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Article

French, 18th century, male.

Born 22 March 1705, in Nancy; died 27 March 1778, in Paris.

Sculptor, art restorer, decorative designer.

The second son of Jacob-Sigisbert Adam, Nicolas-Sébastien Adam left Nancy at the age of 16 and went to continue his studies in Paris. He made rapid progress and became widely known. The treasurer general of Languedoc summoned him to the Château de La Mosson, near Montpellier, and commissioned him to embellish his château with sculptures. He remained there for four years and in ...

Article

Swiss, 18th century, male.

Active in Baselc.1710-1711.

Painter, decorative designer.

Hans Georg Becker worked with his brother, Benedikt, on the restoration of the frescoes in Basel Town Hall.

Article

Belgian, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 18 June 1876, in Mechelen; died 2 October 1953, in Limoges, France.

Painter, enameller, art restorer. Portraits.

Philippe Victor van den Bergh was a student at the academy of fine arts in Mechelen in 1890. He entered the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 4 April 1821, in Lyons.

Painter (including gouache), art restorer, draughtsman. Mythological subjects, religious subjects, genre scenes, landscapes. Wall decorations, church decoration.

A pupil at the École des Beaux-Arts, Lyons (1836-1841), Jean Baptiste Beuchot exhibited landscapes in Lyons in ...

Article

French, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 11 February 1763, in Toulon; died 28 February 1831, in Toulon.

Sculptor, draughtsman, art restorer. Religious subjects, seascapes. Decorative schemes.

Brun first studied sculpture at the workshop of the Port of Toulon, before moving to Rome in 1782, where he spent six months perfecting his art with the Roman masters of the day. With no means to support himself, he eventually returned to France. Two years later, influential patrons secured him a grant from the King, enabling him to study in Italy for a further four years. Upon his return to Toulon in ...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active 1442-1509.

Born c. 1420, in Perugia; died c. 1505, in Perugia.

Painter, decorative artist, art restorer. Religious subjects. Banners, armorials.

Perugian School.

Bartolomeo Caporali was active between 1472 and 1499 in Perugia. Nothing is known of his training but from his first work, an ...

Article

Italian, 16th century, male.

Born 1509, in Gandino near Bergamo; died 1579, in Madrid, in 1569 according to the Larousse Dictionary.

Painter, sculptor, draughtsman (including wash), architect, decorative artist, art restorer. Religious subjects, historical subjects, mythological subjects. Wall decorations, frescoes.

After a study trip to Rome, paid for by his protector Tobia Pallavicini, Giovanni Battista Castello (Il Bergamasco) produced a series of works in Genoa and Bergamo. His best-known works in Bergamo include the fresco ...

Article

Dutch, 20th century, male.

Born 1894, in Sprang; died 1949.

Painter, sculptor (including wood), draughtsman (including charcoal/ink), decorative artist, art restorer. Figure compositions, figures, scenes with figures, genre scenes, landscapes with figures, seascapes, animals.

In 1906, Hendrik Chabot's family settled in Rotterdam, where he worked as a decorative artist as well as attending evening classes at the art academy. In ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 22 March 1879, in Geneva; died 8 November 1945, in Lausanne.

Painter (including gouache), pastellist, illustrator, decorative artist, art restorer. Scenes with figures, figures, portraits, waterscapes. Frescoes, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics, church decoration, stage sets.

Alexandre Cingria was descended from a famous Levantine family and the brother of the writer Charles-Albert Cingria. He studied at the university and art schools in Geneva, the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris, the academies in Munich and on several occasions in Florence. He started painting in ...

Article

French, 19th century, male.

Born 15 July 1827, in Paris; died 1894.

Enameller, art restorer. Objets d'art.

He was taught exclusively by his father, Étienne-Charles Corplet, and first exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1857.

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 28 August 1900, in Coussac-Bonneval (Haute-Vienne).

Painter, art restorer, enameller.

Marie Floirat exhibited from 1940 to 1967 at the Salon des Artistes Français, Salon des Artistes Indépendants, Salon de l'Académie Européenne des Arts and the Salons des Arts, Sciences et Lettres du Limousin and Salon des Artistes Marchois in Bellac. She was awarded the Paris silver medal for the arts in ...

Article

Linda Whiteley

French family of restorers, dealers, cabinetmakers and painters. François-Simon-Alphonse Giroux (d Paris, 1 May 1848) was a pupil of Jacques-Louis David and became a picture restorer, founding his business in Paris at the end of the 18th century. He specialized in genre paintings of medieval ruins and troubadours and bought particularly from a younger generation of artists such as Louis Daguerre, Charles-Marie Bouton (1781–1863), Charles Arrowsmith (b 1798) and Charles Renoux (1795–1846), all of whom painted church interiors. Giroux also admired Gothic art and became the official restorer for Notre-Dame, Paris. His daughter Olympe Giroux and son Alphonse-Gustave Giroux succeeded him in his business. Another son, André Giroux (b Paris, 30 April 1801; d Paris, 18 Nov 1879), was a painter. François-Simon-Alphonse’s firm publicized its stock by holding exhibitions of Old Master paintings and contemporary art and by publishing catalogues of works both for sale and for hire from their premises. After ...

Article

Swiss, 19th century, male.

Active in Lucerne.

Born 28 October 1853, in Herznach.

Painter, decorative designer, art restorer.

Article

German, 20th century, male.

Born 1878; died 1918, in Bremen.

Painter, decorative designer. Designs for tapestries.

Leonhard Gunkel was a student at the academy of fine art in Dresden.

He carried out the restoration of the paintings in the church of St Sylvester in Quakenbruck and the works in the meeting room of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Bremen. He produced the cartoons of the tapestries for the Office of Administrative Affairs at the Exposition Universelle in Brussels (...

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 17 April 1906, in Gourdon (Lot); died 15 May 1991, in Choisy-le-Roi.

Sculptor (including bronze), draughtsman, art restorer. Figures, animals. Low reliefs, statues, busts, medallions, decorative schemes.

André Lavaysse started his training in Cahors, before moving to Paris, where he was guided by Charles Despiau. He carried out numerous restoration commissions on historical monuments in Paris, such as: the trophies of Hôtel Coislyn, Place de la Concorde, the trophies of the Ministère de la Marine and of the Palais de l'Élysée, the sculptures in the church of la Madeleine and the low reliefs of the Arc de Triomphe, and the recumbent effigies on the tombs and the sculptures in the Basilica of St Denis....

Article

Italian, 18th century, male.

Died in Lemberg (now Lviv, Ukraine).

Painter, decorative designer, architect.

In 1790 Innocente Maraini decorated the Warsaw theatre. As an architect he took part in the restoration of the theatre in the Krasinski Palace. In 1796 he went to Lemberg, where in six weeks he built an amphitheatre in the garden of Prince Jablonovski, then later a new theatre. He also painted opera sets....

Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 11 June 1879, in Périgueux.

Painter, art restorer, copyist. Wall decorations.

Mazurier was a student of Fernand Cormon at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. From an early stage, he specialised in the delicate restorations of old paintings and in large decorations on classical themes. He worked on the reproduction of French Romanesque frescoes for the Musée des Monuments Français du Palais de Chaillot, and he also received the commission for the decoration of the royal palace of Belgrade, where he applied free variations to the patterns of the eighteenth century....

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 23 March 1920, in Lausanne; died 21 May 1981, in Fribourg.

Painter, watercolourist, draughtsman, lithographer, monotype artist, art restorer. Tapestry.

Raymond Meuwly served an apprenticeship as a builder's decorator and worked as assistant to Alexandre Cingria until his conscription into the armed services in ...

Article

Deborah Cullen

[MoMA] (New York)

The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) was founded in 1929 by patrons Lillie P(lummer) Bliss, Cornelius J. Sullivan and Rockefeller family §(1) to establish an institution devoted to modern art. Over the next ten years the Museum moved three times and in 1939 settled in the Early Modern style building (1938–9) designed by Philip S. Goodwin and Edward Durell Stone that it still occupies at 11 West 53 Street. Subsequent renovations and expansions occurred in the 1950s and 1960s by Philip Johnson, in 1984 by Cesar Pelli and in 2002–4 by Yoshirō Taniguchi (b 1937). MoMA QNS, the temporary headquarters during this project, was subsequently used to provide art storage. In 2000, MoMA and the contemporary art space, P.S.1, Long Island City, Queens, announced their affiliation. Recent projects are shown at P.S.1 in Queens in a renovated public school building.

According to founding director, Alfred H(amilton) Barr...

Article

Bohemian School, 19th century, male.

Born 17 February 1798, in Schlan; died 21 April 1865, in Prague.

Painter (gouache), draughtsman, decorative designer, art restorer. Historical subjects, genre scenes, hunting scenes, still-lifes, landscapes.

Navratil was a student of Josef Bergler at the academy of fine arts in Prague and worked in Prague. He restored Baroque wall paintings in several Bohemian castles and then created his own idyllic frescoes in the 'second rococo' style. He mainly painted historical subjects and street scenes....