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Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 29 March 1808, in Paris; died 20 October 1892, in Paris.

Painter (including gouache), watercolourist, illustrator, lithographer. Historical subjects, religious subjects, figures, genre scenes, interiors with figures, architectural views, costume studies.

Jules David studied under Duval-Lecamus and featured in the Paris Salon from 1834 to 1885....

Article

French, 18 – 19th century, male.

Born 26 April 1798, in Charenton-St-Maurice, France; died 13 August 1863, in Paris, France.

Painter, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer. Historical and religious subjects, figure compositions, battles, hunting scenes, local scenes, figures, costume studies, landscapes, animals, horses, flowers. Murals.

Orientalism, Romanticism.

Eugène Delacroix’s father, Charles Delacroix, was successively deputy minister of foreign affairs in The Hague and prefect of Marseilles and Bordeaux under the Directory, the First Republic, and the First Empire under the Republic. He died when Delacroix was only seven years old, leaving his family with next to no financial support. Delacroix then lost his mother when he was age 16. In 1814, he attempted an etching, of which only a single impression remains, on the bottom of a saucepan depicting a hunchback, a profile of Napoléon Bonaparte, and an officer on horseback. That year he also made an engraving on the copper plate formerly used to print the letterhead of his father when he was prefect of Marseilles. By 1815 Delacroix had already begun to copy engravings, a habit that would continue for many years. He studied in Paris at the Lycée Louis-le-Grand school but wrote to a friend in 1815 that he wished to leave school and develop his talent as an amateur painter. His initial inclination had been to study music, but by 1816, he had made his choice, partly motivated by admiration for Goya’s painting, ...

Article

British, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1862, in Birmingham; died 4 June 1928.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, illustrator, worker in precious metals, designer. Religious subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits. Jewellery.

Arts and Crafts.

Arthur Joseph Gaskin studied at the Birmingham School of Art, where he later taught. He was a member of the Arts and Crafts movement founded by William Morris, whose aim was to revitalise the decorative arts. From 1899, together with his wife Georgina Cave France, he created gold and silver jewellery, sometimes decorated with enamel. In 1902, he replaced R. Catterson Smith as director of the Birmingham School of Jewellery. He exhibited paintings at the Royal Academy in London in 1889 and 1890 and jewellery at the 1900 Paris Exposition Universelle....

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 1851, in Paris; died 1944, in St-Briac-sur-Mer (Ille-et-Vilaine).

Enameller, jeweller. Religious subjects, mythological subjects, allegorical subjects, portraits.

In 1874, Grandhomme gave an enamel portrait of Vittoria Colonna to the Paris Salon; he then worked with Puvis de Chavannes and Delaunay and was influenced by the painter Raphael Colin. In ...

Article

Alison Inglis

(b Plymouth, April 1806; d London, June 11, 1881).

English painter. His father, Samuel Hart, was a pupil of Abraham Daniel (d 1806), an engraver, miniature painter and jeweller. Hart moved to London c. 1820. His family could not afford to apprentice him to the line engraver Charles Warren, but in 1823 he entered the Royal Academy Schools. While studying there he painted miniatures and coloured theatrical prints for a living, exhibiting his first picture, a miniature, in 1826. In 1830 his Interior of a Jewish Synagogue at the Time of the Reading of the Law (1830; London, Tate) was purchased by the collector Robert Vernon. Not wishing to become a ‘painter of merely religious ceremonies’, Hart began to execute historical subjects, often taken from Shakespeare or, as with Richard Coeur de Lion and the Soldan Saladin (1835; Liverpool, Walker A.G.), from Walter Scott’s novels. In 1835 he was elected ARA and in 1840 he became the first Jewish RA....

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1767, in Chambéry (Savoy); died 1855, of cholera.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, engraver, lithographer. Historical subjects, religious subjects, costume studies.

Jean-Baptiste Peytavin interrupted his artistic studies in Chambéry to go to Turin to study law. When he returned to Chambéry he became a prosecutor but found time to resume his painting, studying with P.-A. Hennequin and Louis David at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Through David he was introduced to the Tuileries where he gave lessons in painting to members of Napoleon's entourage. He showed work at the Salon between ...

Article

British, 19th century, female.

Born 1834; died 11 February 1862, in London, of a laudanum overdose.

Painter, draughtswoman, illustrator, poet. Religious subjects.

Lizzie Siddal was a dressmaker and worked in a millinery shop. In 1950 the painter Walter Deverell asked her to pose as a central character in his painting ...

Article

German, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 12 February 1869, in Hanau; died April 1949.

Painter, draughtsman, illustrator, lithographer, watercolourist, pastellist. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, landscapes. Murals, designs for tapestries, stage costumes.

Franz Stassen was a pupil of the School of Drawing of Hanau under the direction of C. Fr. Hausmanns and of the private studio of Georg Cornicelius, then of the Hochschule für Bildende Kunst of Berlin. He wanted first to live in Munich but settled in Berlin where he made friends with Fidus and with other artists such as Franz Ebers and Melchior Lechter. He composed and exhibited his series of watercolours ...

Article

Russian, 19th century, male.

Born 26 October 1842, in Luibez (Cherepovets district, Novgorod); died 13 April 1904, in Port Arthur (now Lushun, China).

Painter, designer, illustrator, writer. Historical subjects, military subjects, battles, genre scenes, portraits, figures, interiors with figures, church interiors, landscapes, townscapes, seascapes, architectural views, ruins, gardens, animals, birds, costume studies...

Article

Milo Cleveland Beach

(b Metz, 1854; d 1942)

French jeweller and collector. Vever directed the family jewellery business, begun in Metz by his grandfather Pierre-Paul Vever (d 1853). After the capture of Metz in the Franco-Prussian War (1871), the family moved to Luxembourg and then Paris, where the Maison Vever became well established on the Rue de la Paix, winning the Grand Prix of the universal expositions in 1889 and 1900 and becoming a leader in the Art Nouveau movement. Vever gave an important group of Art Nouveau works to the Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris. His early interest in contemporary French painting led him to assemble a large and important group of works by Corot, Sisley, Renoir and Monet, of which he sold the majority (Paris, Gal. Georges Petit, 1897) to concentrate on Japanese and Islamic art. Vever had begun to collect Japanese prints in the 1880s and in 1892 joined the distinguished private group ...