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Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, female.

Born 1928, in Montevideo.

Painter, engraver.

Having taught herself to paint at a very early age, Afamados de Sans enrolled in the engraving course at the national college of fine arts in Montevideo. She participated regularly in the national salon, where she obtained first prize in ...

Article

Sofia Hernández Chong Cuy

American installation artists, active also in Puerto Rico. Jennifer Allora (b Philadelphia, Mar 20, 1974) graduated with a bachelor’s degree in art from the University of Richmond, Virginia (1996), and Guillermo Calzadilla (b Havana, Cuba, Jan 10, 1971) graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts from the Escuela de Artes Plastica in San Juan, Puerto Rico (1996). Allora and Calzadilla met in Italy in 1995 during a study abroad program in Florence. They then lived together in San Juan for a year before moving to New York City where they started working collaboratively while each participated in different residency and study programs. In 1998–1999, Allora participated in the year-long Whitney Independent Study Program, while Calzadilla participated in the P.S.1 Contemporary Arts Center National Studio Program.

Allora & Calzadilla’s first important international exhibition was the XXIV Bienal de São Paulo in 1998 curated by Paulo Herkenhoff, which investigated the idea of cultural cannibalism known in Brazilian literature as ...

Article

Cuban, 20th century, male.

Active in France since 1992.

Born 8 September 1934, in Havana.

Painter, draughtsman, graphic designer, film maker.

Armas studied Cuban archaeology, and rupestrian art in particular. He was a caricaturist at first, then a graphic designer and film maker. He established the cartoon department at the Cuban institute of cinematic arts. He won several prizes for this work. In ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Active in Spain.

Born 5 February 1898, in Montevideo; died 12 February 1929, in Montevideo.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, scenographer. Religious subjects, genre scenes, scenes with figures, landscapes, urban landscapes. Stage sets, comic cartoons.

The son of Spanish emigrants, Rafaél Pérez Barradas spent most of his artistic life in Spain, where he was soon contributing illustrations to the press. In 1913, he traveled in Italy and France, then settled in Condal. In 1928, he decided to return to Uruguay. He died prematurely of an illness. He is considered to have formed part of the Spanish artistic avant-garde at the beginning of the 1920s. Starting in a Post-Impressionist style that was soon influenced by Gauguin, he rapidly lightened his palette and became interested in the Cubist vision of reality while breaking out of the unitary vision of form. His canvases, with grey and ochre colours, represent landscapes and burlesque scenes from daily life. ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Born in Montevideo.

Painter.

Bellini exhibited at the Salon des Indépendants in 1929 and 1930.

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Born 1900, in Montevideo; died 1984.

Painter, engraver. Figure compositions, landscapes with figures. Wall decorations.

Berdia began his studies in the Montevideo circle of fine arts; then later in Buenos Aires, he worked under the supervision of Guillermo Laborde and frequented the studios of Giambaggi, Gomez Cornet and Falcini. In ...

Article

Uruguayan, 19th century, male.

Active also active in Italy.

Born 8 June 1830, in Montevideo; died 15 April 1901, in Pisa, Italy.

Painter, draughtsman, watercolourist. Religious subjects, military subjects, historical subjects, allegorical subjects, figures, local figures, portraits, landscapes, local scenes, animals. Murals.

Juán Manuel Blanes' father was Andalusian and his mother was Argentinian. He was from a humble background and he seems to have learnt to draw and paint by himself. He worked on the newspaper ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1963, naturalised French.

Born 1932, in Salto, to a Indian mother and a French father.

Painter. Figure compositions.

Pop Art.

Bolivar began to work and exhibit in Montevideo. In his first period he painted airy compositions with bright colours that accorded well with their era and the general climate of Pop Art. His objective then was to 'show the forms of a uniquely plastic reality'. From around ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Active in the Netherlands.

Born 1944, in Montevideo.

Painter. Figure compositions.

Gorki Bollar left Uruguay for London in 1966 and later settled in Amsterdam. He took part in the Salon International d'Art Naïf in Paris founded during the 1980s.

Although authentically naive in approach, Bollar has a strong sense of the construction of perspective in space and of the relief of forms. His use of colour is discreet and harmonious and he tells pleasing stories such as the ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th – 21st century, male.

Active in Sweden from 1974.

Born 1948, in Montevideo.

Painter, installation artist.

Between 1978 and 1981, Carlos Capelan studied at the Grafikskolan Forum in Malmö. He has been awarded numerous bursaries in Sweden, by the Pratt Institute of New York in ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Active in Spain from 1971.

Born July 1929, in Montevideo.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver.

Glauco Cappozzoli was a student at the school of art in Montevideo. He participated in several collective exhibitions: 1961 Biennale des Jeunes, Paris; 1963 Pratt Graphic Art Center in New York; ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Born 28 January 1881, in Montevideo; died 1945.

Painter. Historical subjects, local figures, portraits, landscapes with figures, urban landscapes, landscapes.

After studying at the school of art in Montevideo under the direction of Carlos María Herrera, Carlos Alberto Castellanos made frequent journeys to Europe before moving to Paris in ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, female.

Active in France.

Born in Montevideo.

Painter.

Caubios was the pupil of P.-A. Laurens and R.-M. Castaing. She exhibited in Paris at the Salon des Artistes Français in 1934 and 1935 with her Italian Straw Hat.

Article

Venezuelan, 20th century, male.

Born 1879, in Montevideo.

Painter.

Article

Paraguayan, 20th – 21st century, male.

Born 1964, in Itauga Guazù.

Painter, draughtsman, engraver, film producer, video artist.

Enrique Collar entered the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes Manuel Belgrano in Buenos Aires in 1988. Since 1997 he has produced audiovisual works including videos like El Presente...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Born 11 September 1887, in Montevideo; died 19 July 1977, in Bonn, Germany.

Painter, watercolourist. Portraits, landscapes.

Cúneo was a student at the Círculo de Bellas Artes in Montevideo. He made the first of his many visits to Europe when he travelled to Italy, where he was a pupil of Leonardo Bistolfi and Anton María Mucchi-Vignoli in Turin; he continued his training in Paris with Van Dongen and attended the Académie de la Grande Chaumière. He returned to Europe several times but taught in Montevideo. He took part in collective exhibitions of Latin American artists in New York and Paris and participated in the 17th, 29th and 36th Venice Biennales. He was awarded a number of distinctions....

Article

Milan Ivelić

(b Santiago, 1943).

Chilean painter, printmaker, draughtsman and video artist. He studied at the Escuela de Bellas Artes of the Universidad de Chile in Santiago (1961–5), at the Escuela de Fotomecánica in Madrid (1966), the Hochschule für Bildende Kunst in West Berlin (1967–9) and at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris.

Dittborn, together with other theorists and artists working in Chile in the 1970s, based his work on critical examination of the marginal position of Chilean art in relation to international developments, adopting to this end practices at odds with Chilean traditions. Rejecting conventional forms of painting as well as the usual methods of producing and presenting prints, he instead favoured photography as a source both of imagery and technique by means of screenprinting. He found his imagery ready-made in the portraits featured in old Chilean criminology magazines; he combined mechanical techniques such as offset lithography and screenprinting with traditional handcrafting methods of embroidery and drawn-threadwork; and in the mid-1980s he even went so far as to produce works on brown wrapping paper, which he folded and then distributed through the ordinary post, calling them his own variant of correspondence art. Dittborn used such contrasts within his work to reflect disparate realities, mirroring the social interaction of different levels in society and underlining the racially mixed origins of Latin American practices by exaggerating the clash between domestic crafts and advanced modern technology....

Article

Milan Ivelić

(b Santiago, May 11, 1940).

Chilean painter, printmaker and video artist. He studied architecture at the Universidad Católica de Chile in Santiago and printmaking at Taller 99, a workshop in Santiago run by Nemesio Antúnez, where he explored new technical methods for representing machine imagery and energy. In 1962 he travelled to Spain and then to Paris, where he studied at Stanley William Hayter’s Atelier 17.

In the mid-1960s Downey settled in the USA, where he became interested in and made contact with the pioneers of video art, which became his primary medium. Proposing to work directly with energy rather than simply representing it, he presented his first audio-visual installation in 1966, conveying light, sound and energy by means of closed-circuit television. Conceiving of the artist as a cultural communicator and keen to appropriate to his own ends methods of image reproduction derived from advanced technology, he created a series entitled Video Transamérica, which he began in ...

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Born 1888; died 1971.

Painter. Urban landscapes, landscapes.

Alberto Dura was awarded a silver medal at the Ibero-American art exhibition of 1930 in Montevideo. He painted mainly rural landscapes scorched by the summer sun in a range of clear, strong colours. His subjects were taken largely from the Aires-Puros district of Montevideo....

Article

Uruguayan, 20th century, male.

Born 1921, in Lavalleja.

Painter (gouache).

Manuel Espínola Gómez lived and worked in Montevideo. He studied at the Círculo de Bellas Artes in Montevideo under Guillermo Laborde and José Cúneo. In 1946, he won his first medal at the Salón Nacional de Bellas Artes in Montevideo. He made a trip to Europe in ...