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Carol Magee

(b Dec 8, 1956).

Ethiopian painter, installation artist, graphic designer, and writer, active in the USA. She grew up in Addis Ababa in a family of painters before moving to the USA. She graduated from Howard University, Washington, DC, with a BFA in painting (1975) and returned in 1994 for an MFA. Her early works, based on dreams or visions, have richly textured surfaces. In the 1980s she abandoned her early palette of reds, ochres, and greens for one of purples and blues. Later paintings depict an urban environment and frequently evoke the feeling of dislocation and nostalgia that comes from living in a country that is not one’s own. Her use of themes and motifs from myriad cultures (including those of Ethiopia and Latin America) comes out of her experiences as a diasporic subject as well as the lives of the women around her. Her pieces often tell their stories, as in the Dream Dancers series (...

Article

South African, 20th–21st century, male.

Born 28 April 1955, in Johannesburg.

Draughtsman, engraver, graphic designer, film producer, sculptor, theatre and opera designer and producer. Multimedia, animated films.

Land Art.

Although William Kentridge has practised his creativity in many domains and in a wide range of media (animated films, land art, sculpture, printmaking, theatre and opera design and production, installations), it is chiefly his large-scale charcoal drawings in process (drawing for animation) and his unique, short, animated films and their projection that have given him international fame....

Article

S. J. Vernoit

(b Aïn Beida, Jan 20, 1947).

Algerian painter and graphic artist. He studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Algiers, and in Paris at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Ecole des Arts Décoratifs and Institut d’Urbanisme de l’Académie de Paris. After returning to Algeria he worked at the Bureau d’Etudes des Tanneries and the Bureaux d’Etudes des Textiles, and he then went to Tunisia, where he became cultural adviser at the Musée d’Art Moderne in Tunis. Inspired by the calligraphic movement in Arab painting in the 1960s, he explored the potential of abstract calligraphic compositions in graphic art to great effect (e.g. the engravings Testament of the Enemy, 1981) and also utilized such media as wood, silk, parchment and ceramics for this purpose, often with a minimal use of colour. Since 1970 he has exhibited his work in Europe, the Middle East, Japan, South America and the USA, and has won numerous awards.

Third World Biennale of Graphic Art...

Article

Carol Magee

(b Harare, 1952).

Zimbabwean graphic artist. To escape the civil war in Zimbabwe he moved to Zambia in 1974, where he completed basic courses in art. He then went to England on a scholarship, receiving his BA in 1980 from Middlesex University and his MA from the Central School of Art and Design, London. He returned to Zimbabwe and began work as a designer for an advertising agency, eventually establishing his own studio, the Maviyane Project. He was one of 25 designers from around the world, and the only African, to be asked to participate in designing a poster for the 1992 Earth Summit. The popularity of this poster brought him international acclaim. He was highly influenced by Cuban and Polish posters and blended their explicit political messages with African motifs and imagery. This interest in promoting political and social change is evident in a series of images from the mid-1990s. These computer-manipulated colour photographs are based on articles from the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, for example ...

Article

Deborah A. Hoover

(Bwalwa)

(b Mwense, 1961).

Zambian painter, sculptor, graphic artist and administrator. He received a diploma in the teaching of art from Evelyn Hone College, Lusaka (1989), and obtained both his BA (1998) and MA (1999) in Fine Art from Middlesex University, London. He worked as a cartographer (1985–6) for the World Health Organization at TDRC and taught art from 1990 to 1992. Since then he has been active in the arts community, initiating grassroots and high-level projects. He founded the Zambia National Visual Arts Council (1989) and managed the Henry Tayali Centre (1994), proposed ‘Nimbile’ as a name for the Mbile Workshop (1992) and established regional and international art links. In 1994 he travelled to the US on an Art Administration study tour sponsored by the US Information Services (USIS). In addition to his own studio practice, he curated national and international exhibitions, mounting the first contemporary art exhibition to inaugurate the new National Museum in Lusaka (...

Article

Simon Njami

(b St Louis, Nov 17, 1951).

Senegalese painter, graphic artist, mosaicist and printmaker , active in Austria. Interested in painting since he was a child, he studied at the Institut National des Arts du Senegal (1969–73) and the Academy of Fine Arts, Vienna. Although he lives in Vienna, he visits Dakar for several months each year. In 1975 he was commissioned to create a mosaic for the University of Dakar. He participated in Dak’Art ’92 and other international exhibitions, and among his honours is the selection of his design for the logo of Dak’Art ’96. Inspired by his Muslim religion and Arabic calligraphy, his paintings are composed of Islamic motifs in black and ochre, evoking Koranic writing boards. The overall effect is one of linear geometry. The linear quality of his work has been compared to that of Oshogbo artists. In other works the lines are abstracted blue and white elements, with varied symbols faintly visible....

Article

Chika Okeke

(b Onitsha, June 4, 1946).

Nigerian painter, graphic artist, illustrator and poet. After studying at Central Art School, Onitsha, and Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria (1965–6), he received his BA (1972) and MFA (1977) from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, where he studied with Uche Okeke. He worked as a commercial artist and graphic designer for the Ministry of Agriculture, Enugu, and the Ministry of Information, Aba. Among his many honours are the Department of Fine Arts Prize (University of Nigeria, Nsukka), the T. A. Fasuyi Prize for painting, the Commercial Art Cup, the Shell d’Arcy Cup for painting, and the 1990 Association of Nigerian Authors Cadbury Poetry Prize. His interest in artistic communities was a major factor in the foundation of the AKA Circle of Exhibiting Artists (1986). The Biafran Civil War (1967–70) greatly impacted his life and art. At that time he abandoned mimetic naturalism as a style, turning instead to the linear forms and symbols of ...