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Article

Claude Laroche

(b Paris, Nov 9, 1812; d Chatou, Aug 2, 1884).

French architect and restorer. He was the son of a Neo-classical architect of the same name (1783–1868), who was a pupil of Charles Percier and architect to the département of Charente. The younger Paul Abadie began studying architecture in 1832 by joining the atelier of Achille Leclère and then entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in 1835. While he was following this classical training, he participated in the rediscovery of the Middle Ages by going on archaeological trips and then, from 1844, in his capacity as attaché to the Commission des Monuments Historiques. He undertook his first restoration work at Notre-Dame de Paris, under the direction of Jean-Baptiste-Antoine Lassus and Viollet-le-Duc. Abadie was appointed deputy inspector at Notre-Dame in 1845, and in 1848, when the department responsible for diocesan buildings was created, he was appointed architect to the dioceses of Périgueux, Angoulême and Cahors. He subsequently completed about 40 restoration projects, mainly on Romanesque churches in Charente, in the Dordogne and the Gironde, and as a diocesan architect he was put in charge of two large cathedrals in his district: St Pierre d’Angoulême and St Front de Périgueux. In the former he undertook a huge programme of ‘completion’, returning to a stylistic unity that was in line with current episcopal policy (...

Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 22 March 1705, in Nancy; died 27 March 1778, in Paris.

Sculptor, art restorer, decorative designer.

The second son of Jacob-Sigisbert Adam, Nicolas-Sébastien Adam left Nancy at the age of 16 and went to continue his studies in Paris. He made rapid progress and became widely known. The treasurer general of Languedoc summoned him to the Château de La Mosson, near Montpellier, and commissioned him to embellish his château with sculptures. He remained there for four years and in ...

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Rome.

Sculptor. Monuments.

Taught at the Accademia di San Luca in Rome and was responsible chiefly for the restoration of ancient monuments and sculptures. He was known still to be alive in 1807. In 1780 he was commissioned by Catherine the Great of Russia to sculpt the tomb of Raffael Mengs in St Peter's, Rome....

Article

Albert  

French, 18th century, male.

Active in Paris.

Sculptor.

Albert played an important part in the work carried out for the Prince de Condé between 1768 and 1774 on the Hôtel de Lassay and the Palais-Bourbon, especially the restoration of the ten groups of children placed along the balustrade of the palace roof....

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Painter, art restorer.

In a letter addressed to the Duke of Hamilton, the landscape painter P. Hackert sings the praises of Friedrich Anders as a painting restorer. Anders is known to have been retained by the King of Naples around 1797...

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born in Rome.

Sculptor.

Worked under Valadier in 1800 on the restoration of the baptismal fonts in Orvieto Cathedral.

Article

Italian, 18th – 19th century, male.

Active in Naples.

Sculptor.

Records of the Bourbon court for 1791 list him as a 'marbler'. He is known to have worked from 1799 to 1805 on the restoration of sculptures uncovered during archaeological excavations.

Article

Philippe Durey

(b Le Havre, June 21, 1750; d Paris, April 15, 1818).

French sculptor, draughtsman and engraver. He arrived in Paris in 1765 to become a pupil of Augustin Pajou. Although he never won the Prix de Rome, he appears to have travelled to Rome in the early 1770s. About 1780 or 1781 he was involved in the decoration of Claude-Nicolas Ledoux’s Hôtel Thélusson, Paris. From 1784 to 1785 he carried out work at the château of Compiègne, including the decoration of the Salle des Gardes, where his bas-reliefs illustrating the Battles of Alexander (in situ) pleasantly combine a Neo-classical clarity of composition with a virtuosity and animation that are still Rococo in spirit.

Beauvallet was approved (agréé) by the Académie Royale in 1789. During the French Revolution he was a passionate republican and presented plaster busts of Marat and of Chalier (1793–4; both destr.) to the Convention. He was briefly imprisoned after the fall of Robespierre in ...

Article

Swiss, 18th century, male.

Active in Basel.

Painter.

In 1710, Benedikt Becker worked with his brother, Hans Georg Becker, on the restoration of Jean Bock's frescoes at Basel Town Hall.

Article

Swiss, 18th century, male.

Active in Baselc.1710-1711.

Painter, decorative designer.

Hans Georg Becker worked with his brother, Benedikt, on the restoration of the frescoes in Basel Town Hall.

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Active in Milan.

Died 1744.

Painter, art restorer. Religious subjects.

He painted various church altarpieces and restored older works, including Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper. However, the restoration of Leonardo's celebrated painting is of such poor quality that the contribution of Michelangelo Bellotti and others is probably to be deplored rather than applauded. One of Bellotti's own paintings, ...

Article

German, 18th century, male.

Active in Augsburg during the first half of the 18th century.

Sculptor.

This artist, who taught Leonhard Riedlinger, produced numerous sculptures for the restoration of the Dominican convent in Augsburg.

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born in Genoa; died 1766, in Genoa.

Painter.

Michelangelo Bertolotto the Younger was the son of Giovanni Lorenzo Bertolotto. Although less talented than his father, he was - according to Soprani - a skilful restorer.

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Died 1827, in Paris.

Painter, lithographer.

He trained at the art school in Montpellier and gained a second-class medal in 1824. He was appointed director of the restoration of paintings at the Louvre in 1816. At the 1799 Salon he exhibited ...

Article

(b Toulouse, 1766; d Paris, 1826).

French dealer, restorer and painter. He may have begun his career as a protégé of Henri-Auguste de Chalvet, a collector and Associate Member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Toulouse. His first teachers were Pierre Rivalz and Lambert-François-Thérèse Cammas. He moved to Paris shortly before the French Revolution but went almost immediately to London, where he established himself as a portrait painter, exhibiting at the Royal Academy in 1794 and 1795. He returned to Paris in 1796 and that year sent three portraits to the Salon. In 1799, he exhibited the curiously Romantic Girl Surprised by a Storm (New York, Brooklyn Mus.). The following year he achieved popular success with Woman of Property Begging (England, priv. col.). His talents as a portrait painter were particularly admired: surviving examples are Adrien Segond (1812; Paris, Louvre) and Dieudonné Jeanroy (1812; U. Paris V, Fac. Médec.). His style of painting reflected contemporary admiration for highly finished works in the manner of 17th-century Dutch artists....

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 1770, in Paris; died 1846.

Engraver.

He engraved medals of the major personalities and events of the Empire, the Restoration, and the July Monarchy.

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 11 February 1763, in Toulon; died 28 February 1831, in Toulon.

Sculptor, draughtsman, art restorer. Religious subjects, seascapes. Decorative schemes.

Brun first studied sculpture at the workshop of the Port of Toulon, before moving to Rome in 1782, where he spent six months perfecting his art with the Roman masters of the day. With no means to support himself, he eventually returned to France. Two years later, influential patrons secured him a grant from the King, enabling him to study in Italy for a further four years. Upon his return to Toulon in ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Painter.

Pierre Carlier was also a picture-restorer in Paris.

Article

Dutch, 18th century, male.

Born 1732, in The Hague.

Painter, art restorer. Portraits.

Hendrik Carré studied with his father Johannes Carré. He painted a portrait of the Princess of Orange, and restored paintings.

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Born c. 1716, in Rome; died 1799, in Rome.

Sculptor.

Pupil of Monnot. He was an antique dealer and devoted most of his time to restoration work. He was friendly with Winckelmann and worked a great deal for Cardinal Albani. His (relatively few) works are mostly Baroque in style. Best known for his ...