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Article

Italian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Painter, art restorer. Frescoes.

In 1860, while working on the Chapel of Castel-Capuano, Abate discovered and restored the frescoes so admired today in the great hall of the Court of Appeal in Naples.

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1878, in Châteauneuf-sur-Sarthe.

Painter, draughtsman. Landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

René Allard studied at a painter's workshop in Angers, where he specialised in the restoration of stained glass windows. He lived and worked in Chartres (a renowned centre for stained glass window making) for many years, and was then appointed a teacher of glass painting in Paris at the Hôtel Salé, today the Picasso Museum. He exhibited his work in Paris at the Salon des Artistes Français ...

Article

Italian, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 24 March 1955, in Millesimo (Savona).

Sculptor (marble/bronze), draughtswoman, pastellist, art restorer. Mythological figures. Statues, groups, low reliefs.

Claudia Amari entered the Accademia di Brera in Milan in 1974, and also trained in the marble-working studios of Sem Ghelardini, Palla and Grossi in Pietrasanta and Carrara. Then in ...

Article

Lucília Verdelho da Costa and Sandro Callerio

(b Lisbon, Aug 26, 1839; d Genoa, Nov 30, 1915).

Portuguese painter, architect and restorer, active in Italy. He came from a middle-class family with trading interests in Italy. In 1854 Andrade went to Genoa, and friendships there with such artists as Tammar Luxoro (1824–99) led him to study painting with Alexandre Calame and later to study architecture at the Accademia Ligustica di Belle Arti. He travelled widely, and in Italy he came into contact with Antonio Fontanesi and Carlo Pittura (1835/6–91), with whom he became one of the most active painters of the Scuola di Rivara. According to Telamaro Signorini, Andrade was among the painters who frequented the Caffè Michelangiolo in Florence. The influence of the macchiaioli painters is also evident from 1863 in his paintings, especially in Return from the Woods at Dusk (1869; Genoa, Mus. Accad. Ligustica B.A.)

Lucília Verdelho da Costa

Andrade’s work represents a transition from the Romantic school of Calame to the Naturalism of the Barbizon school. His landscapes show careful observation of nature. The locations in northern Italy seem to have been chosen for their melancholy and serenity, as in the landscapes of Fontanesi. Andrade’s pastoral scenes at dawn or dusk are seen through morning mists or against sunsets, or they depict uninhabited countryside. Most of these works, for example ...

Article

Andréa  

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1958.

Painter, art restorer.

Andréa trained as a copyist and conservator of paintings from 1974 to 1978, while continuing to work on her own art. She has a Master's degree in Chinese arts and letters, and is pursuing further study in this area at the fine arts academies in Beijing and Shanghai....

Article

Argentinian, 20th century, male.

Active in France.

Watercolourist.

Ansa is a teacher of graphic arts and colour theory at the French Institute for the Restoration of Art. In the book The Eagle's Secret (Albin-Michel, 2000), Henri Gougaud describes the turbulent career of Luis Ansa, the 'painter-shaman'. He teaches oriental lacquering, wash procedures and painting in Paris. The Adac gallery and studio held a solo exhibition of his works in Paris in ...

Article

Alexandru Beldiman

(b Bucharest, Oct 27, 1902; d 1994).

Romanian restorer, architect and architectural historian . He studied (1922–8) at the High School of Architecture, Bucharest, under Petre Antonescu and Paul Smărăndescu. In 1928 he obtained a two-year bursary to study at the Accademia di Romania, Rome, where he specialized in architectural restoration. He attended the courses of Gustavo Giovannoni at the faculty of architecture at the Università La Sapienza, Rome, and studied Italian restoration projects. From 1930 he worked for the Historical Monuments Commission in Bucharest. Among his early restoration projects were the 18th-century churches of Kretzulescu (1932–9) and Antim (1945), Bucharest, and during this period he also designed a number of original works, such as the Gordon Hayward Villa (1936–7) in Cîmpina, the church in Balcic, and the Pherekyde and Constantinescu houses (1938), also in Balcic. Notable later restorations include the 17th-century monastery church (1943–4) at Iası, the church (...

Article

(b Pieve Santo Stefano, nr Arezzo, May 13, 1836; d Florence, Sept 12, 1922).

Italian dealer, restorer, collector and painter . From 1854 he trained as a painter at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Florence, executing such works as France Succouring Italy during the War of 1859 (1859–60; Impruneta, Villa Triboli). During the 1870s he began acquiring important works of art and became known as a notable dealer in Italian Old Master paintings, sculpture and objets d’art. He often obtained works of impeccable provenance, such as Arnolfo di Cambio’s marble figures for the ancient façade of Florence Cathedral, which included the Nativity, Pope Boniface VIII (both c. 1296–1300; Florence, Mus. Opera Duomo) and Death of the Virgin (c. 1296–1300; destr., fragments in Berlin, Bodemus.; plaster copy, executed by Bardini before the sale to Berlin, in Florence, Mus. Opera Duomo). An extensive range of significant works dating from approximately the 12th century to the 16th passed through his possession, entering major museums and private collections, including numerous Italian bronze statuettes, many of which were acquired by ...

Article

(b Sarrebourg [now Saarburg, Germany], Oct 14, 1834; d Paris, Feb 28, 1915).

French architect, restorer, teacher and writer. His architectural training began in 1854 in the studio of Henri Labrouste and then, when it was disbanded in 1856, in that of Viollet-le-Duc, which had been opened largely at Baudot’s request. His academic training was limited to a brief period (1856–7) at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. From 1856 until the death of Viollet-le-Duc in 1879 Baudot’s life was that of a disciple, first as a student and later as a collaborator on restoration work (especially at Notre-Dame in Paris and the cathedral of Clermont-Ferrand). This patronage, while provoking strong antagonism from certain quarters, made it easy for him to enter professional life. Between 1869 and 1872 Baudot, possibly supported by Viollet-le-Duc who sat on the panel of judges, won first prize in three competitions for new churches: at Rambouillet (built in 1869), Levallois (1870; unexecuted) and Grenoble (...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 1961.

Painter, watercolourist, pastellist. Figure compositions, portraits.

Orientalism.

Bérengère Bekkaoui has taken courses in painting and restoration. She exhibits in the Salons of the Val-d'Oise, and has been awarded honours.

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 16 November 1921, in Paris; died 9 February 1974.

Painter (including gouache), art restorer. Figure compositions, figures, portraits, landscapes, flowers, fruit, still-lifes. Stage sets.

Richard Bellias studied at the académies libres in Paris. He was a pupil of Othon Freisz, at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, and the sculptor Robert Wlérick, at the École des Arts Appliqués. His work also shows the influence of his mentor, François Desnoyer. After meeting Édouard Goerg around ...

Article

Amedeo Bellini

(b Milan, Nov 13, 1854; d Rome, Aug 8, 1933).

Italian architect, teacher, restorer and writer. He attended both the Politecnico in Milan and the Accademia di Brera, studying as a pupil of Camillo Boito. He graduated in 1875 and the following year enrolled at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, where he attended Jean-Louis Pascal’s atelier, and came into contact with Charles Garnier, Gabriel-Jean-Antoine Davioud and Théodore Ballu. He also cultivated the interest in engraving that he had acquired under the painter Luigi Conconi and exhibited at the Salon of 1877. In 1880 Beltrami won the competition organized by the municipality of Milan for a monument (unexecuted) to the anti-Austrian uprising of 1848 and was appointed to the chair in architecture at the Accademia di Brera. The following year he also shared first prize with Carlo Ferrario (1833–1907) in a competition organized by the Accademia di Brera for a new façade for the cathedral. Between 1880 and 1886...

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 18 June 1876, in Mechelen; died 2 October 1953, in Limoges, France.

Painter, enameller, art restorer. Portraits.

Philippe Victor van den Bergh was a student at the academy of fine arts in Mechelen in 1890. He entered the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in ...

Article

French, 20th – 21st century, female.

Born 2 March 1951, in Cannes.

Painter (gouache), draughtsman, illustrator. Scenes with figures.

Myriam Bering obtained a diploma in museum conservation at the École du Louvre in Paris. She is the author of a thesis on The Transparencies Period in the Work of Picabia...

Article

French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 17 January 1866, in Vienne; died 7 January 1931, in Boulogne-sur-Seine.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman, watercolourist, illustrator. Figures. Monuments.

The son of a stonemason employed on the restoration of monuments in the Rhône valley, Joseph Antoine Bernard accompanied his father from the age of 12, learning the art of direct stone-carving which he was subequently to practice throughout his life. He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Lyons, and under Pierre Jules Cavelier at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris for a six-month period in ...

Article

Frank Arneil Walker

(b Cologne, Oct 18, 1845; d Zagreb, April 17, 1926).

German architect, active in Croatia. He was educated in Cologne, then continued his architectural studies in Vienna, where he entered the studio of Friedrich von Schmidt, and was later in Rome. Under Schmidt he worked on the restoration of the Stephansdom in Vienna, and in 1876 he was put in charge of similar work in Croatia, implementing Schmidt’s designs (1875–82) for the cathedral at Đakovo and his project (1876–82) to restore St Mark’s, Zagreb. His most notable restorations were at the church of Marija Bistrica (1878–83) and at Zagreb Cathedral (1879–1902), but his rather purist approach often failed to respect the organic accretions of later periods, and he destroyed many provincial Baroque buildings, for example in the Gornji Grad and Kaptol districts of Zagreb (and elsewhere). An earthquake in Zagreb in 1880 gave Bollé his greatest opportunities in terms of both architecture and urban planning. In addition to further restoration work and a number of new neo-Gothic and neo-classical churches he built several urban housing blocks and public buildings in a Renaissance Revival style reminiscent of works in Vienna. Of these the city’s Crafts School (...

Article

Ye. I. Kirichenko

(Yevgrafovich)

(b Ufa, 1870; d Moscow, Jan 29, 1946).

Russian architect, architectural historian, restorer and exhibition organizer. He studied (1887–91) at the School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, Moscow, and then at the Technische Hochschule, Zurich, where he completed his studies in 1894. He designed the Russian craft pavilion at the Exposition Universelle (1900) in Paris with A. Ya Golovin and with the painter Konstantin Korovin. The work largely reflected the search for a distinct national style, particularly the revival of Russian timber architecture and tent-roofed churches (for illustration see Mir Iskusstva). His own churches, built for the Old Believers community, are in Bogorodsk (now Noginsk; 1900–02), Tokmakov Lane, Moscow, Gavrilov Lane, Moscow, and in Orekhovo-Zuyevo and Kuznetsy near Moscow, all built in 1906–9. Two later examples are at Kuznetsov (1911) near Kashin, near Moscow, and in Riga (1913–14). They are picturesque compositions, complex in form with expressive contrasts in texture and colour. Similar in approach are his country houses, including those for ...

Article

Spanish, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 15 April 1867, in Valencia; died 1945, in Barcelona.

Painter, art restorer. Figure compositions, portraits, interiors, landscapes, seascapes.

Borras y Abella was the son of Vicente Borras y Mompo, from whom he received his first painting lessons. He then studied at the Escuela de Bellas Artes in Barcelona, where he later became a professor. Though he specialised in portraiture, Borras y Abella also painted extensive compositions with figures, as well as landscapes and seascapes. He was also a skilled conservator, and worked for Catalan collectors and Spanish museums....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 27 March 1937, in Veigné.

Painter, sculptor, art restorer.

Article

V. P. Tsel’tner

[Mikhail]

(b Romanivka, nr Ternopil, Oct 30, 1882; d 1939).

Ukrainian painter, teacher, theorist and restorer. From 1899 to 1905 he studied as the Matejka Academy of Art in Kraków and from 1905 at the Akademien der Bildenden Künste in Munich and Vienna. He lived and worked in Paris from 1908 to 1911 and visited Italy in 1910–11. He then moved to Lemberg (now L’viv), where he restored medieval paintings, and from 1917 settled in Kiev. After the Russian Revolution he emerged as one of the major artists who called for the revival of the Ukrainian national artistic tradition, regarding monumental painting as the most appropriate form. His paintings combine such timeless motifs as labour, motherhood, and man’s relationship to the soil with an acute sense of the great dramas of his time and are produced in a highly distinctive continuation of the Ukrainian Art Nouveau style. He drew on the traditions of Byzantine mural painting, Italian early Renaissance art and the medieval art of Ukraine, as well as on the stylistic features of folk art. He was an outstanding teacher and theorist who defended his ideas vigorously and skilfully in public appearances, uniting around him a set of like-minded young artists and creating a tendency that became known as ‘Boychukism’. From ...