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Article

French, 20th century, male.

Born 1878, in Châteauneuf-sur-Sarthe.

Painter, draughtsman. Landscapes. Designs for stained glass.

René Allard studied at a painter's workshop in Angers, where he specialised in the restoration of stained glass windows. He lived and worked in Chartres (a renowned centre for stained glass window making) for many years, and was then appointed a teacher of glass painting in Paris at the Hôtel Salé, today the Picasso Museum. He exhibited his work in Paris at the Salon des Artistes Français ...

Article

Italian, 15th century, male.

Active in Orvieto.

Died 1464.

Glass painter.

In 1463, Antonio da Venezia provided the drawings for the restoration of a stained glass window at Orvieto Cathedral.

Article

Alessandro Conti

(b Pisa, Dec 9, 1829; d Turin, ?after 1907).

Italian restorer. He was a painter of stained-glass windows, completing those in Perugia Cathedral by 1868. Later he worked exclusively as a restorer, particularly of wall paintings. He achieved fame through his work, in 1856, on Benozzo Gozzoli’s Rape of Diana in the Camposanto, Pisa, in which his aim was solely that of conservation. To this end he removed unsafe sections and simply replaced them securely on the wall, leaving repainted areas intentionally visible, in a conscious renunciation of the ‘artistic’ approach to restoration work. A trusted collaborator of Giovanni Battista Cavalcaselle, he worked on the frescoes in both the Upper Church of S Francesco, Assisi (1873), and also the Lower, particularly those by Ambrogio Lorenzetti (1874). He began restoration work in the Arena Chapel at Padua (1868–71) but was removed on the grounds of technical incompetence and replaced by Antonio Bertolli, who practised the same methods but was deemed to be more reliable. In ...

Article

Swiss, 20th century, male.

Born 22 March 1879, in Geneva; died 8 November 1945, in Lausanne.

Painter (including gouache), pastellist, illustrator, decorative artist, art restorer. Scenes with figures, figures, portraits, waterscapes. Frescoes, designs for stained glass, designs for mosaics, church decoration, stage sets.

Alexandre Cingria was descended from a famous Levantine family and the brother of the writer Charles-Albert Cingria. He studied at the university and art schools in Geneva, the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts in Paris, the academies in Munich and on several occasions in Florence. He started painting in ...

Article

French, 16th century, male.

Active in Fresnay-sur-Sarthe (Sarthe).

Glass painter.

François Dienis worked on the restoration of the stained glass windows in the church at Fresnay from 1563 to 1580.

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Active in Nemours.

Born 1583.

Glass painter.

Few traces remain of Jean Dupineau's numerous works. He worked on the restoration of the stained glass windows of the church of St-Jean Baptiste in Nemours.

Article

Gugnon  

French, 19th century, male.

Glass painter.

Gugnon was active in Metz in 1851, where he worked in the workshop of the great glass painting restorer, Charles-Laurent Maréchal.

Article

French, 20th century, female.

Born 9 December 1896, in Paris.

Stained glass painter, art restorer.

Marguerite Félicité Huré was a student at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, where she exhibited at the Salon d'Automne. She created numerous stained glass windows, including those of the Bourg-la-Reine church. She was also a conservator, having restored, among many others, two nineteenth-century windows at the Trinité in Fécamp....

Article

Belgian, 20th century, male.

Born 1871, in Antwerp.

Painter, stained glass painter. Landscapes, still-lifes.

Daniel Levering studied under C. Verlat and J. de Vriendt. He also worked as a painting restorer.

Article

Marsha L. Morton

(b Hamburg, Feb 16, 1803; d Lübeck, Nov 19, 1875).

German painter, draughtsman, stained-glass designer, illustrator and restorer. In Hamburg he studied drawing with Gerdt Hardorff the elder (1769–1864) and painting with Christopher Suhr (1771–1842) and Siegfried Bendixen (1786–1864). His admiration for early German art was inspired during a sketching trip through Schleswig-Holstein in June 1823 with Erwin Speckter. Drawings from this period include a copy of Hans Memling’s altarpiece in Lübeck Cathedral. Following a sojourn in Dresden in 1824, Milde and Speckter travelled to Munich in the summer of 1825 where they studied history painting at the Akademie. In 1826 they lived briefly in Rome; and Milde again worked in Rome from 1830 to 1832 where he was in contact with the Lukasbrüder. Their preference for an outline style reinforced Milde’s own primitivizing linear manner derived from his study of Northern Renaissance art. Milde’s few extant paintings are mostly portraits from the 1830s, although history paintings, genre scenes, marine views and landscapes have also been attributed to him. Milde completed both bust-length oil portraits and family groups set in domestic interiors, which provide a detailed record of middle-class life in Hamburg at this time. In watercolours such as ...

Article

Gavin Townsend

(b Lichtenheim, Lower Bavaria, Dec 3, 1818; d Munich, Feb 10, 1901).

German chemist. Although best known for his research into the causes of cholera and typhoid, he was also involved in art and architecture. In 1845, a year after completing his doctorate in chemistry, he obtained a post at the Royal Mint of Bavaria. Here he discovered a way of reproducing porporino, an antique red glass much used by the ancient Romans and admired by Ludwig I of Bavaria. In 1849, when a professor of medical chemistry at the university in Munich, Pettenkofer developed, at the request of the architect Leo von Klenze, a process of manufacturing a building cement that was the equal of Portland cement. Pettenkofer’s greatest contribution to art, however, lay in the restoration of paintings. In 1863 he was asked to find a way of reversing the growth of mildew on the varnishes of oil paintings in the various galleries of Munich. Through experimentation and microscopic analysis, he discovered that the varnishes could be cleared through the application of hot alcohol vapour. In this endeavour Pettenkofer introduced the use of the ...

Article

French, 17th century, male.

Active in Bernay in 1611.

Glass painter.

Poelou supervised the restoration of the stained glass windows at the church of the Ste-Croix in Bernay.

Article

Hungarian, 20th century, female.

Painter. Designs for stained glass.

Lilly Sztehlo Arkay studied in Paris and Rome. She designed the altars and chancel windows for the restoration of Veszprém Cathedral.