in London.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, architect. History painting, portraits, architectural views, designs for furniture.

William Kent came from a poor family. He was apprenticed to a carriage painter but ran away and set himself up as a portrait painter in London around 1704. He made enough friends to gather sufficient funds for a trip to Rome in 1710. There, he became a pupil of Luti and won a second-class medal at the academy. When his money was about to run out, a compatriot guaranteed him a living of 40 pounds sterling for seven years. After a brief return to England, he came back to Rome again....

Article

Alan Powers

(b Paris, March 19, 1715; d St Petersburg, March 24, 1759).

French painter, furniture designer, architect and engraver. He studied with Jacques Dumont and won the Grand Prix de Peinture in 1739. He remained for eight years in Rome, where his architectural designs for the temporary centrepiece of the annual Chinea festival (1745, 1746 and 1747) are early examples of Neo-classicism, displaying a simple architectonic use of the orders that indicates his association with Giovanni Battista Piranesi in the circle of students of the Académie de France in Rome, who were highly influential in French architecture from the 1760s onwards. On his return to Paris in 1747, Le Lorrain enjoyed the patronage of the Comte de Caylus, for whom he executed engravings of ancient paintings and revived the technique of encaustic. Through de Caylus he obtained a commission from Count Carl Gustav Tessin to design quadratura representations of columns and niches for the dining-room walls of his country house at Åkerö, Sweden, in ...

Article

Susan Morris

(b Cologne, 1731; d Oxford, Dec 12, 1812).

English painter and printmaker of German birth. The son of a watchmaker, he moved to England c. 1754 and taught music and drawing in London, Lewes and Bristol before settling in Oxford as a drawing-master and leader of the band at the city’s Music Room. In 1763 he published 12 etchings of views near Oxford; further sets of etchings followed in 1771 and 1772. His only Royal Academy exhibit was a watercolour landscape, shown in 1773 when he was listed as an honorary exhibitor. There is no evidence that he sold his work. Nearly 500 drawings by Malchair are in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford; these include unpretentious cottage subjects and panoramic views of the city (e.g. Oxford in Flood Time, from Shotover Hill, 1791) characterized by an atmospheric haziness achieved through blurred pencil lines and grey or pastel wash. Visits to north Wales in 1789, 1791 and 1795 encouraged him to use bolder grey washes, strong pencil lines and vertiginous mountain compositions as, for example, in ...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 1699, in Mazan; died 15 February 1769, in Paris.

Draughtsman, designer of ornamental architectural features.

Alexis Peyrotte designed furniture for the king, working at Fontainebleau, Versailles and Choisy. His son, Augustin Laurent Peyrotte, was a painter of ornamental work in Avignon....

Article

Gordon Campbell

Article

Nancy Halverson Schless

(b Philadelphia, PA, 1788; d Nashville, TN, April 6, 1854).

American architect, engineer and painter. Among the first generation of native-born architects, he was an influential designer in the Greek Revival style. Over a period of almost 50 years he executed more than 70 commissions, many of them in Philadelphia. His last major building was the Tennessee State Capitol in Nashville, built from 1845.

Through his father, a master carpenter who had worked on Latrobe’s Bank of Pennsylvania, Strickland was apprenticed to Benjamin Henry Latrobe in 1803, remaining in his office for about four years. During his apprenticeship he studied Latrobe’s folios of Greek antiquities, including James Stuart’s and Nicholas Revett’s Antiquities of Athens, 4 vols (1762–1816), as well as publications by the Society of Dilettanti. By 1807 he was in New York with his father, working as a painter of stage scenery. The following year he returned to Philadelphia, where he received his first major commission: a design for the city’s Masonic Hall (...

Article

French, 17th – 18th century, male.

Born before 1680; died 1732.

Painter, decorative designer. Decorative motifs (chinoiseries). Stage sets, designs for tapestries, furniture.

Little is known of his early training. About 1710 he was working for the Académie Royale de Musique and painting designs for scenery for the Paris Opera. In ...

Article

Swedish, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 9 September 1759, in Rättvik; died 29 September 1833, in Hedesunda.

Painter, designer. Genre scenes, rustic scenes. Murals, furniture.

Hans Wikström was the most famous painter of farm scenes in the Gästrikland region. The museum in Stockholm contains several decorations by him for furniture and frescoes intended for farms....